Harpagoxenus

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Harpagoxenus
Harpagoxenus canadensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Harpagoxenus
Forel, 1893
Type species
Myrmica sublaevis, now Harpagoxenus sublaevis
Diversity
4 species
(Species Checklist)

Harpogoxenus-canadensis MCZ001L.jpg

Harpagoxenus canadensis

Harpogoxenus-canadensis MCZ001D.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms
Evolutionary Relationships



Cardiocondyla



Ocymyrmex






Nesomyrmex



Xenomyrmex





Terataner




Atopomyrmex



Cataulacus










Carebara



Diplomorium






Melissotarsus



Rhopalomastix






Calyptomyrmex



Tetramorium





Cyphoidris



Dicroaspis










Aretidris



Vollenhovia





Dacetinops



Indomyrma








Crematogaster



Meranoplus






Lophomyrmex




Adlerzia



Recurvidris






Stereomyrmex




Trichomyrmex





Eutetramorium




Royidris




Malagidris



Vitsika








Huberia



Podomyrma





Liomyrmex



Metapone













Kartidris



Mayriella





Tetheamyrma




Dacatria



Proatta









Dilobocondyla



Secostruma






Acanthomyrmex



Myrmecina





Perissomyrmex



Pristomyrmex









some Lordomyrma



Propodilobus





Lasiomyrma




[some Lordomyrma




Ancyridris



some Lordomyrma









Paratopula




Poecilomyrma




Romblonella



Rotastruma








Gauromyrmex



Vombisidris





Temnothorax




Harpagoxenus




Formicoxenus



Leptothorax













Based on Ward et al. (2014) and Blaimer et al. (2018).

This slave-making ant frequently parasitizes two host species in the genus Leptothorax.

Identification

Keys including this Genus

Distribution

World distribution based on political regions. View/Edit Data
Harpagoxenus Distribution.png Worlddistribution legend.jpg

Species richness

Species richness by country based on regional taxon lists (countries with darker colours are more species-rich). View Data

Harpagoxenus Species Richness.png

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Loading map...

Check specimen data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Morphology

Worker Morphology

 • Antennal segment count 11 • Antennal club 3-4 • Palp formula 5,3 • Spur formula 0, 0 • Sting present

Male Morphology

 • Antennal segment count 12 • Antennal club 0 • Palp formula 5,3 • Total dental count 0-2 • Spur formula 0, 0

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • HARPAGOXENUS [Myrmicinae: Formicoxenini]
    • Harpagoxenus Forel, 1893a: 167. Replacement name for Tomognathus Mayr, 1861: 56. [Junior homonym of Tomognathus Agassiz, 1850: 376 (Pisces).]
  • TOMOGNATHUS [junior homonym, see Harpagoxenus]
    • Tomognathus Mayr, 1861: 56. Type-species: Myrmica sublaevis, by monotypy. [Junior homonym of Tomognathus Agassiz, 1850: 376 (Pisces).]
    • Harpagoxenus Forel, 1893a: 167, replacement name for Tomognathus Mayr.

References

  • Ashmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Can. Entomol. 37: 381-384 (page 383, Harpagoxenus in Myrmicinae, Stenammini)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 105, Harpagoxenus in Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 247, Harpagoxenus in Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini)
  • Emery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 18: 29-42 (page 42, Harpagoxenus in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 265, Harpagoxenus in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini)
  • Forel, A. 1893b. Sur la classification de la famille des Formicides, avec remarques synonymiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 161-167 (page 167, Harpagoxenus replacement name for Tomognathus Mayr, 1861:56; Tomognathus Mayr, 1861 Junior homonym of Tomognathus Agassiz, 1850:376 (Pisces).)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 245, Harpagoxenus in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini)
  • Heinze, J.; Stuart, R. J.; Alloway, T. M.; Buschinger, A. 1992. Host specificity in the slave-making ant Harpagoxenus canadensis M. R. Smith. Canadian Journal of Zoology 70:167-170.
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 139, Harpagoxenus in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 664, Harpagoxenus in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini)