Iberoformica gerardi

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Iberoformica gerardi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Iberoformica
Species: I. gerardi
Binomial name
Iberoformica gerardi
(Bondroit, 1917)

Iberoformica gerardi antweb1008399 p 1 high.jpg

Iberoformica gerardi antweb1008399 d 1 high.jpg

This ant has been associated with the butterflies Laeosopis roboris and Favonius quercus (Obregon et al. 2015).

Identification

Collingwood and Yarrow (1969) - This species is described by Bondroit (1917) as brown-black, very matt with short grey pubescence; anterior of head, sutures, antennae and legs lighter and with sparse hairs on head, gaster and pronotum. It is in effect like a dark Formica rufibarbis. The dorsal thoracic hairs in these examples are less concentrated on the pronotum than in F. rufibarbis, more scattered over the whole thorax, finer and fewer in number. The main structural difference between the two species is in the shape of the epinotum which is relatively lower and less massive in F. gerardi, having the ratio of length of dorsal surface to height as 8: 10 instead of about 7: 10.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Andorra, France (type locality), Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Portugal, Spain.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Iberoformica gerardi for further details

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • gerardi. Formica gerardi Bondroit, 1917b: 186 (w.) FRANCE. Lorite, Chica & Palomeque, 1998: 26 (k.). Combination in F. (Iberoformica): Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 39. Provisional junior synonym of subrufa: Bernard, 1967: 301. Revived status as species: Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 89; Collingwood, 1978: 73.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Bondoit 1917 p. 186

References

  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 301, Provisional junior synonym of subrufa)
  • Bondroit, J. 1917b. Diagnoses de trois nouveaux Formica d'Europe (Hym.). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1917: 186-187 PDF (page 186, worker described)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 52: 65-95 (page 73, Revived status as species)
  • Collingwood, C. A.; Yarrow, I. H. H. 1969. A survey of Iberian Formicidae (Hymenoptera). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 44: 53-101 (page 89, Revived status as species)
  • Lorite, P., Chica, E. ; Palomeque, T. 1998. Numeros cromosómicos en los formícidos españoles. 1. Subfamilia Formicinae. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. Secc. Biol. 94: 23-31 (page 26, karyotype described)
  • Obregon, R., M. R. Shaw, J. Fernandez-Haeger, and D. Jordano. 2015. Parasitoid and ant interactions of some Iberian butterflies (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Shilap-Revista De Lepidopterologia. 43:439-454.