Identification resources for Afrotropical Ants

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The Arabian Peninsula is excluded fron this analysis, and species and genera cited only from this area are not incuded here. The genera cited only from this area are Aphaenogaster, Emeryopone and Iridomyrmex

Comoros is also excluded, as its fauna is more consistent with the Malagasy region. The genera cited only from this area are Eutetramorium, Ooceraea

Related information:

Keys to Genera

Acropyga

ID status is very good for this genus, mainly due to the works by LaPolla (2004) [1], and LaPolla and Fisher (2005)[2]

Antwiki keys are updated and cover all the species for the region

Keys to Species

Afrotropical species

Aenictogiton

Males and workers (Borowiec, 2016) are known for this genus. There are seven valid species, all Afrotropical. The taxonomy can be regarded as unsatisfactory since it was never revised after the initial species descriptions. There are no keys available.


Afrotropical species

Aenictus

There is no modern revision available for the Afrotropical Region. A summary of the current castes described for every species can be found here: Afrotropical Aenictus summary


Afrotropical species

Agraulomyrmex

Prins (1983)[3] described the genus and the two species belonging to it. No new species have been added since then.


Afrotropical species

Anillomyrma

Fisher & Bolton(2016)[4] cite two undescribed species from Tanzania and South Africa.


Afrotropical species

Ankylomyrma

Monospecific genus: Ankylomyrma coronacantha

Afrotropical species

1 Afrotropical species

  1. Ankylomyrma coronacantha

        Anochetus

        Brown (1978)[5] revision is valid, and no new species has been added since then.

        Antwiki keys are updated and cover all the species for the region

        Keys to Species

        Afrotropical species

        Anoplolepis

        Prins (1982) [6] partially revises the genus for South Africa, but the genus as a whole is in need of a revision indeed.

        A list of all the Afrotropical species with images Afrotropical species with images is available


        Afrotropical species

        Aphomomyrmex

        Monospecific genus: Aphomomyrmex afer

        Afrotropical species

        1 Afrotropical species

        1. Aphomomyrmex afer

              Apomyrma

              Single species genus Apomyrma stygia

              Afrotropical species

              1 Afrotropical species

              1. Apomyrma stygia

                    Asphinctopone

                    Hawkes (2010)[7] modified Bolton & Fisher (2008)[8] and covers all species for this genus

                    Antwiki key is based on that reference

                    Keys to Species

                    Afrotropical species

                    Atopomyrmex

                    Species identification can be easily performed with the species key from Bolton (1981)[9] and the diagnostic notes in Snelling (1992)[10], who described a third species.


                    Afrotropical species

                    Axinidris

                    Snelling (2007) [11] revision is valid, and no new species has been added since then.

                    Antwiki keys are updated and cover all the species for the region

                    Keys to Species

                    Afrotropical species

                    Baracidris

                    Fernandez (2003)[12] contains a key to the valid species described.

                    Antwiki key is based on that reference

                    Keys to Species

                    Afrotropical species

                    Boloponera

                    Two known species, revised in Hawkes (2018)[13]

                    Afrotropical species

                    2 Afrotropical species

                    1. Boloponera ikemkha
                    1. Boloponera vicans

                        Bondroitia

                        Only two species are known. The three castes of Bondroitia lujae are described, but the worker of Bondroitia saharensis remains unknown.

                        Bolton (1987) [14] revises the genus.


                        Afrotropical species

                        2 Afrotropical species

                        1. Bondroitia lujae
                        1. Bondroitia saharensis

                            Bothroponera

                            Joma & MacKay (2015)[15] defines the Afrotropical species, creating three complexes:

                            • pumicosa complex: Joma & MacKay (2015)
                            • sulcata complex: Joma & MacKay (2017)[16]
                            • talpa complex: Work in progress

                            For the rest of the species, the best available key for the Afrotropical species in this genus is Wheeler (1922)[17]. Although still interesting, the key is outdated and misses more than half the species and subspecies present in the Afrotropical Region.

                            Keys to Subg./Sp. Groups

                            Keys to Species

                            Afrotropical species

                            Brachymyrmex

                            One species has been recorded for the Afrotropical Region as Brachymyrmex cordemoyi, although its identification needs to be confirmed.

                            Afrotropical species

                            1 Afrotropical species

                            1. Brachymyrmex cordemoyi

                                  Brachyponera

                                  Although no key is available for the afrotropical species, identification should be quite straightforward as only one introduced species (Brachyponera sennaarensis) and two subspecies (Brachyponera sennaarensis decolor, Brachyponera sennaarensis ruginota) have been cited for the region.


                                  Afrotropical species

                                  Calyptomyrmex

                                  Revision of the the Afrotropical species by Bolton (1981)[18] is still valid as no new species has been cited for the region.

                                  Keys to Species

                                  Afrotropical species

                                  Camponotus

                                  This genus is in dire need of a profound revision, and the Afrotropical region is no exception to the rule. There are more than 250 described currently valid forms, but this number will increase probably by the dozens in the future. Some lists have been created in Antwiki to navigate the Camponotus mess:

                                  There are no recent valid keys, except for some minor species group (Robertson & Zachariades, 2007 [19]) and a key to subgenera by Emery (1925)


                                  Keys to Species

                                  Afrotropical species

                                  289 Afrotropical species

                                  1. Camponotus aberrans
                                  2. Camponotus abjectus
                                  3. Camponotus acvapimensis
                                  4. Camponotus aegyptiacus
                                  5. Camponotus aequatorialis
                                  6. Camponotus aequatorialis kohli
                                  7. Camponotus aequitas
                                  8. Camponotus agonius
                                  9. Camponotus amphidus
                                  10. Camponotus angusticeps
                                  11. Camponotus argus
                                  12. Camponotus arminius
                                  13. Camponotus arminius bicontractus
                                  14. Camponotus arnoldinus
                                  15. Camponotus atriscapus
                                  16. Camponotus aurofasciatus
                                  17. Camponotus auropubens
                                  18. Camponotus auropubens absalon
                                  19. Camponotus auropubens argentopubens
                                  20. Camponotus auropubens jacob
                                  21. Camponotus avius
                                  22. Camponotus avius hertigi
                                  23. Camponotus barbarossa
                                  24. Camponotus barbarossa micipsa
                                  25. Camponotus barbarossa sulcatinasis
                                  26. Camponotus basuto
                                  27. Camponotus bayeri
                                  28. Camponotus baynei
                                  29. Camponotus belliger
                                  30. Camponotus benguelensis
                                  31. Camponotus berthoudi
                                  32. Camponotus bertolonii
                                  33. Camponotus bianconii
                                  34. Camponotus bifossus
                                  35. Camponotus bituberculatus
                                  36. Camponotus bottegoi
                                  37. Camponotus braunsi
                                  38. Camponotus braunsi candidus
                                  39. Camponotus braunsi epinotalis
                                  40. Camponotus braunsi erythromelus
                                  41. Camponotus brevicollis
                                  42. Camponotus brevisetosus
                                  43. Camponotus brookei
                                  44. Camponotus brutus
                                  45. Camponotus buchholzi
                                  46. Camponotus buchneri
                                  47. Camponotus buchneri camerounensis
                                  48. Camponotus burgeoni
                                  49. Camponotus buttikeri
                                  50. Camponotus caesar
                                  51. Camponotus caesar imperator
                                  52. Camponotus caffer
                                  53. Camponotus callmorphus
                                  54. Camponotus carbo
                                  55. Camponotus carbo occidentalis
                                  56. Camponotus chapini
                                  57. Camponotus chapini ganzii
                                  58. Camponotus chrysurus
                                  59. Camponotus chrysurus acutisquamis
                                  60. Camponotus chrysurus apellis
                                  61. Camponotus chrysurus securifer
                                  62. Camponotus chrysurus yvonnae
                                  63. Camponotus cinctellus
                                  64. Camponotus cinctellus belliceps
                                  65. Camponotus cleobulus
                                  66. Camponotus compressiscapus
                                  67. Camponotus compressus probativus
                                  68. Camponotus confluens
                                  69. Camponotus confluens bequaerti
                                  70. Camponotus confluens trematogaster
                                  71. Camponotus congolensis
                                  72. Camponotus congolensis weissi
                                  73. Camponotus coniceps
                                  1. Camponotus conradti
                                  2. Camponotus conradti fimbriatipes
                                  3. Camponotus cosmicus
                                  4. Camponotus crawleyi
                                  5. Camponotus crepusculi
                                  6. Camponotus criniticeps
                                  7. Camponotus crucheti
                                  8. Camponotus cubangensis
                                  9. Camponotus cubangensis dofleini
                                  10. Camponotus cuneiscapus
                                  11. Camponotus debellator
                                  12. Camponotus desantii
                                  13. Camponotus detritus
                                  14. Camponotus dewitzii
                                  15. Camponotus dicksoni
                                  16. Camponotus diplopunctatus
                                  17. Camponotus diplopunctatus subconvexus
                                  18. Camponotus donisthorpei
                                  19. Camponotus druryi
                                  20. Camponotus emarginatus
                                  21. Camponotus empedocles
                                  22. Camponotus erinaceus
                                  23. Camponotus errabundus
                                  24. Camponotus etiolipes
                                  25. Camponotus eugeniae
                                  26. Camponotus eugeniae amplior
                                  27. Camponotus fabricator
                                  28. Camponotus favorabilis
                                  29. Camponotus fellah
                                  30. Camponotus ferreri
                                  31. Camponotus ferreri akka
                                  32. Camponotus ferreri cavisquamis
                                  33. Camponotus flavomarginatus
                                  34. Camponotus florius
                                  35. Camponotus foraminosus
                                  36. Camponotus foraminosus chrysogaster
                                  37. Camponotus foraminosus cuitensis
                                  38. Camponotus foraminosus deductus
                                  39. Camponotus foraminosus dorsalis
                                  40. Camponotus foraminosus flavus
                                  41. Camponotus foraminosus honorus
                                  42. Camponotus fornasinii
                                  43. Camponotus fulvopilosus
                                  44. Camponotus furvus
                                  45. Camponotus gabonensis
                                  46. Camponotus galla
                                  47. Camponotus grandidieri
                                  48. Camponotus grandidieri eumendax
                                  49. Camponotus grandidieri ruspolii
                                  50. Camponotus guttatus
                                  51. Camponotus guttatus minusculus
                                  52. Camponotus haereticus
                                  53. Camponotus hapi
                                  54. Camponotus havilandi
                                  55. Camponotus heros
                                  56. Camponotus hova
                                  57. Camponotus hova pictiventris
                                  58. Camponotus ilgii
                                  59. Camponotus immigrans
                                  60. Camponotus importunus
                                  61. Camponotus jeanneli
                                  62. Camponotus kersteni
                                  63. Camponotus klugii
                                  64. Camponotus knysnae
                                  65. Camponotus kollbrunneri
                                  66. Camponotus lamborni
                                  67. Camponotus langi
                                  68. Camponotus langi jejunus
                                  69. Camponotus ligeus
                                  70. Camponotus lilianae
                                  71. Camponotus lilianae cornutus
                                  72. Camponotus limbiventris
                                  73. Camponotus liogaster
                                  1. Camponotus longipalpis
                                  2. Camponotus maculatus
                                  3. Camponotus maculatus ugandensis
                                  4. Camponotus maguassa
                                  5. Camponotus massinissa
                                  6. Camponotus maynei
                                  7. Camponotus mayri
                                  8. Camponotus mayri chimporensis
                                  9. Camponotus moderatus
                                  10. Camponotus monardi
                                  11. Camponotus mystaceus
                                  12. Camponotus mystaceus exsanguis
                                  13. Camponotus mystaceus kamae
                                  14. Camponotus namacola
                                  15. Camponotus nasutus
                                  16. Camponotus nasutus fenestralis
                                  17. Camponotus nasutus pretiosus
                                  18. Camponotus nasutus quadridentatus
                                  19. Camponotus nasutus quinquedentatus
                                  20. Camponotus nasutus subnasutus
                                  21. Camponotus natalensis
                                  22. Camponotus natalensis corvus
                                  23. Camponotus natalensis diabolus
                                  24. Camponotus natalensis fulvipes
                                  25. Camponotus natalensis politiceps
                                  26. Camponotus niveosetosus
                                  27. Camponotus niveosetosus irredux
                                  28. Camponotus oasium
                                  29. Camponotus occasus
                                  30. Camponotus oculatior
                                  31. Camponotus olivieri
                                  32. Camponotus olivieri concordius
                                  33. Camponotus olivieri delagoensis
                                  34. Camponotus olivieri infelix
                                  35. Camponotus olivieri lemma
                                  36. Camponotus olivieri moshianus
                                  37. Camponotus olivieri osiris
                                  38. Camponotus olivieri patersoni
                                  39. Camponotus olivieri pax
                                  40. Camponotus olivieri sorptus
                                  41. Camponotus olivieri tenuipilis
                                  42. Camponotus olivieri zaireicus
                                  43. Camponotus orinobates
                                  44. Camponotus orites
                                  45. Camponotus orthodoxus
                                  46. Camponotus ostiarius
                                  47. Camponotus perrisii
                                  48. Camponotus perrisii densipunctatus
                                  49. Camponotus perrisii insularis
                                  50. Camponotus perrisii jucundus
                                  51. Camponotus perrisii nigeriensis
                                  52. Camponotus petersii
                                  53. Camponotus petersii janus
                                  54. Camponotus polyrhachioides
                                  55. Camponotus polyrhachioides cupreus
                                  56. Camponotus pompeius
                                  57. Camponotus pompeius cassius
                                  58. Camponotus pompeius iota
                                  59. Camponotus pompeius marius
                                  60. Camponotus posticus
                                  61. Camponotus postoculatus
                                  62. Camponotus prosulcatus
                                  63. Camponotus puberulus
                                  64. Camponotus pulvinatus
                                  65. Camponotus reevei
                                  66. Camponotus rhamses completus
                                  67. Camponotus robecchii
                                  68. Camponotus robecchii abyssinicus
                                  69. Camponotus robecchii dispar
                                  70. Camponotus robecchii rhodesianus
                                  71. Camponotus robecchii troglodytes
                                  72. Camponotus robertae
                                  73. Camponotus rotundinodis
                                  1. Camponotus roubaudi
                                  2. Camponotus rubripes
                                  3. Camponotus rufoglaucus
                                  4. Camponotus rufoglaucus controversus
                                  5. Camponotus rufoglaucus latericius
                                  6. Camponotus rufoglaucus syphax
                                  7. Camponotus rufoglaucus zanzibaricus
                                  8. Camponotus rufoglaucus zulu
                                  9. Camponotus sacchii
                                  10. Camponotus sankisianus
                                  11. Camponotus scabrinodis
                                  12. Camponotus scalaris
                                  13. Camponotus schoutedeni
                                  14. Camponotus sellidorsatus
                                  15. Camponotus sericeus
                                  16. Camponotus sericeus euchrous
                                  17. Camponotus sericeus sulgeri
                                  18. Camponotus sexpunctatus
                                  19. Camponotus simulans
                                  20. Camponotus simus
                                  21. Camponotus simus manidis
                                  22. Camponotus solon
                                  23. Camponotus solon chiton
                                  24. Camponotus solon jugurtha
                                  25. Camponotus somalinus
                                  26. Camponotus somalinus curtior
                                  27. Camponotus somalinus pattensis
                                  28. Camponotus storeatus
                                  29. Camponotus tauricollis
                                  30. Camponotus thales
                                  31. Camponotus thraso agricola
                                  32. Camponotus thraso assabensis
                                  33. Camponotus thraso montinanus
                                  34. Camponotus thraso nefasitensis
                                  35. Camponotus thraso negus
                                  36. Camponotus tilhoi
                                  37. Camponotus traegaordhi
                                  38. Camponotus traegaordhi fumeus
                                  39. Camponotus transvaalensis
                                  40. Camponotus transvaalensis griqua
                                  41. Camponotus transvaalensis prinsi
                                  42. Camponotus tricolor
                                  43. Camponotus trifasciatus
                                  44. Camponotus valdeziae
                                  45. Camponotus varus
                                  46. Camponotus vespertinus
                                  47. Camponotus vestitus
                                  48. Camponotus vestitus anthracinus
                                  49. Camponotus vestitus bombycinus
                                  50. Camponotus vestitus comptus
                                  51. Camponotus vestitus intuens
                                  52. Camponotus vestitus lujai
                                  53. Camponotus vestitus pectitus
                                  54. Camponotus vestitus perpectitus
                                  55. Camponotus vestitus strophiatus
                                  56. Camponotus victoriae
                                  57. Camponotus viri
                                  58. Camponotus vividus
                                  59. Camponotus vividus cato
                                  60. Camponotus vividus meinerti
                                  61. Camponotus vividus reginae
                                  62. Camponotus vividus semidepilis
                                  63. Camponotus vulpus
                                  64. Camponotus wellmani
                                  65. Camponotus wellmani gamma
                                  66. Camponotus wellmani rufipartis
                                  67. Camponotus werthi skaifei
                                  68. Camponotus wolfi
                                  69. Camponotus zimmermanni
                                  70. Camponotus zimmermanni pansus

                                  Cardiocondyla

                                  Key in Rigato (2002) [20] offers ID for the Afrotropical Cardiocondyla except for Cardiocondyla zoserka, known from the queen caste only, and Cardiocondyla venustula. See also Seifert (2003)[21]

                                  Antwiki key is based on that reference

                                  Keys to Species

                                  Afrotropical species

                                  Carebara

                                  There's ongoing work for the Afrotropical region, and some revisionary studies are being published as Fischer et al (2014)[22] for the C. polita species group or Fischer et al (2015)[23] for the Afrotropical C. phragmotica species group.

                                  The page Carebara_species_groups is of the maximum interest for the Afrotropical fauna as it summarizes Afrotropical species groups

                                  Other revisionary studies deal with genera now synonymyzed with Carebara

                                  Keys to Species

                                  Afrotropical species

                                  Cataglyphis

                                  Four species and four subspecies have been reported for the region. There's no recent review for the Afrotropical Region


                                  Afrotropical species

                                  Cataulacus

                                  Bolton (1982) [30] revises the Afrotropical species. No new species have been described since then.

                                  Antwiki key is based in this revision and covers all the Afrotropical species

                                  Keys to Species

                                  Afrotropical species

                                  Centromyrmex

                                  Bolton & Fisher (2008)[31] revise this genus. No new species have been added to the Afrotropical region since then.

                                  Antwiki key is based in that reference and covers all the Afrotropical species

                                  Keys to Subg./Sp. Groups

                                  Keys to Species

                                  Afrotropical species

                                  Crematogaster

                                  Extremely diverse genus in the Afrotropical region, with more than 300 described species and subspecies. No revision is available and its status is even messier than Camponotus


                                  Afrotropical species

                                  304 Afrotropical species

                                  1. Crematogaster acaciae
                                  2. Crematogaster acaciae generosa
                                  3. Crematogaster acaciae gloriosa
                                  4. Crematogaster acaciae victoriosa
                                  5. Crematogaster aegyptiaca
                                  6. Crematogaster aegyptiaca robusta
                                  7. Crematogaster aegyptiaca turkanensis
                                  8. Crematogaster affabilis
                                  9. Crematogaster africana
                                  10. Crematogaster africana alligatrix
                                  11. Crematogaster africana biemarginata
                                  12. Crematogaster africana camena
                                  13. Crematogaster africana polymorphica
                                  14. Crematogaster africana schumanni
                                  15. Crematogaster africana stanleyi
                                  16. Crematogaster africana stolonis
                                  17. Crematogaster africana thoracica
                                  18. Crematogaster africana tibialis
                                  19. Crematogaster africana variegata
                                  20. Crematogaster aloysiisabaudiae
                                  21. Crematogaster alulai
                                  22. Crematogaster alulai scrutans
                                  23. Crematogaster amabilis
                                  24. Crematogaster amabilis retiaria
                                  25. Crematogaster ambigua
                                  26. Crematogaster amita
                                  27. Crematogaster amita bushimana
                                  28. Crematogaster amita caffra
                                  29. Crematogaster amita makololo
                                  30. Crematogaster amita matabele
                                  31. Crematogaster ancipitula
                                  32. Crematogaster angusticeps
                                  33. Crematogaster arnoldi
                                  34. Crematogaster arnoldi loveridgei
                                  35. Crematogaster arthurimuelleri
                                  36. Crematogaster batesi
                                  37. Crematogaster bequaerti
                                  38. Crematogaster bequaerti atraplex
                                  39. Crematogaster bequaerti gerardi
                                  40. Crematogaster bequaerti ludia
                                  41. Crematogaster bequaerti modica
                                  42. Crematogaster bequaerti mutabilis
                                  43. Crematogaster bequaerti semiclara
                                  44. Crematogaster boera
                                  45. Crematogaster breviventris
                                  46. Crematogaster brunneipennis
                                  47. Crematogaster brunneipennis omniparens
                                  48. Crematogaster brunneipennis yorubosa
                                  49. Crematogaster buchneri
                                  50. Crematogaster buchneri composita
                                  51. Crematogaster buchneri graeteri
                                  52. Crematogaster buchneri uasina
                                  53. Crematogaster capensis
                                  54. Crematogaster capensis calens
                                  55. Crematogaster capensis tropicorum
                                  56. Crematogaster castanea
                                  57. Crematogaster castanea adusta
                                  58. Crematogaster castanea analis
                                  59. Crematogaster castanea aquila
                                  60. Crematogaster castanea arborea
                                  61. Crematogaster castanea bruta
                                  62. Crematogaster castanea busschodtsi
                                  63. Crematogaster castanea durbanensis
                                  64. Crematogaster castanea ferruginea
                                  65. Crematogaster castanea hararica
                                  66. Crematogaster castanea insidiosa
                                  67. Crematogaster castanea inversa
                                  68. Crematogaster castanea mediorufa
                                  69. Crematogaster castanea rufimembrum
                                  70. Crematogaster castanea rufonigra
                                  71. Crematogaster castanea simia
                                  72. Crematogaster castanea ulugurensis
                                  73. Crematogaster castanea yambatensis
                                  74. Crematogaster censor
                                  75. Crematogaster censor junodi
                                  76. Crematogaster chiarinii
                                  1. Crematogaster chiarinii aethiops
                                  2. Crematogaster chiarinii bayeri
                                  3. Crematogaster chiarinii cincta
                                  4. Crematogaster chiarinii nigra
                                  5. Crematogaster chiarinii sellula
                                  6. Crematogaster chiarinii subsulcata
                                  7. Crematogaster chiarinii taediosa
                                  8. Crematogaster chiarinii v-nigra
                                  9. Crematogaster chlorotica
                                  10. Crematogaster chopardi
                                  11. Crematogaster cicatriculosa
                                  12. Crematogaster clariventris
                                  13. Crematogaster clariventris biimpressa
                                  14. Crematogaster coelestis
                                  15. Crematogaster coelestis mercatori
                                  16. Crematogaster concava
                                  17. Crematogaster constructor
                                  18. Crematogaster constructor kirbyella
                                  19. Crematogaster cuvierae
                                  20. Crematogaster delagoensis
                                  21. Crematogaster delagoensis acutidens
                                  22. Crematogaster delagoensis merwei
                                  23. Crematogaster delagoensis rhodesiana
                                  24. Crematogaster depressa
                                  25. Crematogaster depressa adultera
                                  26. Crematogaster depressa fuscipennis
                                  27. Crematogaster desperans
                                  28. Crematogaster dolens
                                  29. Crematogaster donisthorpei
                                  30. Crematogaster edentula
                                  31. Crematogaster excisa
                                  32. Crematogaster excisa bomaella
                                  33. Crematogaster excisa cavinota
                                  34. Crematogaster excisa lacustris
                                  35. Crematogaster flaviventris
                                  36. Crematogaster foraminiceps
                                  37. Crematogaster foraminiceps mirmillo
                                  38. Crematogaster foraminiceps staitchi
                                  39. Crematogaster gabonensis
                                  40. Crematogaster gabonensis fuscitatis
                                  41. Crematogaster gallicola
                                  42. Crematogaster gallicola latro
                                  43. Crematogaster gallicola rauana
                                  44. Crematogaster gambiensis
                                  45. Crematogaster gambiensis krantziana
                                  46. Crematogaster gambiensis longiruga
                                  47. Crematogaster gambiensis sejuncta
                                  48. Crematogaster gambiensis transversiruga
                                  49. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri
                                  50. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri godefreyi
                                  51. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri infaceta
                                  52. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri inquieta
                                  53. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri kohliella
                                  54. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri maledicta
                                  55. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri oraclum
                                  56. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri pudica
                                  57. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri pulla
                                  58. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri rufescens
                                  59. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri sjostedti
                                  60. Crematogaster gerstaeckeri zulu
                                  61. Crematogaster gratiosa
                                  62. Crematogaster gutenbergi
                                  63. Crematogaster hemiceros
                                  64. Crematogaster homeri
                                  65. Crematogaster hottentota
                                  66. Crematogaster hottentota bassuto
                                  67. Crematogaster ilgii
                                  68. Crematogaster impressa
                                  69. Crematogaster impressa brazzai
                                  70. Crematogaster impressa maynei
                                  71. Crematogaster impressa sapora
                                  72. Crematogaster impressiceps
                                  73. Crematogaster impressiceps frontalis
                                  74. Crematogaster impressiceps longiscapa
                                  75. Crematogaster impressiceps lujana
                                  76. Crematogaster inconspicua
                                  1. Crematogaster incorrecta
                                  2. Crematogaster jeanneli
                                  3. Crematogaster jullieni
                                  4. Crematogaster juventa
                                  5. Crematogaster kachelibae
                                  6. Crematogaster kasaiensis
                                  7. Crematogaster kneri
                                  8. Crematogaster kneri behanzini
                                  9. Crematogaster kneri dakarensis
                                  10. Crematogaster kneri funerea
                                  11. Crematogaster kneri pronotalis
                                  12. Crematogaster kohli
                                  13. Crematogaster kohli winkleri
                                  14. Crematogaster laestrygon airensis
                                  15. Crematogaster lamottei
                                  16. Crematogaster lango
                                  17. Crematogaster latuka
                                  18. Crematogaster laurenti
                                  19. Crematogaster laurenti zeta
                                  20. Crematogaster libengensis
                                  21. Crematogaster libengensis rufula
                                  22. Crematogaster liengmei
                                  23. Crematogaster liengmei caculata
                                  24. Crematogaster liengmei weitzeckeri
                                  25. Crematogaster litoralis
                                  26. Crematogaster longiceps
                                  27. Crematogaster lotti
                                  28. Crematogaster luctans
                                  29. Crematogaster luctans liebknechti
                                  30. Crematogaster luctans sordidoides
                                  31. Crematogaster magitae
                                  32. Crematogaster margaritae
                                  33. Crematogaster margaritae brevarmata
                                  34. Crematogaster margaritae cupida
                                  35. Crematogaster margaritae lujae
                                  36. Crematogaster melanogaster homonyma
                                  37. Crematogaster menilekii
                                  38. Crematogaster menilekii completa
                                  39. Crematogaster menilekii occidentalis
                                  40. Crematogaster menilekii proserpina
                                  41. Crematogaster menilekii satan
                                  42. Crematogaster menilekii spuria
                                  43. Crematogaster menilekii suddensis
                                  44. Crematogaster menilekii viehmeyeri
                                  45. Crematogaster microspina
                                  46. Crematogaster mimosae
                                  47. Crematogaster mimosae tenuipilis
                                  48. Crematogaster misella
                                  49. Crematogaster monticola
                                  50. Crematogaster mottazi
                                  51. Crematogaster muralti
                                  52. Crematogaster muralti livingstonei
                                  53. Crematogaster muralti ugandensis
                                  54. Crematogaster natalensis
                                  55. Crematogaster natalensis braunsi
                                  56. Crematogaster natalensis dulcis
                                  57. Crematogaster neuvillei
                                  58. Crematogaster neuvillei cooperi
                                  59. Crematogaster nigeriensis
                                  60. Crematogaster nigeriensis wilnigra
                                  61. Crematogaster nigrans
                                  62. Crematogaster nigriceps
                                  63. Crematogaster nigriceps prelli
                                  64. Crematogaster nigriceps saganensis
                                  65. Crematogaster nigronitens
                                  66. Crematogaster ochraceiventris
                                  67. Crematogaster opaciceps
                                  68. Crematogaster opaciceps cacodaemon
                                  69. Crematogaster opaciceps clepens
                                  70. Crematogaster opaciceps defleta
                                  71. Crematogaster orobia
                                  72. Crematogaster oscaris
                                  73. Crematogaster painei
                                  74. Crematogaster paolii
                                  75. Crematogaster pauciseta
                                  76. Crematogaster pauciseta grossulior
                                  1. Crematogaster peringueyi
                                  2. Crematogaster peringueyi angustior
                                  3. Crematogaster peringueyi cacochyma
                                  4. Crematogaster peringueyi dentulata
                                  5. Crematogaster peringueyi gedeon
                                  6. Crematogaster petiolidens
                                  7. Crematogaster phoenix
                                  8. Crematogaster pseudinermis
                                  9. Crematogaster pseudinermis muellerianus
                                  10. Crematogaster pulchella
                                  11. Crematogaster rectinota
                                  12. Crematogaster resulcata
                                  13. Crematogaster retifera
                                  14. Crematogaster rivai
                                  15. Crematogaster rivai luctuosa
                                  16. Crematogaster rufigena
                                  17. Crematogaster rugosa
                                  18. Crematogaster rugosa nigriventris
                                  19. Crematogaster rugosa rugaticeps
                                  20. Crematogaster rugosior
                                  21. Crematogaster ruspolii
                                  22. Crematogaster ruspolii atriscapis
                                  23. Crematogaster rustica
                                  24. Crematogaster santschii
                                  25. Crematogaster santschii clymene
                                  26. Crematogaster schultzei
                                  27. Crematogaster senegalensis
                                  28. Crematogaster senegalensis goliathula
                                  29. Crematogaster sewellii acis
                                  30. Crematogaster sewellii marnoi
                                  31. Crematogaster similis
                                  32. Crematogaster solenopsides
                                  33. Crematogaster solenopsides costeboriensis
                                  34. Crematogaster solenopsides flavida
                                  35. Crematogaster solenopsides mandonbii
                                  36. Crematogaster solers
                                  37. Crematogaster sordidula molongori
                                  38. Crematogaster stadelmanni
                                  39. Crematogaster stadelmanni anguliceps
                                  40. Crematogaster stadelmanni angustata
                                  41. Crematogaster stadelmanni dolichocephala
                                  42. Crematogaster stadelmanni gracilenta
                                  43. Crematogaster stadelmanni intermedia
                                  44. Crematogaster stadelmanni ovinodis
                                  45. Crematogaster stadelmanni schereri
                                  46. Crematogaster stadelmanni spissata
                                  47. Crematogaster stenocephala
                                  48. Crematogaster stigmata
                                  49. Crematogaster striatula
                                  50. Crematogaster striatula benitensis
                                  51. Crematogaster striatula horatii
                                  52. Crematogaster striatula langi
                                  53. Crematogaster striatula obstinata
                                  54. Crematogaster striatula omega
                                  55. Crematogaster theta
                                  56. Crematogaster togoensis
                                  57. Crematogaster transiens
                                  58. Crematogaster transvaalensis
                                  59. Crematogaster transvaalensis hammi
                                  60. Crematogaster trautweini
                                  61. Crematogaster tricolor
                                  62. Crematogaster vidua
                                  63. Crematogaster vulcania
                                  64. Crematogaster wasmanni
                                  65. Crematogaster wellmani
                                  66. Crematogaster wellmani luciae
                                  67. Crematogaster wellmani weissi
                                  68. Crematogaster werneri
                                  69. Crematogaster werneri cacozela
                                  70. Crematogaster werneri pasithea
                                  71. Crematogaster wilwerthi
                                  72. Crematogaster wilwerthi confusa
                                  73. Crematogaster wilwerthi fauconneti
                                  74. Crematogaster zavattarii
                                  75. Crematogaster zavattarii edmeeae
                                  76. Crematogaster zonacaciae

                                  Cryptopone

                                  Only one species has been cited for the Afrotropical region Cryptopone hartwigi Arnold, 1948 from South Africa


                                  Afrotropical species

                                  1 Afrotropical species

                                  1. Cryptopone hartwigi

                                        Cyphoidris

                                        Bolton (1981)[32] revises the genus. No species have been described since then

                                        Antwiki keys are based on this reference, are valid and cover all the species for the Afrotropical Region.

                                        Keys to Species

                                        Afrotropical species

                                        Dicroaspis

                                        The genus revision by Bolton (1981)[33] is still valid as no new species has described.

                                        Antwiki key is based on that reference

                                        Keys to Species

                                        Afrotropical species

                                        Diplomorium

                                        One species recorded for the Afrotropical Region: Diplomorium longipenne

                                        Afrotropical species

                                        1 Afrotropical species

                                        1. Diplomorium longipenne

                                              Discothyrea

                                              No revision is available for the genus in the Afrotropical region


                                              Afrotropical species

                                              Dolioponera

                                              Monospecific genus: Dolioponera fustigera

                                              Afrotropical species

                                              1 Afrotropical species

                                              1. Dolioponera fustigera

                                                    Dorylus

                                                    The taxonomy of this genus is in very poor state, and no reliable keys to species are available.

                                                    A list of the taxons described and images available can be found here

                                                    Keys to Subg./Sp. Groups

                                                    Keys to Species

                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                    114 Afrotropical species

                                                    1. Dorylus acutus
                                                    2. Dorylus aethiopicus
                                                    3. Dorylus affinis
                                                    4. Dorylus affinis aegyptiacus
                                                    5. Dorylus affinis denudatus
                                                    6. Dorylus affinis exilis
                                                    7. Dorylus affinis hirsutus
                                                    8. Dorylus affinis loewyi
                                                    9. Dorylus affinis parapsidalis
                                                    10. Dorylus affinis pulliceps
                                                    11. Dorylus affinis ugandensis
                                                    12. Dorylus agressor
                                                    13. Dorylus alluaudi
                                                    14. Dorylus alluaudi lobatus
                                                    15. Dorylus atratus
                                                    16. Dorylus atriceps
                                                    17. Dorylus attenuatus
                                                    18. Dorylus attenuatus acuminatus
                                                    19. Dorylus attenuatus australis
                                                    20. Dorylus attenuatus bondroiti
                                                    21. Dorylus attenuatus latinodis
                                                    22. Dorylus bequaerti
                                                    23. Dorylus bishyiganus
                                                    24. Dorylus braunsi
                                                    25. Dorylus braunsi anceps
                                                    26. Dorylus brevipennis
                                                    27. Dorylus brevipennis marshalli
                                                    28. Dorylus brevipennis zimmermanni
                                                    29. Dorylus brevis
                                                    1. Dorylus buyssoni
                                                    2. Dorylus buyssoni conjugens
                                                    3. Dorylus congolensis
                                                    4. Dorylus conradti
                                                    5. Dorylus conradti berlandi
                                                    6. Dorylus depilis
                                                    7. Dorylus depilis clarior
                                                    8. Dorylus diadema
                                                    9. Dorylus diadema arnoldi
                                                    10. Dorylus diadema fusciceps
                                                    11. Dorylus distinctus
                                                    12. Dorylus ductor
                                                    13. Dorylus emeryi
                                                    14. Dorylus emeryi opacus
                                                    15. Dorylus erraticus
                                                    16. Dorylus faurei
                                                    17. Dorylus fimbriatus
                                                    18. Dorylus fimbriatus crampeli
                                                    19. Dorylus fimbriatus laevipodex
                                                    20. Dorylus fimbriatus poweri
                                                    21. Dorylus fulvus
                                                    22. Dorylus fulvus badius
                                                    23. Dorylus fulvus dentifrons
                                                    24. Dorylus fulvus eurous
                                                    25. Dorylus fulvus glabratus
                                                    26. Dorylus fulvus mordax
                                                    27. Dorylus fulvus obscurior
                                                    28. Dorylus funereus
                                                    29. Dorylus funereus acherontus
                                                    1. Dorylus funereus pardus
                                                    2. Dorylus funereus stygis
                                                    3. Dorylus funereus zumpti
                                                    4. Dorylus furcatus
                                                    5. Dorylus fuscipennis
                                                    6. Dorylus fuscipennis lugubris
                                                    7. Dorylus fuscipennis marginiventris
                                                    8. Dorylus gaudens
                                                    9. Dorylus ghanensis
                                                    10. Dorylus gribodoi
                                                    11. Dorylus helvolus
                                                    12. Dorylus helvolus pretoriae
                                                    13. Dorylus katanensis
                                                    14. Dorylus kohli
                                                    15. Dorylus kohli chapini
                                                    16. Dorylus kohli frenisyi
                                                    17. Dorylus kohli indocilis
                                                    18. Dorylus kohli langi
                                                    19. Dorylus kohli militaris
                                                    20. Dorylus kohli minor
                                                    21. Dorylus kohli victoriae
                                                    22. Dorylus leo
                                                    23. Dorylus mandibularis
                                                    24. Dorylus mandibularis pulchellus
                                                    25. Dorylus mayri
                                                    26. Dorylus moestus
                                                    27. Dorylus moestus claripennis
                                                    28. Dorylus moestus morio
                                                    29. Dorylus moestus schereri
                                                    1. Dorylus montanus
                                                    2. Dorylus niarembensis
                                                    3. Dorylus nigricans
                                                    4. Dorylus nigricans arcens
                                                    5. Dorylus nigricans burmeisteri
                                                    6. Dorylus nigricans molestus
                                                    7. Dorylus nigricans pallidus
                                                    8. Dorylus nigricans sjostedti
                                                    9. Dorylus nigricans sjostedtiwilverthi
                                                    10. Dorylus nigricans terrificus
                                                    11. Dorylus ocellatus
                                                    12. Dorylus politus
                                                    13. Dorylus rufescens
                                                    14. Dorylus savagei
                                                    15. Dorylus savagei mucronatus
                                                    16. Dorylus schoutedeni
                                                    17. Dorylus spininodis
                                                    18. Dorylus spininodis longiceps
                                                    19. Dorylus stadelmanni
                                                    20. Dorylus stanleyi
                                                    21. Dorylus staudingeri
                                                    22. Dorylus striatidens
                                                    23. Dorylus sudanicus
                                                    24. Dorylus termitarius
                                                    25. Dorylus titan
                                                    26. Dorylus titan vinalli
                                                    27. Dorylus wilverthi

                                                    Eburopone

                                                    One species described for the Afrotropical region: Eburopone wroughtoni Forel, 1910

                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                    1 Afrotropical species

                                                    1. Eburopone wroughtoni

                                                          Ecphorella

                                                          Monospecific genus: Ecphorella wellmani

                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                          1 Afrotropical species

                                                          1. Ecphorella wellmani

                                                                Erromyrma

                                                                Monospecific genus: Erromyrma latinodis

                                                                Afrotropical species

                                                                1 Afrotropical species

                                                                1. Erromyrma latinodis

                                                                      Euponera

                                                                      No revision is available for the Afrotropical region


                                                                      Afrotropical species

                                                                      Feroponera

                                                                      Monospecific genus: Feroponera ferox

                                                                      Afrotropical species

                                                                      1 Afrotropical species

                                                                      1. Feroponera ferox

                                                                            Fisheropone

                                                                            Monospecific genus: Fisheropone ambigua

                                                                            Afrotropical species

                                                                            1 Afrotropical species

                                                                            1. Fisheropone ambigua

                                                                                  Hagensia

                                                                                  Keys to Species

                                                                                  Afrotropical species

                                                                                  Hypoponera

                                                                                  Bolton & Fisher (2011) [34] revise the genus for the Afrotropical region. No new species has been described since then.

                                                                                  Keys to Subg./Sp. Groups

                                                                                  Keys to Species

                                                                                  Afrotropical species

                                                                                  Lepisiota

                                                                                  Complex genus, with more than 70 species and subspecies described. No revision is available

                                                                                  A comprehensive list of valid species with type images in Afrotropical Lepisiota types


                                                                                  Afrotropical species

                                                                                  76 Afrotropical species

                                                                                  1. Lepisiota affinis
                                                                                  2. Lepisiota albata
                                                                                  3. Lepisiota alexis
                                                                                  4. Lepisiota alexis dulcis
                                                                                  5. Lepisiota ambigua
                                                                                  6. Lepisiota angolensis
                                                                                  7. Lepisiota arenaria
                                                                                  8. Lepisiota arnoldi
                                                                                  9. Lepisiota arnoldi mota
                                                                                  10. Lepisiota cacozela
                                                                                  11. Lepisiota canescens
                                                                                  12. Lepisiota canescens latior
                                                                                  13. Lepisiota capensis
                                                                                  14. Lepisiota capensis acholli
                                                                                  15. Lepisiota capensis anceps
                                                                                  16. Lepisiota capensis guineensis
                                                                                  17. Lepisiota capensis issore
                                                                                  18. Lepisiota capensis junodi
                                                                                  19. Lepisiota capensis laevis
                                                                                  1. Lepisiota capensis minuta
                                                                                  2. Lepisiota capensis simplicoides
                                                                                  3. Lepisiota capensis specularis
                                                                                  4. Lepisiota capensis subopaciceps
                                                                                  5. Lepisiota capensis thoth
                                                                                  6. Lepisiota capitata
                                                                                  7. Lepisiota carbonaria
                                                                                  8. Lepisiota carbonaria baumi
                                                                                  9. Lepisiota crinita
                                                                                  10. Lepisiota curta
                                                                                  11. Lepisiota dendrophila
                                                                                  12. Lepisiota depilis
                                                                                  13. Lepisiota deplanata
                                                                                  14. Lepisiota depressa
                                                                                  15. Lepisiota egregia
                                                                                  16. Lepisiota egregia santschii
                                                                                  17. Lepisiota erythraea
                                                                                  18. Lepisiota foreli
                                                                                  19. Lepisiota foreli convexa
                                                                                  1. Lepisiota foreli impressa
                                                                                  2. Lepisiota gerardi
                                                                                  3. Lepisiota gracilicornis
                                                                                  4. Lepisiota gracilicornis abdominalis
                                                                                  5. Lepisiota hirsuta
                                                                                  6. Lepisiota hirsuta setosella
                                                                                  7. Lepisiota imperfecta
                                                                                  8. Lepisiota imperfecta congolensis
                                                                                  9. Lepisiota incisa
                                                                                  10. Lepisiota longinoda
                                                                                  11. Lepisiota megacephala
                                                                                  12. Lepisiota mlanjiensis
                                                                                  13. Lepisiota monardi
                                                                                  14. Lepisiota monardi australis
                                                                                  15. Lepisiota ngangela
                                                                                  16. Lepisiota nigrisetosa
                                                                                  17. Lepisiota nigriventris
                                                                                  18. Lepisiota obtusa
                                                                                  19. Lepisiota oculata
                                                                                  1. Lepisiota palpalis
                                                                                  2. Lepisiota piliscapa
                                                                                  3. Lepisiota piliscapa longipilosa
                                                                                  4. Lepisiota piliscapa punctifrons
                                                                                  5. Lepisiota quadraticeps
                                                                                  6. Lepisiota rubrovaria
                                                                                  7. Lepisiota rubrovaria pilosa
                                                                                  8. Lepisiota rugithorax
                                                                                  9. Lepisiota schoutedeni
                                                                                  10. Lepisiota silvicola
                                                                                  11. Lepisiota simplex
                                                                                  12. Lepisiota somalica
                                                                                  13. Lepisiota spinosior
                                                                                  14. Lepisiota spinosior ballaensis
                                                                                  15. Lepisiota spinosior natalensis
                                                                                  16. Lepisiota submetallica
                                                                                  17. Lepisiota submetallica aspera
                                                                                  18. Lepisiota tenuipilis
                                                                                  19. Lepisiota validiuscula

                                                                                  Leptanilla

                                                                                  Baroni Urbani (1977)[35] offers a key that covers the Afrotropical species known from workers (Leptanilla boltoni). The other two species (Leptanilla africana and Leptanilla australis) are known only from males


                                                                                  Afrotropical species

                                                                                  Leptogenys

                                                                                  Bolton (1975)[36] revises the genus for the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. No new species has been described since then.

                                                                                  Keys to Species

                                                                                  Afrotropical species

                                                                                  Linepithema

                                                                                  One species recorded for the Afrotropical Region: Linepithema humile

                                                                                  Afrotropical species

                                                                                  1 Afrotropical species

                                                                                  1. Linepithema humile

                                                                                        Lioponera

                                                                                        All the Afrotropical species have been transferred from Cerapachys (Borowiec 2016)[37].

                                                                                        Brown (1975)[38] revises the Afrotropical species as part of Cerapachys.

                                                                                        Antwiki key includes all the Afrotropical species except the three described only for males: Lioponera decorsei, Lioponera nigra, Lioponera similis


                                                                                        Keys to Species

                                                                                        Afrotropical species

                                                                                        Loboponera

                                                                                        Bolton & Brown (2002)[39] revises the genus and Fisher (2006)[40] adds the species Loboponera nobiliae

                                                                                        Antiwiki key covers all the species for the genus

                                                                                        Keys to Species

                                                                                        Afrotropical species

                                                                                        Megaponera

                                                                                        One species (Megaponera analis) and four subspecies (Megaponera analis crassicornis, Megaponera analis rapax, Megaponera analis subpilosa, Megaponera analis termitivora) are cited for the Afrotropical region.

                                                                                        No revision is available for the genus in the Afrotropical region, and the only key available is Santschi (1930)[41] as Megaloponera


                                                                                        Afrotropical species

                                                                                        Melissotarsus

                                                                                        Bolton (1982) [42] revises the Afrotropical species.

                                                                                        Antwiki key is based on that reference, and does not cover Melissotarsus insularis from Comoros Islands

                                                                                        Keys to Species

                                                                                        Afrotropical species

                                                                                        Meranoplus

                                                                                        Revision of the the Afrotropical species by Bolton (1981)[43] is still valid as no new species has been cited for the region.

                                                                                        Keys to Species

                                                                                        Afrotropical species

                                                                                        Mesoponera

                                                                                        No revision is available for the genus in the Afrotropical region. Santschi (1935) [44] revises the Afrotropical species, and Bernard (1953) [45] offers a key for the subgenus Xyphopelta.

                                                                                        The following is a preliminary key that should be used with caution:

                                                                                        Keys to Species

                                                                                        Afrotropical species

                                                                                        Messor

                                                                                        Bolton (1982) [46] revises the Afrotropical species.

                                                                                        This key is dated but can be useful for identifying many Messor specimens collected in the Afrotropical region, covering all the species cited (excluding Arabian Peninsula), except Messor ferreri decribed by Collingwood in 1993, and Messor incisus and Messor ruginodis whose types are lost.

                                                                                        Antwiki key is based in this revision and covers all the Afrotropical species

                                                                                        Keys to Species

                                                                                        Afrotropical species

                                                                                        Metapone

                                                                                        Genus revised worlwide by Taylor & Alpert (2016)[47]. One species present in the Afrotropical region Metapone africana Taylor & Alpert 2016


                                                                                        Afrotropical species

                                                                                        1 Afrotropical species

                                                                                        1. Metapone africana

                                                                                              Microdaceton

                                                                                              Genus revised in Bolton (2000)[48]. No new species has been described since then

                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                              Monomorium

                                                                                              No new species has been decribed since Bolton (1987)[49], who revises the genus for the Afrotropics.

                                                                                              Antwiki key is based on that reference.

                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                              135 Afrotropical species

                                                                                              1. Monomorium affabile
                                                                                              2. Monomorium afrum
                                                                                              3. Monomorium alamarum
                                                                                              4. Monomorium albopilosum
                                                                                              5. Monomorium altinode
                                                                                              6. Monomorium anceps
                                                                                              7. Monomorium angustinode
                                                                                              8. Monomorium arboreum
                                                                                              9. Monomorium areniphilum
                                                                                              10. Monomorium arnoldi
                                                                                              11. Monomorium australe
                                                                                              12. Monomorium balathir
                                                                                              13. Monomorium bequaerti
                                                                                              14. Monomorium bevisi
                                                                                              15. Monomorium bicolor
                                                                                              16. Monomorium boerorum
                                                                                              17. Monomorium boltoni
                                                                                              18. Monomorium borlei
                                                                                              19. Monomorium braunsi
                                                                                              20. Monomorium captator
                                                                                              21. Monomorium carbo
                                                                                              22. Monomorium crawleyi
                                                                                              23. Monomorium dakarense
                                                                                              24. Monomorium damarense
                                                                                              25. Monomorium delagoense
                                                                                              26. Monomorium dictator
                                                                                              27. Monomorium disertum
                                                                                              28. Monomorium disoriente
                                                                                              29. Monomorium dolatu
                                                                                              30. Monomorium drapenum
                                                                                              31. Monomorium draxocum
                                                                                              32. Monomorium ebangaense
                                                                                              33. Monomorium egens
                                                                                              34. Monomorium esharre
                                                                                              1. Monomorium excelsior
                                                                                              2. Monomorium excensurae
                                                                                              3. Monomorium exiguum
                                                                                              4. Monomorium fasciatum
                                                                                              5. Monomorium fastidium
                                                                                              6. Monomorium firmum
                                                                                              7. Monomorium floricola
                                                                                              8. Monomorium fridae
                                                                                              9. Monomorium fugelanum
                                                                                              10. Monomorium gabrielense
                                                                                              11. Monomorium guillarmodi
                                                                                              12. Monomorium guineense
                                                                                              13. Monomorium hanneli
                                                                                              14. Monomorium hannonis
                                                                                              15. Monomorium havilandi
                                                                                              16. Monomorium hercules
                                                                                              17. Monomorium herero
                                                                                              18. Monomorium hirsutum
                                                                                              19. Monomorium holothir
                                                                                              20. Monomorium ilgii
                                                                                              21. Monomorium inquietum
                                                                                              22. Monomorium invidium
                                                                                              23. Monomorium iyenasu
                                                                                              24. Monomorium jacksoni
                                                                                              25. Monomorium junodi
                                                                                              26. Monomorium katir
                                                                                              27. Monomorium kelapre
                                                                                              28. Monomorium kineti
                                                                                              29. Monomorium kitectum
                                                                                              30. Monomorium lene
                                                                                              31. Monomorium lubricum
                                                                                              32. Monomorium macrops
                                                                                              33. Monomorium madecassum
                                                                                              34. Monomorium malatu
                                                                                              1. Monomorium manir
                                                                                              2. Monomorium mantazenum
                                                                                              3. Monomorium marshi
                                                                                              4. Monomorium mavide
                                                                                              5. Monomorium mediocre
                                                                                              6. Monomorium micropacum
                                                                                              7. Monomorium mictilis
                                                                                              8. Monomorium minor
                                                                                              9. Monomorium mirandum
                                                                                              10. Monomorium musicum
                                                                                              11. Monomorium nirvanum
                                                                                              12. Monomorium nitidiventre
                                                                                              13. Monomorium notulum
                                                                                              14. Monomorium noxitum
                                                                                              15. Monomorium nuptualis
                                                                                              16. Monomorium occidentale
                                                                                              17. Monomorium ocellatum
                                                                                              18. Monomorium opacior
                                                                                              19. Monomorium opacum
                                                                                              20. Monomorium ophthalmicum
                                                                                              21. Monomorium orangiae
                                                                                              22. Monomorium osiridis
                                                                                              23. Monomorium pacis
                                                                                              24. Monomorium pallidipes
                                                                                              25. Monomorium parvinode
                                                                                              26. Monomorium paternum
                                                                                              27. Monomorium personatum
                                                                                              28. Monomorium pharaonis
                                                                                              29. Monomorium pulchrum
                                                                                              30. Monomorium rabirium
                                                                                              31. Monomorium rastractum
                                                                                              32. Monomorium rhopalocerum
                                                                                              33. Monomorium rosae
                                                                                              34. Monomorium rotundatum
                                                                                              1. Monomorium rufulum
                                                                                              2. Monomorium salomonis
                                                                                              3. Monomorium schultzei
                                                                                              4. Monomorium senegalense
                                                                                              5. Monomorium setuliferum
                                                                                              6. Monomorium shilohense
                                                                                              7. Monomorium spectrum
                                                                                              8. Monomorium speluncarum
                                                                                              9. Monomorium springvalense
                                                                                              10. Monomorium sryetum
                                                                                              11. Monomorium strangulatum
                                                                                              12. Monomorium subdentatum
                                                                                              13. Monomorium subopacum
                                                                                              14. Monomorium sutu
                                                                                              15. Monomorium symmotu
                                                                                              16. Monomorium tablense
                                                                                              17. Monomorium taedium
                                                                                              18. Monomorium tanysum
                                                                                              19. Monomorium tchelichofi
                                                                                              20. Monomorium termitarium
                                                                                              21. Monomorium termitobium
                                                                                              22. Monomorium torvicte
                                                                                              23. Monomorium trake
                                                                                              24. Monomorium tynsorum
                                                                                              25. Monomorium vaguum
                                                                                              26. Monomorium vatranum
                                                                                              27. Monomorium vecte
                                                                                              28. Monomorium viator
                                                                                              29. Monomorium vonatu
                                                                                              30. Monomorium westi
                                                                                              31. Monomorium willowmorense
                                                                                              32. Monomorium xanthognathum
                                                                                              33. Monomorium zulu

                                                                                              Myrmicaria

                                                                                              Diverse genus, with round 50 species and subspecies described for this region.

                                                                                              No revision is available for the genus in the Afrotropical region


                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                              Mystrium

                                                                                              Only one species is found in the African continent: Mystrium silvestrii, and two more for the Comoros Islands


                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                              1 Afrotropical species

                                                                                              1. Mystrium silvestrii

                                                                                                    Nesomyrmex

                                                                                                    Hita garcia et al (2016)[50] revises the genus, defining four species groups and revising one of them.

                                                                                                    The South African species were revised by Mbanyana & Robertson(2008)[51]

                                                                                                    Antwiki key mixes both references offering a complete key for all the Afrotropical species.

                                                                                                    Keys to Species

                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Nylanderia

                                                                                                    Lapolla, Hawks & Fischer (2011)[52] revision is valid, and no new species has been added since then.

                                                                                                    Antwiki keys are updated and cover all the species for the region

                                                                                                    Keys to Species

                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Ocymyrmex

                                                                                                    Bolton & Marsh (1989)[53] revision is valid, and no new species has been added since then.

                                                                                                    Antwiki keys are updated and cover all the species for the region

                                                                                                    Keys to Species

                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Odontomachus

                                                                                                    Brown 1976 [54] revises the genus. His key is modified to include the introduced species Odontomachus simillimus.

                                                                                                    Antwiki key covers the three reported species for the Afrotropical Region


                                                                                                    Keys to Species

                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Ochetellus

                                                                                                    One introduced species present Ochetellus glaber


                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Oecophylla

                                                                                                    One species present (Oecophylla longinoda) with seven subspecies. There's no recent revision available for the genus.


                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Ophthalmopone

                                                                                                    No revision is available for this region


                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Paltothyreus

                                                                                                    One species present (Paltothyreus tarsatus) with six subspecies described. There's no recent revision available for the genus.


                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Paraparatrechina

                                                                                                    Lapolla & Fisher (2014) [55] revise the genus for the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions.

                                                                                                    Antwiki key is based on that reference and covers all the species present.

                                                                                                    Keys to Species

                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Parasyscia

                                                                                                    All the Afrotropical species have been recently transferred from Cerapachys (Borowiec 2016)[56]

                                                                                                    Brown (1975)[57] revises the Afrotropical species as part of Cerapachys.

                                                                                                    Antwiki key includes the Afrotropical species except those belonging to the cribrinodis group

                                                                                                    Keys to Species

                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Paratrechina

                                                                                                    LaPolla & Fisher (2014)[58] revises the genus.

                                                                                                    Antwiki key is based on that reference and covers all the species for the Afrotropical region.

                                                                                                    Keys to Species

                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Parvaponera

                                                                                                    One widespread species present (Parvaponera darwinii) with one subspecies (Parvaponera darwinii africana).


                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    Petalomyrmex

                                                                                                    Monospecific genus: Petalomyrmex phylax

                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    1 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                    1. Petalomyrmex phylax

                                                                                                          Pheidole

                                                                                                          No revision is available for the Afrotropical region. A list of Afrotropical Pheidole by species group following Fischer et al (2012)[59] can be found HERE

                                                                                                          Fischer et al (2012)also offer a revision of the pulchella group

                                                                                                          Keys to Species

                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                          147 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                          1. Pheidole aeberlii
                                                                                                          2. Pheidole aeberlii erythraea
                                                                                                          3. Pheidole akermani
                                                                                                          4. Pheidole albidula
                                                                                                          5. Pheidole andrieui
                                                                                                          6. Pheidole areniphila
                                                                                                          7. Pheidole areniphila aurora
                                                                                                          8. Pheidole arnoldi
                                                                                                          9. Pheidole arnoldi ballaensis
                                                                                                          10. Pheidole arnoldi rufescens
                                                                                                          11. Pheidole aspera
                                                                                                          12. Pheidole aurivillii
                                                                                                          13. Pheidole aurivillii attenuata
                                                                                                          14. Pheidole aurivillii kasaiensis
                                                                                                          15. Pheidole aurivillii rubricalva
                                                                                                          16. Pheidole batrachorum
                                                                                                          17. Pheidole bequaerti
                                                                                                          18. Pheidole buchholzi
                                                                                                          19. Pheidole caffra
                                                                                                          20. Pheidole caffra abyssinica
                                                                                                          21. Pheidole caffra amoena
                                                                                                          22. Pheidole caffra bayeri
                                                                                                          23. Pheidole caffra montivaga
                                                                                                          24. Pheidole caffra senilifrons
                                                                                                          25. Pheidole capensis
                                                                                                          26. Pheidole capensis dregei
                                                                                                          27. Pheidole capensis modestior
                                                                                                          28. Pheidole capensis reddersbergensis
                                                                                                          29. Pheidole christinae
                                                                                                          30. Pheidole cicatricosa
                                                                                                          31. Pheidole clavata
                                                                                                          32. Pheidole concinna
                                                                                                          33. Pheidole corticicola
                                                                                                          34. Pheidole crassinoda
                                                                                                          35. Pheidole crassinoda pluto
                                                                                                          36. Pheidole crassinoda ruspolii
                                                                                                          37. Pheidole crassinoda sordidula
                                                                                                          1. Pheidole cuitensis
                                                                                                          2. Pheidole darwini
                                                                                                          3. Pheidole dea
                                                                                                          4. Pheidole decarinata
                                                                                                          5. Pheidole escherichii
                                                                                                          6. Pheidole excellens
                                                                                                          7. Pheidole excellens fulvobasalis
                                                                                                          8. Pheidole excellens weissi
                                                                                                          9. Pheidole foreli
                                                                                                          10. Pheidole foreli pubens
                                                                                                          11. Pheidole glabrella
                                                                                                          12. Pheidole guineensis
                                                                                                          13. Pheidole heliosa
                                                                                                          14. Pheidole hewitti
                                                                                                          15. Pheidole indica
                                                                                                          16. Pheidole irritans
                                                                                                          17. Pheidole katonae
                                                                                                          18. Pheidole kitschneri
                                                                                                          19. Pheidole kohli
                                                                                                          20. Pheidole komori
                                                                                                          21. Pheidole liengmei
                                                                                                          22. Pheidole liengmei malindana
                                                                                                          23. Pheidole liengmei micrartifex
                                                                                                          24. Pheidole liengmei shinsendensis
                                                                                                          25. Pheidole maufei
                                                                                                          26. Pheidole mayri
                                                                                                          27. Pheidole megacephala
                                                                                                          28. Pheidole megacephala atrox
                                                                                                          29. Pheidole megacephala costauriensis
                                                                                                          30. Pheidole megacephala duplex
                                                                                                          31. Pheidole megacephala ilgii
                                                                                                          32. Pheidole megacephala impressifrons
                                                                                                          33. Pheidole megacephala melancholica
                                                                                                          34. Pheidole megacephala nkomoana
                                                                                                          35. Pheidole megacephala rotundata
                                                                                                          36. Pheidole megacephala speculifrons
                                                                                                          37. Pheidole megacephala talpa
                                                                                                          1. Pheidole mentita
                                                                                                          2. Pheidole mentita pullata
                                                                                                          3. Pheidole minima
                                                                                                          4. Pheidole minima catella
                                                                                                          5. Pheidole minima faurei
                                                                                                          6. Pheidole minima malelana
                                                                                                          7. Pheidole minuscula
                                                                                                          8. Pheidole mylognatha
                                                                                                          9. Pheidole neokohli
                                                                                                          10. Pheidole nigeriensis
                                                                                                          11. Pheidole nigritella
                                                                                                          12. Pheidole nimba
                                                                                                          13. Pheidole njassae
                                                                                                          14. Pheidole njassae legitima
                                                                                                          15. Pheidole occipitalis
                                                                                                          16. Pheidole occipitalis adami
                                                                                                          17. Pheidole occipitalis neutralis
                                                                                                          18. Pheidole philippi
                                                                                                          19. Pheidole prelli
                                                                                                          20. Pheidole prelli ingenita
                                                                                                          21. Pheidole prelli redbankensis
                                                                                                          22. Pheidole pulchella
                                                                                                          23. Pheidole punctulata
                                                                                                          24. Pheidole punctulata subatrox
                                                                                                          25. Pheidole rebeccae
                                                                                                          26. Pheidole retronitens
                                                                                                          27. Pheidole rohani
                                                                                                          28. Pheidole rohani monardi
                                                                                                          29. Pheidole rohani pellax
                                                                                                          30. Pheidole rugaticeps
                                                                                                          31. Pheidole rugaticeps arabs
                                                                                                          32. Pheidole saxicola
                                                                                                          33. Pheidole scabriuscula
                                                                                                          34. Pheidole schoutedeni
                                                                                                          35. Pheidole schoutedeni platycephala
                                                                                                          36. Pheidole schultzei
                                                                                                          37. Pheidole schultzei ebangana
                                                                                                          1. Pheidole schultzei gwaaiensis
                                                                                                          2. Pheidole schultzei woodvalensis
                                                                                                          3. Pheidole sculpturata
                                                                                                          4. Pheidole sculpturata areolata
                                                                                                          5. Pheidole sculpturata berthoudi
                                                                                                          6. Pheidole sculpturata dignata
                                                                                                          7. Pheidole sculpturata particeps
                                                                                                          8. Pheidole sculpturata rhodesiana
                                                                                                          9. Pheidole sculpturata welgelegenensis
                                                                                                          10. Pheidole sculpturata zambesiana
                                                                                                          11. Pheidole semidea
                                                                                                          12. Pheidole setosa
                                                                                                          13. Pheidole sinaitica
                                                                                                          14. Pheidole speculifera
                                                                                                          15. Pheidole speculifera ascara
                                                                                                          16. Pheidole speculifera bispecula
                                                                                                          17. Pheidole speculifera cubangensis
                                                                                                          18. Pheidole spinulosa
                                                                                                          19. Pheidole spinulosa conigera
                                                                                                          20. Pheidole spinulosa messalina
                                                                                                          21. Pheidole squalida
                                                                                                          22. Pheidole strator
                                                                                                          23. Pheidole strator fugax
                                                                                                          24. Pheidole strator tabida
                                                                                                          25. Pheidole tenuinodis
                                                                                                          26. Pheidole tenuinodis bothae
                                                                                                          27. Pheidole tenuinodis robusta
                                                                                                          28. Pheidole tenuinodis sipapomae
                                                                                                          29. Pheidole termitophila
                                                                                                          30. Pheidole termitophila liberiensis
                                                                                                          31. Pheidole tricarinata
                                                                                                          32. Pheidole vanderveldi
                                                                                                          33. Pheidole variolosa
                                                                                                          34. Pheidole victoris
                                                                                                          35. Pheidole xocensis
                                                                                                          36. Pheidole xocensis bulawayensis

                                                                                                          Phrynoponera

                                                                                                          The key to workers given below is based on the genus revision by Bolton & Fisher 2008 Bolton, B. and B. L. Fisher. 2008. The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Phrynoponera Wheeler. Zootaxa. 1892:35-52

                                                                                                          Keys to Species

                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                          Plagiolepis

                                                                                                          No revision is available for the Afrotropical region


                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                          Platythyrea

                                                                                                          Brown (1975)[60] revises the genus, covering all the species for the region but Platythyrea matopoensis known only from sexuals and Platythyrea viehmeyeri.

                                                                                                          Keys to Species

                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                          Plectroctena

                                                                                                          Bolton & Brown (2002)[61] revises the genus and Fisher (2006)[62] adds the species Plectroctena thaui

                                                                                                          Antiwiki key covers all the species for the genus

                                                                                                          Keys to Species

                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                          Polyrhachis

                                                                                                          Rigato (2016)[63] revises the genus. Antwiki valid key is based on that reference.

                                                                                                          The key appearing in the former revision by Bolton (1973)[64] is conserved as OUTDATED

                                                                                                          Keys to Species

                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                          Ponera

                                                                                                          The key present in Taylor (1967)[65] covers the three species reported for the Afrotropical Region

                                                                                                          Keys to Species

                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                          2 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                          1. Ponera pennsylvanica
                                                                                                          1. Ponera swezeyi

                                                                                                              Prionopelta

                                                                                                              No revision is available for the Afrotropical region. This page contains the images for all the Afrotropical species


                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                              Pristomyrmex

                                                                                                              Wang (20003)[66] revises the genus.

                                                                                                              Antwiki key is based on that reference and covers all the Afrotropical species

                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                              Probolomyrmex

                                                                                                              No revision is available for the Afrotropical region. This page contains the images for all the Afrotropical species


                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                              Proceratium

                                                                                                              Baroni Urbani & de Andrade (2003)[67] revise the genus. Hita Garcia et al (2014)[68] revises the genus in the Afrotropical region.

                                                                                                              Keys to Subg./Sp. Groups

                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                              Promyopias

                                                                                                              Monospecific genus: Promyopias silvestrii

                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                              1 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                              1. Promyopias silvestrii

                                                                                                                    Psalidomyrmex

                                                                                                                    Bolton & Brown (2002)[69] revises the genus and the keys are valid as no new species has been added since then

                                                                                                                    Keys to Species

                                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                    Ravavy

                                                                                                                    One undescribed species from South Africa

                                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                    Santschiella

                                                                                                                    Monospecific genus: Santschiella kohli

                                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                    1 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                    1. Santschiella kohli

                                                                                                                          Simopone

                                                                                                                          Bolton & Fisher (2012) [70] revises the genus, offering a key to all the species in the Afrotropical Region

                                                                                                                          Keys to Species

                                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                          Solenopsis

                                                                                                                          No revision is available for the Afrotropical region


                                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                          Stigmatomma

                                                                                                                          No revision is available for the Afrotropical region, but separation beteween the two species belonging to this genus after Yoshimura & Fisher (2012)[71] is offered in the Antwiki key

                                                                                                                          Keys to Species

                                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                          2 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                          1. Stigmatomma pluto
                                                                                                                          1. Stigmatomma santschii

                                                                                                                              Streblognathus

                                                                                                                              The genus was revised by Robertson (2002)[72]. No species have been described since then

                                                                                                                              Antwiki key is based on that reference

                                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              Strumigenys

                                                                                                                              Bolton (2000)[73] revises the tribe in a worldwide basis.

                                                                                                                              There are two keys available for the afrotropical region, one for the species treated as Strumigenys in the revision, and other for the species treated as Pyramica and transferred to Strumigenys after the revision

                                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              139 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              1. Strumigenys adrasora
                                                                                                                              2. Strumigenys africana
                                                                                                                              3. Strumigenys agnosta
                                                                                                                              4. Strumigenys alessandrae
                                                                                                                              5. Strumigenys anarta
                                                                                                                              6. Strumigenys anorbicula
                                                                                                                              7. Strumigenys arahana
                                                                                                                              8. Strumigenys arnoldi
                                                                                                                              9. Strumigenys bartolozzii
                                                                                                                              10. Strumigenys behasyla
                                                                                                                              11. Strumigenys belial
                                                                                                                              12. Strumigenys bellatrix
                                                                                                                              13. Strumigenys bequaerti
                                                                                                                              14. Strumigenys bernardi
                                                                                                                              15. Strumigenys bitheria
                                                                                                                              16. Strumigenys cacaoensis
                                                                                                                              17. Strumigenys cavinasis
                                                                                                                              18. Strumigenys cenagra
                                                                                                                              19. Strumigenys chyatha
                                                                                                                              20. Strumigenys concolor
                                                                                                                              21. Strumigenys cryptura
                                                                                                                              22. Strumigenys dagon
                                                                                                                              23. Strumigenys datissa
                                                                                                                              24. Strumigenys depilosa
                                                                                                                              25. Strumigenys dextra
                                                                                                                              26. Strumigenys dictynna
                                                                                                                              27. Strumigenys didyma
                                                                                                                              28. Strumigenys dotaja
                                                                                                                              29. Strumigenys dromoshaula
                                                                                                                              30. Strumigenys dyshaula
                                                                                                                              31. Strumigenys emarginata
                                                                                                                              32. Strumigenys emmae
                                                                                                                              33. Strumigenys enkara
                                                                                                                              34. Strumigenys ettillax
                                                                                                                              35. Strumigenys exunca
                                                                                                                              1. Strumigenys faurei
                                                                                                                              2. Strumigenys fenkara
                                                                                                                              3. Strumigenys fisheri
                                                                                                                              4. Strumigenys fulda
                                                                                                                              5. Strumigenys gatuda
                                                                                                                              6. Strumigenys geoterra
                                                                                                                              7. Strumigenys hastyla
                                                                                                                              8. Strumigenys havilandi
                                                                                                                              9. Strumigenys helytruga
                                                                                                                              10. Strumigenys hensekta
                                                                                                                              11. Strumigenys impidora
                                                                                                                              12. Strumigenys inquilina
                                                                                                                              13. Strumigenys irrorata
                                                                                                                              14. Strumigenys karawajewi
                                                                                                                              15. Strumigenys katapelta
                                                                                                                              16. Strumigenys kerasma
                                                                                                                              17. Strumigenys korahyla
                                                                                                                              18. Strumigenys lasia
                                                                                                                              19. Strumigenys laticeps
                                                                                                                              20. Strumigenys lexex
                                                                                                                              21. Strumigenys londianensis
                                                                                                                              22. Strumigenys loveridgei
                                                                                                                              23. Strumigenys lucifuga
                                                                                                                              24. Strumigenys ludovici
                                                                                                                              25. Strumigenys lujae
                                                                                                                              26. Strumigenys malaplax
                                                                                                                              27. Strumigenys marchosias
                                                                                                                              28. Strumigenys marginata
                                                                                                                              29. Strumigenys marleyi
                                                                                                                              30. Strumigenys maxillaris
                                                                                                                              31. Strumigenys maynei
                                                                                                                              32. Strumigenys mekaha
                                                                                                                              33. Strumigenys membranifera
                                                                                                                              34. Strumigenys mesahyla
                                                                                                                              35. Strumigenys miccata
                                                                                                                              1. Strumigenys minima
                                                                                                                              2. Strumigenys minkara
                                                                                                                              3. Strumigenys mira
                                                                                                                              4. Strumigenys mormo
                                                                                                                              5. Strumigenys murshila
                                                                                                                              6. Strumigenys nimbrata
                                                                                                                              7. Strumigenys nimravida
                                                                                                                              8. Strumigenys ninda
                                                                                                                              9. Strumigenys noara
                                                                                                                              10. Strumigenys nykara
                                                                                                                              11. Strumigenys ogyga
                                                                                                                              12. Strumigenys omalyx
                                                                                                                              13. Strumigenys oxysma
                                                                                                                              14. Strumigenys pallestes
                                                                                                                              15. Strumigenys paranax
                                                                                                                              16. Strumigenys percrypta
                                                                                                                              17. Strumigenys petiolata
                                                                                                                              18. Strumigenys piliversa
                                                                                                                              19. Strumigenys placora
                                                                                                                              20. Strumigenys pretoriae
                                                                                                                              21. Strumigenys pulchella
                                                                                                                              22. Strumigenys rakkota
                                                                                                                              23. Strumigenys ravidura
                                                                                                                              24. Strumigenys relahyla
                                                                                                                              25. Strumigenys robertsoni
                                                                                                                              26. Strumigenys rogeri
                                                                                                                              27. Strumigenys roomi
                                                                                                                              28. Strumigenys rufobrunea
                                                                                                                              29. Strumigenys rukha
                                                                                                                              30. Strumigenys rusta
                                                                                                                              31. Strumigenys sahura
                                                                                                                              32. Strumigenys sardonica
                                                                                                                              33. Strumigenys sarissa
                                                                                                                              34. Strumigenys scotti
                                                                                                                              35. Strumigenys semicrypta
                                                                                                                              1. Strumigenys serrula
                                                                                                                              2. Strumigenys sharra
                                                                                                                              3. Strumigenys shaula
                                                                                                                              4. Strumigenys sibyna
                                                                                                                              5. Strumigenys simoni
                                                                                                                              6. Strumigenys sistrura
                                                                                                                              7. Strumigenys spathoda
                                                                                                                              8. Strumigenys stygia
                                                                                                                              9. Strumigenys subsessa
                                                                                                                              10. Strumigenys sulumana
                                                                                                                              11. Strumigenys synkara
                                                                                                                              12. Strumigenys syntacta
                                                                                                                              13. Strumigenys tacta
                                                                                                                              14. Strumigenys terroni
                                                                                                                              15. Strumigenys tethepa
                                                                                                                              16. Strumigenys tetragnatha
                                                                                                                              17. Strumigenys tetraphanes
                                                                                                                              18. Strumigenys thuvida
                                                                                                                              19. Strumigenys tiglath
                                                                                                                              20. Strumigenys tigrilla
                                                                                                                              21. Strumigenys tolomyla
                                                                                                                              22. Strumigenys totyla
                                                                                                                              23. Strumigenys traegaordhi
                                                                                                                              24. Strumigenys transenna
                                                                                                                              25. Strumigenys transversa
                                                                                                                              26. Strumigenys truncatidens
                                                                                                                              27. Strumigenys trymala
                                                                                                                              28. Strumigenys tukulta
                                                                                                                              29. Strumigenys ultromalyx
                                                                                                                              30. Strumigenys vazerka
                                                                                                                              31. Strumigenys vodensa
                                                                                                                              32. Strumigenys weberi
                                                                                                                              33. Strumigenys xenohyla
                                                                                                                              34. Strumigenys zandala

                                                                                                                              Syllophopsis

                                                                                                                              This genus was formerly part of Monomorium, and as such was revised for the Afrotropics by Bolton (1987)[74].

                                                                                                                              The hildebrandti group is revised for the Afrotropics by Sharaf& Aldawood (2013) [75]

                                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              Tapinolepis

                                                                                                                              No revision is available for the Afrotropical region


                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              Tapinoma

                                                                                                                              No revision is available for the Afrotropical region


                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              Technomyrmex

                                                                                                                              Bolton (2007)[76] revises the genus and offers a key for the Afrotropical region


                                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              Temnothorax

                                                                                                                              Prebus (2015)[77] revision is valid, and no new species has been added since then.

                                                                                                                              Antwiki keys are updated and cover all the species for the region

                                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              Terataner

                                                                                                                              Bolton (1981)[78] revises the genus. No species have been described since then.

                                                                                                                              Antwiki keys are based on this reference, are valid and cover all the species for the Afrotropical Region.

                                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              Tetramorium

                                                                                                                              Hyperdiverse genus which has now more than 250 described species, but future revisions will rise this number up to 500. The works by Bolton (1976)[79], (1980)[80] and (1985)[81] are still valid fo identifying the afrotropical species, but recent revisions are adding new species constantly.

                                                                                                                              A provisional list of the species groups and species complexes can be found here:

                                                                                                                              The key to species groups is based on Bolton 1980[82] adding the decem group following Hita & Fisher (2014)[83]. Due to the constant revisionary work, this key is being updated to reflect the list cited above, and must be handled with care.

                                                                                                                              The species groups are detailed here:

                                                                                                                              And the current state of each group in Antwiki is as follows:

                                                                                                                              Keys to Subg./Sp. Groups

                                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              242 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              1. Tetramorium aculeatum
                                                                                                                              2. Tetramorium africanum
                                                                                                                              3. Tetramorium agile
                                                                                                                              4. Tetramorium agna
                                                                                                                              5. Tetramorium aisha
                                                                                                                              6. Tetramorium akengense
                                                                                                                              7. Tetramorium akermani
                                                                                                                              8. Tetramorium altivagans
                                                                                                                              9. Tetramorium amatongae
                                                                                                                              10. Tetramorium amaurum
                                                                                                                              11. Tetramorium amentete
                                                                                                                              12. Tetramorium amissum
                                                                                                                              13. Tetramorium angulinode
                                                                                                                              14. Tetramorium antrema
                                                                                                                              15. Tetramorium anxium
                                                                                                                              16. Tetramorium argenteopilosum
                                                                                                                              17. Tetramorium arnoldi
                                                                                                                              18. Tetramorium asetyum
                                                                                                                              19. Tetramorium ataxium
                                                                                                                              20. Tetramorium avium
                                                                                                                              21. Tetramorium barbigerum
                                                                                                                              22. Tetramorium baufra
                                                                                                                              23. Tetramorium belgaense
                                                                                                                              24. Tetramorium bellicosum
                                                                                                                              25. Tetramorium bendai
                                                                                                                              26. Tetramorium bequaerti
                                                                                                                              27. Tetramorium berbiculum
                                                                                                                              28. Tetramorium bevisi
                                                                                                                              29. Tetramorium bicarinatum
                                                                                                                              30. Tetramorium boehmei
                                                                                                                              31. Tetramorium boltoni
                                                                                                                              32. Tetramorium bothae
                                                                                                                              33. Tetramorium brevispinosum
                                                                                                                              34. Tetramorium brigitteae
                                                                                                                              35. Tetramorium browni
                                                                                                                              36. Tetramorium bulawayense
                                                                                                                              37. Tetramorium buthrum
                                                                                                                              38. Tetramorium caldarium
                                                                                                                              39. Tetramorium calinum
                                                                                                                              40. Tetramorium camerunense
                                                                                                                              41. Tetramorium candidum
                                                                                                                              42. Tetramorium capense
                                                                                                                              43. Tetramorium capillosum
                                                                                                                              44. Tetramorium caritum
                                                                                                                              45. Tetramorium chloe
                                                                                                                              46. Tetramorium clunum
                                                                                                                              47. Tetramorium coloreum
                                                                                                                              48. Tetramorium constanciae
                                                                                                                              49. Tetramorium convexum
                                                                                                                              50. Tetramorium cristatum
                                                                                                                              51. Tetramorium critchleyi
                                                                                                                              52. Tetramorium crypticum
                                                                                                                              53. Tetramorium decem
                                                                                                                              54. Tetramorium dedefra
                                                                                                                              55. Tetramorium delagoense
                                                                                                                              56. Tetramorium desertorum
                                                                                                                              57. Tetramorium dichroum
                                                                                                                              58. Tetramorium diomandei
                                                                                                                              59. Tetramorium distinctum
                                                                                                                              60. Tetramorium do
                                                                                                                              61. Tetramorium dogieli
                                                                                                                              1. Tetramorium dolichosum
                                                                                                                              2. Tetramorium dominum
                                                                                                                              3. Tetramorium doriae
                                                                                                                              4. Tetramorium dumezi
                                                                                                                              5. Tetramorium duncani
                                                                                                                              6. Tetramorium dysderke
                                                                                                                              7. Tetramorium edouardi
                                                                                                                              8. Tetramorium elidisum
                                                                                                                              9. Tetramorium emeryi
                                                                                                                              10. Tetramorium eminii
                                                                                                                              11. Tetramorium erectum
                                                                                                                              12. Tetramorium ericae
                                                                                                                              13. Tetramorium flabellum
                                                                                                                              14. Tetramorium flaviceps
                                                                                                                              15. Tetramorium flavithorax
                                                                                                                              16. Tetramorium frenchi
                                                                                                                              17. Tetramorium frigidum
                                                                                                                              18. Tetramorium furtivum
                                                                                                                              19. Tetramorium gabonense
                                                                                                                              20. Tetramorium galoasanum
                                                                                                                              21. Tetramorium gazense
                                                                                                                              22. Tetramorium gegaimi
                                                                                                                              23. Tetramorium geminatum
                                                                                                                              24. Tetramorium gestroi
                                                                                                                              25. Tetramorium ghindanum
                                                                                                                              26. Tetramorium glabratum
                                                                                                                              27. Tetramorium gladstonei
                                                                                                                              28. Tetramorium globulinode
                                                                                                                              29. Tetramorium gracile
                                                                                                                              30. Tetramorium grandinode
                                                                                                                              31. Tetramorium granulatum
                                                                                                                              32. Tetramorium grassii
                                                                                                                              33. Tetramorium guineense
                                                                                                                              34. Tetramorium hapale
                                                                                                                              35. Tetramorium hecate
                                                                                                                              36. Tetramorium hortorum
                                                                                                                              37. Tetramorium humbloti
                                                                                                                              38. Tetramorium ictidum
                                                                                                                              39. Tetramorium imbelle
                                                                                                                              40. Tetramorium incruentatum
                                                                                                                              41. Tetramorium inezulae
                                                                                                                              42. Tetramorium intermedium
                                                                                                                              43. Tetramorium intextum
                                                                                                                              44. Tetramorium intonsum
                                                                                                                              45. Tetramorium invictum
                                                                                                                              46. Tetramorium isipingense
                                                                                                                              47. Tetramorium jauresi
                                                                                                                              48. Tetramorium jejunum
                                                                                                                              49. Tetramorium jordani
                                                                                                                              50. Tetramorium jugatum
                                                                                                                              51. Tetramorium kakamega
                                                                                                                              52. Tetramorium kestrum
                                                                                                                              53. Tetramorium khyarum
                                                                                                                              54. Tetramorium krynitum
                                                                                                                              55. Tetramorium laevithorax
                                                                                                                              56. Tetramorium legone
                                                                                                                              57. Tetramorium lerouxi
                                                                                                                              58. Tetramorium lobulicorne
                                                                                                                              59. Tetramorium longicorne
                                                                                                                              60. Tetramorium longoi
                                                                                                                              61. Tetramorium lucayanum
                                                                                                                              1. Tetramorium luteipes
                                                                                                                              2. Tetramorium luteolum
                                                                                                                              3. Tetramorium magnificum
                                                                                                                              4. Tetramorium margueriteae
                                                                                                                              5. Tetramorium matopoense
                                                                                                                              6. Tetramorium menkaura
                                                                                                                              7. Tetramorium meressei
                                                                                                                              8. Tetramorium metactum
                                                                                                                              9. Tetramorium microgyna
                                                                                                                              10. Tetramorium microps
                                                                                                                              11. Tetramorium minimum
                                                                                                                              12. Tetramorium minusculum
                                                                                                                              13. Tetramorium miserabile
                                                                                                                              14. Tetramorium mkomazi
                                                                                                                              15. Tetramorium monardi
                                                                                                                              16. Tetramorium mossamedense
                                                                                                                              17. Tetramorium mpala
                                                                                                                              18. Tetramorium muralti
                                                                                                                              19. Tetramorium muscorum
                                                                                                                              20. Tetramorium nautarum
                                                                                                                              21. Tetramorium nefassitense
                                                                                                                              22. Tetramorium nigrum
                                                                                                                              23. Tetramorium nodiferum
                                                                                                                              24. Tetramorium notiale
                                                                                                                              25. Tetramorium nube
                                                                                                                              26. Tetramorium occidentale
                                                                                                                              27. Tetramorium oculatum
                                                                                                                              28. Tetramorium opacum
                                                                                                                              29. Tetramorium osiris
                                                                                                                              30. Tetramorium parasiticum
                                                                                                                              31. Tetramorium pauper
                                                                                                                              32. Tetramorium peringueyi
                                                                                                                              33. Tetramorium perlongum
                                                                                                                              34. Tetramorium petersi
                                                                                                                              35. Tetramorium peutli
                                                                                                                              36. Tetramorium phasias
                                                                                                                              37. Tetramorium philippwagneri
                                                                                                                              38. Tetramorium pialtum
                                                                                                                              39. Tetramorium pinnipilum
                                                                                                                              40. Tetramorium platynode
                                                                                                                              41. Tetramorium plumosum
                                                                                                                              42. Tetramorium pogonion
                                                                                                                              43. Tetramorium postpetiolatum
                                                                                                                              44. Tetramorium poweri
                                                                                                                              45. Tetramorium praetextum
                                                                                                                              46. Tetramorium psymanum
                                                                                                                              47. Tetramorium pulcherrimum
                                                                                                                              48. Tetramorium pullulum
                                                                                                                              49. Tetramorium pusillum
                                                                                                                              50. Tetramorium pylacum
                                                                                                                              51. Tetramorium quadridentatum
                                                                                                                              52. Tetramorium qualarum
                                                                                                                              53. Tetramorium raptor
                                                                                                                              54. Tetramorium regulare
                                                                                                                              55. Tetramorium renae
                                                                                                                              56. Tetramorium repentinum
                                                                                                                              57. Tetramorium reptana
                                                                                                                              58. Tetramorium rhetidum
                                                                                                                              59. Tetramorium rimytyum
                                                                                                                              60. Tetramorium robertsoni
                                                                                                                              61. Tetramorium rogatum
                                                                                                                              1. Tetramorium rothschildi
                                                                                                                              2. Tetramorium rotundatum
                                                                                                                              3. Tetramorium rubrum
                                                                                                                              4. Tetramorium rufescens
                                                                                                                              5. Tetramorium saginatum
                                                                                                                              6. Tetramorium schoutedeni
                                                                                                                              7. Tetramorium semireticulatum
                                                                                                                              8. Tetramorium sepositum
                                                                                                                              9. Tetramorium sepultum
                                                                                                                              10. Tetramorium sericeiventre
                                                                                                                              11. Tetramorium sericeum
                                                                                                                              12. Tetramorium setigerum
                                                                                                                              13. Tetramorium setuliferum
                                                                                                                              14. Tetramorium shilohense
                                                                                                                              15. Tetramorium sigillum
                                                                                                                              16. Tetramorium signatum
                                                                                                                              17. Tetramorium simillimum
                                                                                                                              18. Tetramorium simulator
                                                                                                                              19. Tetramorium sitefrum
                                                                                                                              20. Tetramorium snellingi
                                                                                                                              21. Tetramorium solidum
                                                                                                                              22. Tetramorium somniculosum
                                                                                                                              23. Tetramorium squaminode
                                                                                                                              24. Tetramorium subcoecum
                                                                                                                              25. Tetramorium sudanense
                                                                                                                              26. Tetramorium surrogatum
                                                                                                                              27. Tetramorium susannae
                                                                                                                              28. Tetramorium tabarum
                                                                                                                              29. Tetramorium talpa
                                                                                                                              30. Tetramorium tanaense
                                                                                                                              31. Tetramorium tenebrosum
                                                                                                                              32. Tetramorium termitobium
                                                                                                                              33. Tetramorium thoth
                                                                                                                              34. Tetramorium titus
                                                                                                                              35. Tetramorium traegaordhi
                                                                                                                              36. Tetramorium transformans
                                                                                                                              37. Tetramorium transversinode
                                                                                                                              38. Tetramorium trimeni
                                                                                                                              39. Tetramorium trirugosum
                                                                                                                              40. Tetramorium tychadion
                                                                                                                              41. Tetramorium typhlops
                                                                                                                              42. Tetramorium ubangense
                                                                                                                              43. Tetramorium uelense
                                                                                                                              44. Tetramorium ultor
                                                                                                                              45. Tetramorium umtaliense
                                                                                                                              46. Tetramorium unicum
                                                                                                                              47. Tetramorium venator
                                                                                                                              48. Tetramorium versiculum
                                                                                                                              49. Tetramorium vexator
                                                                                                                              50. Tetramorium viticola
                                                                                                                              51. Tetramorium wadje
                                                                                                                              52. Tetramorium warreni
                                                                                                                              53. Tetramorium weitzeckeri
                                                                                                                              54. Tetramorium xuthum
                                                                                                                              55. Tetramorium yarthiellum
                                                                                                                              56. Tetramorium youngi
                                                                                                                              57. Tetramorium zambezium
                                                                                                                              58. Tetramorium zapyrum
                                                                                                                              59. Tetramorium zonacaciae

                                                                                                                              Tetraponera

                                                                                                                              The only revision for the genus is Ward (2006) [84] where he defined the species groups for the Afrotropical region and revised the ambigua group.

                                                                                                                              Keys to Subg./Sp. Groups

                                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              Trichomyrmex

                                                                                                                              This genus was formerly part of Monomorium, and as such was revised for the Afrotropics by Bolton (1987)[85].


                                                                                                                              Keys to Species

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              Vicinopone

                                                                                                                              Monospecific genus: Vicinopone conciliatrix

                                                                                                                              Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              1 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                              1. Vicinopone conciliatrix

                                                                                                                                    Wasmannia

                                                                                                                                    One species recorded for the Afrotropical Region: Wasmannia auropunctata

                                                                                                                                    Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                                    1 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                                    1. Wasmannia auropunctata

                                                                                                                                          Xymmer

                                                                                                                                          Monospecific genus: Xymmer muticus

                                                                                                                                          Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                                          1 Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                                          1. Xymmer muticus

                                                                                                                                                Zasphinctus

                                                                                                                                                Hita García et al (2017)[86] revise the genus adding three new species described from workers, besides the two Afrotropical species transferred from Sphinctomyrmex (Borowiec 2016)[87] and known only from males.


                                                                                                                                                Keys to Species

                                                                                                                                                Afrotropical species

                                                                                                                                                References

                                                                                                                                                1. LaPolla, J.S. 2004a. Acropyga of the world. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 33 (3): 1-130. PDF
                                                                                                                                                2. LaPolla, J.S. & Fisher, B.L. 2005. A remarkable new species of Acropyga from Gabon, with a key to the Afrotropical species. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (4) 56: 601-605. PDF
                                                                                                                                                3. Prins, A. J. 1983. A new ant genus from southern Africa (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 94: 1-11 PDF
                                                                                                                                                4. Fisher, B. L.; Bolton, B. 2016. Ants of Africa and Madagascar, a guide to the genus. University of California Press. 503pp.
                                                                                                                                                5. Brown, W. L., Jr. 1978c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography. Stud. Entomol. 20: 549-638 PDF
                                                                                                                                                6. Prins, A. J. 1982. Review of Anoplolepis with reference to male genitalia, and notes on Acropyga (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 89: 215-247 PDF
                                                                                                                                                7. Hawkes, P.G. 2010. A new species of Asphinctopone from Tanzania. Zootaxa 2480: 27-36. PDF
                                                                                                                                                8. BOLTON, B. & FISHER, B.L. 2008a. The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Asphinctopone Santschi. Zootaxa 1827: 53-61. PDF
                                                                                                                                                9. Bolton, B. 1981b. A revision of six minor genera of Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 43: 245-307 PDF
                                                                                                                                                10. Snelling, R. R. 1992a. Two unusual new myrmicine ants from Cameroon (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Camb.) 99: 95-101 PDF
                                                                                                                                                11. Snelling, R. R. 2007. A review of the arboreal Afrotropical ant genus Axinidris. Pages 551-579 in Snelling, R. R., B. L. Fisher and P. S. Ward. Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E.O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 80, PDF
                                                                                                                                                12. Fernández, F. 2003b. Revision of the myrmicinae ants of the Adelomyrmex genus-group. Zootaxa 361: 1-52. [19.xi.2003.] PDF
                                                                                                                                                13. Hawkes, P. G. 2018 A new species of Boloponera from Sekhukhuneland, South Africa (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Ponerinae)ZooKeys 798: 23–44. [[doi:10.3897/zookeys.798.28606]
                                                                                                                                                14. Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 54: 263-452 PDF
                                                                                                                                                15. Joma, A.M.A. & Mackay, W.P. 2015. Revision of the African ants of the Bothroponera pumicosa species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae). Sociobiology 62: 538-563 (DOI: 10.13102/sociobiology.v62i4.845).
                                                                                                                                                16. Joma, A.M.A. & Mackay, W.P. 2015. Revision of the African ants of the Bothroponera sulcata species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 143: 7-71
                                                                                                                                                17. Wheeler, W. M. 1922b. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. II. The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 39-269 PDF
                                                                                                                                                18. Bolton, B. 1981a. A revision of the ant genera Meranoplus F. Smith, Dicroaspis Emery and Calyptomyrmex Emery (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 42: 43-81
                                                                                                                                                19. Robertson, H. G.; Zachariades, C. 1997. Revision of the Camponotus fulvopilosus (De Geer) species-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Afr. Entomol. 5: 1-18 PDF
                                                                                                                                                20. Rigato, F. 2002. Three new Afrotropical Cardiocondyla Emery, with a revised key to the workers (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 134: 167-173 PDF
                                                                                                                                                21. * Seifert, B. 2003a. The ant genus Cardiocondyla (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) - a taxonomic revision of the C. elegans, C. bulgarica, C. batesii, C. nuda, C. shuckardi, C. stambuloffii, C. wroughtonii, C. emeryi, and C. minutior species groups. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien. B. Bot. Zool. 104(B): 203-338 PDF
                                                                                                                                                22. Fischer, G.; Azorsa, F.; Fisher, B. L. 2014. The ant genus Carebara Westwood (Hymenoptera, Formicidae): synonymisation of Pheidologeton Mayr under Carebara, establishment and revision of the C. polita species group. ZooKeys 438:57-112. PDF
                                                                                                                                                23. Fischer, G.; zorsa, F.; Hita Garcia, F.; Mikheyev, A.; Economo, E. 2015. Two new phragmotic ant species from Africa: morphology and next-generation sequencing solve a caste association problem in the genus Carebara Westwood. ZooKeys 525:77–105. PDF
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                                                                                                                                                31. Bolton, B. and B. L. Fisher. 2008. Afrotropical ants of the ponerine genera Centromyrmex Mayr, Promyopias Santschi gen. rev. and Feroponera gen. n., with a revised key to genera of African Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1929: 1-37
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                                                                                                                                                33. Bolton, B. 1981a. A revision of the ant genera Meranoplus F. Smith, Dicroaspis Emery and Calyptomyrmex Emery (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 42: 43-81
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                                                                                                                                                37. Borowiec, M.L. 2016. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dorylinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 608: 1-280 (doi: 10.3897/zookeys.608.9427)
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                                                                                                                                                47. *Taylor, R. W.; Alpert, G. D. 2016. The myrmicine ant genus Metapone Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): a global taxonomic review with descriptions of twelve new species. Zootaxa 4105(6):501-545. [2016-04-27] PDF
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                                                                                                                                                50. *Hita Garcia F., Mbanyana N., Audisio T.L. & Alpert G.D. 2017. Taxonomy of the ant genus Nesomyrmex Wheeler (Formicidae, Myrmicinae) in the Afrotropical region, with a review of current species groups and description of a new species of the N. angulatus group from Mozambique. European Journal of Taxonomy 258: 1–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2017.258
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                                                                                                                                                70. *Bolton, B. & Fisher, B.L. 2012. Taxonomy of the cerapachyine ant genera Simopone Forel, Vicinopone gen. n. and Tanipone gen. n. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa. 3283:1–101. PDF
                                                                                                                                                71. Yoshimura, M. & Fisher, B.L. 2012a. A revision of male ants of the Malagasy Amblyoponinae, with resurrections of the genera Stigmatomma and Xymmer. PloS ONE 7(3): 23 pp. e33325. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone 0033325. PDF
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                                                                                                                                                79. Bolton, B. 1976. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Constituent genera, review of smaller genera and revision of Triglyphothrix Forel. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology. 34: 281-379 PDF
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                                                                                                                                                84. Ward, P. S. 2006. The ant genus Tetraponera in the Afrotropical region: synopsis of species groups and revision of the T. ambigua-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8:119-130.
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                                                                                                                                                86. [[Hita Garcia F, Fischer G, Liu C, Audisio TL, Economo EP (2017) Next-generation morphological character discovery and evaluation: an X-ray micro-CT enhanced revision of the ant genus Zasphinctus Wheeler (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dorylinae) in the Afrotropics. ZooKeys 693: 33–93. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.693.13012]]
                                                                                                                                                87. Borowiec, M.L. 2016. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dorylinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 608: 1-280 (doi: 10.3897/zookeys.608.9427)]