Iridomyrmex brennani

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Iridomyrmex brennani
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Genus: Iridomyrmex
Species: I. brennani
Binomial name
Iridomyrmex brennani
Heterick & Shattuck, 2011

Iridomyrmex brennani side view

Iridomyrmex brennani top view

Iridomyrmex brennani is a rather handsome, medium-sized Iridomyrmex that has been collected rarely in the Kambalda district of Western Australia, near Lake Acraman, in the Gawler Range, South Australia and in the Murray Sunset National Park of north-western Victoria. Terrestrial foragers only have been collected and it is commonly associated with salt lakes (A. Andersen, pers. comm.).

Identification

This species is superficially similar to Iridomyrmex anceps, but its almost glabrous pro- and mesonotum and variegated black-and-dark-reddish-brown body are distinctive.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • brennani. Iridomyrmex brennani Heterick & Shattuck, 2011: 53, figs. 18, 93 (w.) AUSTRALIA.

Type Material

Description

Worker Description. Head. Posterior margin of head weakly concave; erect setae on posterior margin absent; sides of head noticeably convex; erect genal setae absent from sides of head in full-face view (one to a few small setae may be present near mandibular insertion). Ocelli absent; in full-face view, eyes set at about midpoint of head capsule; in profile, eye set anteriad of head capsule; eye elongate, or asymmetrical, curvature of inner eye margin more pronounced than that of its outer margin. Frontal carinae straight; antennal scape surpassing posterior margin of head by approximately 3 x its diameter. Erect setae on scape absent, except at tip; prominence on anteromedial clypeal margin projecting as triangular spur; mandible elongate triangular with oblique basal margin; long, curved setae on venter of head capsule absent. Mesosoma. pronotum weakly undulant or almost straight. Erect pronotal setae lacking or very minute (one or two tiny setae may be present). Mesonotum sinuous. Erect mesonotal setae sparse to absent. Mesothoracic spiracles prominent or inconspicuous; propodeal dorsum straight and long (half as long again as length of propodeal declivity); placement of propodeal spiracle mesad, more than its diameter away from propodeal declivity; propodeal angle weakly present or absent, the confluence of the dorsal and declivitous propodeal faces indicated, if at all, by an undulation. Erect propodeal setae sparse to absent. Petiole. Dorsum of node planar; node thick, orientation more-or-less vertical. Gaster. Non-marginal erect setae of gaster absent on first gastral tergite; marginal erect setae of gaster absent on first tergite. General characters. Allometric differences between workers of same nest absent. Colour of genae and clypeal area brick-red, rest of body reddish-black. Colour of erect setae whitish.

Measurements. Worker (n = 2)—CI 84–85; EI 27–27; EL 0.34–0.35; EW 0.26–0.26; HFL 2.30–2.32; HL 1.52–1.55; HW 1.29–1.30; ML 2.02–2.11; MTL 1.72–1.77; PpH 0.26–0.26; PpL 0.77–0.79; SI 117–117; SL 1.51– 1.53.

Etymology

Named in honour of Dr. Karl Brennan, who collected specimens of the ant in the Kambalda district while studying for his PhD at Curtin University of Technology.

References