Iridomyrmex gumnos

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Iridomyrmex gumnos
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Genus: Iridomyrmex
Species: I. gumnos
Binomial name
Iridomyrmex gumnos
Heterick & Shattuck, 2011

Iridomyrmex gumnos side view

Iridomyrmex gumnos top view

Nothing is known about the ecology of the ant. The South Australian material was collected by PJM Greenslade in 1977. Nothing is known about how the three New South Wales workers were collected.

Identification

As with several other Iridomyrmex known only from one or two series, this taxon requires more material for a solid confirmation of its status as a bona fide species. The only known material is a single pin of two workers from 50 km S of Olary, South Australia, and one of three workers collected at Nymagee, New South Wales, 45 years ago. Apart from the characters used for a diagnosis—the absence of erect setae on the pronotum, the concave posterior margin of the head, the lack of iridescence on the gaster, and the antennal scape, which extends 2 × its diameter beyond the posterior margin of the head—the ant is unremarkable. In appearance, leaving aside the glabrous pronotum, the workers look pretty much like many workers of Iridomyrmex chasei or Iridomyrmex victorianus.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • gumnos. Iridomyrmex gumnos Heterick & Shattuck, 2011: 86, fig. 39 (w.) AUSTRALIA.

Type Material

Description

Worker Description. Head. Posterior margin of head weakly concave, or strongly concave; erect setae on posterior margin in full-face view, present singly or as a couple of setae on either side of posterior margin of head, or absent; sides of head noticeably convex; erect genal setae absent from sides of head in full-face view (one to a few small setae may be present near mandibular insertion). In full-face view, eyes set at about midpoint of head capsule; in profile, eye set anteriad of head capsule; eye semi-circular, or asymmetrical, curvature of inner eye margin more pronounced than that of its outer margin. Frontal carinae straight; antennal scape surpassing posterior margin of head by approximately 2 x its diameter. Erect setae on scape absent, except at tip; prominence on anteromedial clypeal margin always completely absent; mandible regularly triangular with oblique basal margin; long, curved setae on venter of head capsule absent. Mesosoma. Pronotum strongly inclined anteriorly. Erect pronotal setae lacking or very minute (one or two tiny setae may be present). Mesonotum evenly curved. Erect mesonotal setae sparse to absent. Mesothoracic spiracles always inconspicuous; propodeal dorsum straight and short (equal in length to propodeal declivity); placement of propodeal spiracle posteriad and near propodeal declivity; propodeal angle present as a bluntly defined right angle, the dorsal and declivitous propodeal faces never separated by a carina. Erect propodeal setae lacking or very minute (one or two tiny setae present). Petiole. Dorsum of node convex; node thin, scale-like, orientation more-or-less vertical. Gaster. Non-marginal erect setae of gaster absent on first gastral tergite; marginal erect setae of gaster absent on first tergite. General characters. Allometric differences between workers of same nest absent. Colour Light brown. Colour of erect setae pale, yellowish.

Measurements. Worker (n = 3)—CI 93–94; EI 26–27; EL 0.18–0.18; EW 0.14–0.15; HFL 0.78–0.80; HL 0.73–0.76; HW 0.68–0.70; ML 0.88–0.89; MTL 0.55–0.58; PpH 0.15–0.16; PpL 0.40–0.41; SI 95–99; SL 0.64– 0.69.

Etymology

Latin: ‘nude’.

References