Iridomyrmex obscurior

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Iridomyrmex obscurior
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Genus: Iridomyrmex
Species: I. obscurior
Binomial name
Iridomyrmex obscurior
Forel, 1902

Iridomyrmex obscurior side view

Iridomyrmex obscurior top view

Label data reveals similar habitat preferences to Iridomyrmex mayri, and, like that ant, I. obscurior will also attend caterpillars of Jalmenus evagoras. This species was discussed by Shattuck (1996), in his revision of the I. discors species-group, but I. obscurior is actually not closely related to I. discors.

Identification

Iridomyrmex obscurior is most similar to Iridomyrmex mayri, but has a shorter antenna. In the field, most workers also lack the pale blue or purple iridescence usually seen in I. mayri. Preserved worker material can also be confused with large workers of Iridomyrmex omalonotus, but there is little if any biogeographical overlap between the two species, and body size together with the structure of the propodeum are determinative. Specimens of Iridomyrmex suchieri (‘Iridomyrmex obscurus’) are also similar, but this is a much smaller ant (HW ≤ 0.95mm) with an antennal scape that does not extend much beyond the head capsule.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

The range of I. obscurior is approximately the same as that of Iridomyrmex mayri, except that the ant does not occur much north of Brisbane, and the original type material was collected at Ballarat, Victoria.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • obscurior. Iridomyrmex discors var. obscurior Forel, 1902h: 465 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Raised to species: Shattuck, 1996a: 42. See also: Heterick & Shattuck, 2011: 115.

Type Material

Description

Worker Description. Head. Posterior margin of head weakly concave; erect setae on posterior margin in full- face view set in a row; sides of head noticeably convex; erect genal setae present on sides of head in full-face view. Ocelli absent; in full-face view, eyes set at about midpoint of head capsule; in profile, eye set anteriad of head capsule; eye semi-circular. Frontal carinae convex; antennal scape surpassing posterior margin of head by approximately 3 x its diameter, or surpassing posterior margin of head by approximately 2 x its diameter. Erect setae on scape present and abundant, or present and sparse; prominence on anteromedial clypeal margin projecting as blunt but distinct protuberance; mandible elongate triangular with oblique basal margin; long, curved setae on venter of head capsule absent. Mesosoma. Pronotum moderately and evenly curved over its length. Erect pronotal setae numerous (12 or more), short and bristly. Mesonotum straight. Erect mesonotal setae numerous (12 or more), short and bristly. Mesothoracic spiracles always inconspicuous; propodeal dorsum smoothly and evenly convex; placement of propodeal spiracle mesad, more than its diameter away from propodeal declivity; propodeal angle weakly present or absent, the confluence of the dorsal and declivitous propodeal faces indicated, if at all, by an undulation. Erect propodeal setae numerous (12 or more), short and bristly. Petiole. Dorsum of node convex; node thin, scale- like, orientation more-or-less vertical. Gaster. Non-marginal erect setae of gaster present on first gastral tergite; marginal erect setae of gaster present on first tergite. General characters. Allometric differences between workers of same nest absent. Colour medium to dark reddish-brown, gaster may be darker than foreparts, iridescence (weak greenish or bluish) confined to gaster. Colour of erect setae white or whitish. In some Victorian specimens mesosoma distinctly lighter than head, while it is only slightly lighter in other Victorian specimens as well as more northern populations.

Measurements. Worker (n = 11)—CI 91–93; EI 22–23; EL 0.25–0.27; EW 0.15–0.16; HL 1.19–1.29; HW 1.10–1.19; ML 0.52–0.57; PpH 0.16–0.18; PpL 0.64–0.68; SI 100–105; SL 1.14–1.19.

References