Key to Camponotus of Turkey

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This worker key is based on: Karaman, C.; Aktaç, N. 2013. Descriptions of four new species of Camponotus Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a key for the worker caste of the Camponotus of Turkey. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 86(1):36-56. PDF

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1

  • In soldiers, head truncated anteriorly as in queen (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5a); in minor workers, propodeal dorsum transversally concave; petiole dorsum concave in frontal view; dimorphic species NW Africa; Caucasus; Crimea; Cyprus; Southern and Central Europe (until to Poland); Kopet Dag; Middle East; Ukraine; Turkey . . . . . Colobopsis truncata
Camponotus truncatus casent0179881 p 1 high.jpg
  • Workers’ head not truncated anteriorly; with different characteristics combined . . . . . 2
Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5

2

return to couplet #1

  • Metanotal groove absent; mesosoma in profile quite convex; propodeal dorsum meets propodeal declivity at an obtuse angle . . . . . 18
  • Metanotal groove always present; propodeal dorsum meets declivity at an acute angle . . . . . 3

3

return to couplet #2

  • Whole body (especially gaster) densely punctured, appears dull . . . . . 4
  • Whole body (especially gaster) weakly punctured or reticulate, appears more or less shiny . . . . . 8

4

return to couplet #3

  • Dorsal surface of mesosoma only with metanotal suture (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5b, c) . . . . . 5
  • Dorsal surface of mesosoma at least with shallow metanotal groove (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5f, g) . . . . . 7

5

return to couplet #4

Camponotus aegaeus casent0179874 p 1 high.jpg

6

return to couplet #5

  • Mandible, scape, and legs red; occipital corners and scape without erect hairs; petiole weakly sculptured and more or less shiny; whole body with scarce erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5b, d) . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) aktaci
  • Mandible, scape and legs dark brown-black or black; occipital corners and scape with erect hairs; petiole coarsely sculptured and dull; whole body with long, abundant erect hairs Cyprus; Greece; Iran; Israel; Lebanon; Turkey (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5c) . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) libanicus
Camponotus libanicus casent0906053 p 1 high.jpg

7

return to couplet #4

Camponotus kiesenwetteri casent0179872 p 1 high.jpg
Camponotus boghossiani casent0281575 p 1 high.jpg

8

return to couplet #3

  • Body color different, at least some parts of mesosoma reddish . . . . . 11

9

return to couplet #8

  • Dorsum of mesosoma with deep metanotal groove NW Africa; Caucasus; Southern and Central Europe, Southeastern Europe; northern Kazakhstan; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) piceus
Camponotus piceus casent0173136 profile 1.jpg
  • Dorsum of mesosoma with shallow metanotal groove or with suture (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5d, e) . . . . . 10

10

return to couplet #9

  • Dorsum of propodeum meets declivity at a rounded blunt angle; mesosoma and gaster with abundant erect hairs NW Africa (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5d); Armenia; Southern Europe; Iraq; Iran; Israel; Lebanon; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) gestroi
Camponotus gestroi casent0179873 p 1 high.jpg
  • Dorsum of propodeum meets declivity at an acute angle (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5e); mesosoma and gaster with scarce erect hairs Middle East . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) abrahami
Camponotus abrahami casent0910439 p 1 high.jpg

11

return to couplet #8

  • Dorsum of mesosoma with metanotal groove (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5f, g) . . . . . 12
  • Dorsum of mesosoma without metanotal groove, only metanotal suture present . . . . . 17

12

return to couplet #11

  • Especially in minor workers metanotal groove quite deep; petiole rather low; first gastral tergite brownish red and lighter than other gastric segment . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) anatolicus
  • In minor workers, metanotal groove more shallow; petiole high; whole gaster dark brown to black . . . . . 13

13

return to couplet #12

  • Erect hairs present only on posterior part of propodeal dorsum, subdecumbent hairs absent (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5f) . . . . . 14
  • Whole propodeal dorsum with erect and/or subdecumbent hairs . . . . . 15

14

return to couplet #13

  • Head and mesosoma red (head can be partly brownish) NW Africa; Crimea; Caucasus; Southern and Central Europe; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) lateralis
Camponotus lateralis casent0080857 profile 1.jpg
  • Head brownish to black, mesosoma red or only pronotum red, rest of the mesosoma brownish black Bosnia and Hercegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia; Switzerland; Syria; Turkey. . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) dalmaticus
Camponotus dalmaticus casent0080781 profile 1.jpg

15

return to couplet #13

  • Occipital corners with erect hairs; scape with more than 5 erect hairs . . . . . 16
  • Occipital corners and scape without erect hairs in minor workers, occipital corners bare or with one short erect hair; scape with at most 3 erect hairs in major workers . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) honaziensis
Camponotus honaziensis casent0914262 p 1 high.jpg

16

return to couplet #15

  • Dorsum of pronotum and mesonotum with abundant erect hairs; propodeal dorsum with abundant erect and short subdecumbent hairs . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) hirtus
  • Dorsum of pronotum and mesonotum with sparse erect hairs; posterior part of propodeal dorsum with erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5g) Croatia; Greece; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) candiotes
Camponotus candiotes casent0281578 p 1 high.jpg

17

return to couplet #11

Camponotus vogti casent0249881 p 1 high.jpg
Camponotus kurdistanicus antweb1008056 p 1 high.jpg

18

return to couplet #2

  • Anterior margin of clypeus rounded, does not form a small subrectangular lobe beyond the genal margins (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5h) . . . . . 19
  • Anterior margin of clypeus extended and forms a small subrectangular lobe beyond the genal margins (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5j; 6b, f, h) . . . . . 24
Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6

19

return to couplet #18

20

return to couplet #19

  • Genae, lateral sides of head, occipital corners, and scape with short erect hairs; mesosoma and gaster with long, abundant erect hairs Hungary; Italy; Romania; Slovenia; Turkish Thrace (European part of Turkey) . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) tergestinus
Camponotus tergestinus casent0010030 p 1 high.jpg
  • Genae, lateral sides of head, occipital corners, and scape without erect hairs; mesosoma and gaster with long, scarce erect hairs Europe, Georgia, Iran, Israel, northwestern Kazakhstan, Morocco, southern part of Siberia, Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmentoma) fallax

21

return to couplet #19

  • Body bicolored, mesosoma red, head and gaster black except for anterior part of first gastral segment which lighter than rest of gaster . . . . . 23

22

return to couplet #21

  • Anterior margin of clypeus notched medially (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5i) Iraq; Israel; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus cilicicus
Camponotus cilicicus casent0905193 p 1 high.jpg
  • Anterior margin of clypeus without median notch NW Africa; Caucasus; Europe (until southern Sweden and Finland); N. Kazakhstan; until the Altai mountains in Asia; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus vagus
Camponotus vagus casent0008640 profile 1.jpg

23

return to couplet #21

  • Anterior half of the first gaster segment reddish, the rest of the gaster black Caucasus; Europe; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus ligniperda
Camponotus ligniperda casent0173649 profile 1.jpg
  • Whole gaster black or only reddish spot at anterior of first segment of gaster Caucasus; Northern and Eastern Europe; southern and central European Mountains; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Siberia; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus herculeanus
Camponotus herculeanus casent0103345 profile 1.jpg

24

return to couplet #18

  • Gaster with short, dense, thick, decumbent pilosity, hairs 3–3.5 times longer than the distance between each other southern Caucasus; Iran; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Myrmosericus) armeniacus
Camponotus armeniacus antweb1008053 p 1 high.jpg
  • Gaster with much sparser and shorter, decumbent pilosity, hairs at most 2.5 times longer than the distance between each other . . . . . 25

25

return to couplet #24

  • Tibiae ventrally with a row of bristles (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5k) . . . . . 26

26

return to couplet #25

  • Gaster with abundant, decumbent pilosity and erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6a); tibiae with abundant subdecumbent hairs . . . . . 27
  • Gaster with sparse decumbent pilosity and erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6c, d); tibia without subdecumbent hairs . . . . . 29

27

return to couplet #26

  • Basal part of gaster yellow to yellowish red and always lighter than dark brown-black rest of gaster Bulgaria; Cyprus; Greece; Italy; Serbia; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) samius
Camponotus samius casent0905290 p 1 high.jpg

28

return to couplet #37

  • Genae, antennal scape and tibiae with abundant erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 5j); head and gaster black, mesosoma red Middle East; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) festai
Camponotus festai casent0905286 p 1 high.jpg
  • Genae, antennal scape and tibiae without erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6b); whole body unicolored, black Bulgaria; Greece; Serbia; Turkey . . . . . Campontus (Tanaemyrmex) ionius
Camponotus ionius casent0905287 p 1 high.jpg

29

return to couplet #26

30

return to couplet #29

Camponotus aethiops casent0179459 p 1 high.jpg
Camponotus oertzeni casent0249625 p 1 high.jpg

31

return to couplet #29

  • Ventral surface of head with erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6c) . . . . . 32
  • Ventral surface of head without erect hairs, only in major workers of C. sanctus 1–2 erect hairs present near foramen magnum (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6d) . . . . . 34

32

return to couplet #31

  • Whole body unicolored, brownish black to black Arabian Peninsula; Egypt; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) fellah
Camponotus fellah casent0905293 p 1 high.jpg
  • At least lower parts of mesosoma lighter than head and gaster . . . . . 33

33

return to couplet #32

Camponotus sylvaticus casent0906060 p 1 high.jpg
Camponotus baldaccii casent0179862 p 1 high.jpg

34

return to couplet #31

  • Basal part of gaster yellow or reddish yellow, rest of gaster black . . . . . 35

35

return to couplet #34

  • Ventral surface of head always bare in major workers; head reddishbrown to brownish in minor workers . . . . . 36
  • Ventral surface of head bare or generally 1–2 erect hairs near foramen magnum in major workers; head yellow to reddish-yellow in minor workers Afghanistan; Bulgaria; Cyprus; Greece; Iran; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) sanctus
Camponotus sanctus casent0179882 p 1 high.jpg

36

return to couplet #35

  • Mesosoma dorsum with more than 12 erect hairs; petiole dorsum steeply convex N. Africa; Kuwait; Oman; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen . . . . . Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) thoracicus
  • Mesosomal dorsum with at most 10 erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6e) ; petiole dorsum weakly convex or straight N Africa; Middle East; Iran; Oman; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates . . . . . Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) oasium
Camponotus oasium casent0249629 p 1 high.jpg

37

return to couplet #25

  • Genae and occipital corners with erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6f, h) . . . . . 38
Camponotus variegatus casent0103245 profile 1.jpg

38

return to couplet #37

  • Extensor surface of tibiae and scape with abundant, subdecumbent and erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6f); whole body with abundant hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6g) Afghanistan; Armenia; Iran; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Pamir; Tajikistan; Tibet; Transcaucasia; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) buddhae
Camponotus buddhae casent0249970 p 1 high.jpg
  • Extensor surface of tibiae with only appressed pilosity; antennal scape bare (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6h); whole body with sparse erect hairs (Karaman and Aktac, 2013. Figure 6i) Iran; Iraq; Turkey . . . . . Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) shaqualavensis
Camponotus shaqualavensis antweb1008057 p 1 high.jpg