Key to Oriental Leptogenys

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This worker key is based on: Xu, Z.-H., He and Q.-J. 2015. Taxonomic review of the ponerine ant genus Leptogenys Roger, 1861 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with a key to the Oriental species. Myrmecological News. 21:137-161.

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Leptogenys

1

  • Mandibles long and narrow, arched and pointed, without distinct masticatory margin . . . . . 2
  • Mandibles long and narrow or short and broad, always with a distinct oblique masticatory margin . . . . . 3

2

return to couplet #1

  • Head, mesosoma and gaster finely punctate, not pruinose (Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Madagascar) . . . . . Leptogenys falcigera
Leptogenys falcigera casent0003814 head 1.jpg
Leptogenys falcigera casent0003814 profile 1.jpg
  • Head, mesosoma and gaster densely pruinose, not punctate (Sri Lanka) . . . . . Leptogenys pruinosa
Leptogenys pruinosa casent0281920 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys pruinosa casent0281920 p 1 high.jpg

3

return to couplet #1

  • Masticatory margin of mandible with more than two teeth and denticles in addition to the apical one . . . . . 4
  • Masticatory margin of mandible usually edentate, at most with one tooth in addition to the apical one . . . . . 17

4

return to couplet #3

  • Head dorsum rugose throughout. First gastral segment coarsely retirugose (Vietnam, Myanmar) . . . . . Leptogenys aspera
Leptogenys aspera casent0281940 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys aspera casent0281940 p 1 high.jpg
  • Head dorsum punctate or mostly smooth and shiny, if anteriorly striate then at least posterior half smooth and shiny. First gastral segment smooth and shiny . . . . . 5

5

return to couplet #4

  • Head quadrate or subquadrate in full-face view, about as broad as long. Petiolar node longitudinally compressed and squamiform in lateral view, acute at summit, without distinct dorsal margin, the node above anterior and posterior articulations at least 2 times as broad as long in dorsal view . . . . . 6
  • Head rectangular in full-face view, distinctly longer than broad. Petiolar node longitudinally thickened or elongate, roughly triangular or cubical in lateral view, dorsal margin long or narrowly convex, always distinct, the node above anterior and posterior articulations at most 1.5 times as broad as long in dorsal view . . . . . 8

6

return to couplet #5

  • Head dorsum sparsely punctate throughout. Posterior head margin straight in full-face view. Apex of clypeus acutely toothed (India) . . . . . Leptogenys dentilobis
Leptogenys dentilobis casent0902609 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys dentilobis casent0902609 p 1 high.jpg
  • Head dorsum smooth and shiny. Posterior head margin weakly to strongly concave in full-face view. Apex of clypeus convex . . . . . 7

7

return to couplet #6

  • Posterior head margin weakly concave, anterior half of head dorsum longitudinally striate, the striations reaching posterior eye margin. Antennal segments 4 - 6 about as broad as long. Subpetiolar process broad and triangular. Body color reddish brown (Myanmar, India; China: Yunnan, Hainan) . . . . . Leptogenys birmana
Leptogenys birmana casent0281921 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys birmana casent0281921 p 1 high.jpg
  • Posterior head margin strongly concave, anterior third of head dorsum longitudinally striate, the striations not reaching posterior eye margin. Antennal segments 4-6 longer than broad. Subpetiolar process narrow and cuneiform. Body color brownish black (India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) . . . . . Leptogenys processionalis
Leptogenys processionalis casent0217534 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys processionalis casent0217534 p 1 high.jpg

8

return to couplet #5

  • Petiolar node longitudinally elongate and horizontally triangular, distinctly longer than high in lateral view, about twice as long as broad in dorsal view. Masticatory margin of mandible with 14 irregular teeth and denticles (Laos) . . . . . Leptogenys khammouanensis
Leptogenys khammouanensis.jpg
  • Petiolar node longitudinally thickened, erectly triangular or subcubical, about as high as long or distinctly higher than long in lateral view, about as broad as long or distinctly broader than long in dorsal view. Masticatory margin of mandible with less than 10 teeth and denticles. . . . . . 9

9

return to couplet #8

  • Petiolar node erectly triangular in lateral view, dorsal and anterior margins form a single arch, the two margins not separated by a distinct blunt angle . . . . . 10
  • Petiolar node subquadrate in lateral view, dorsal and anterior margins not forming a single arch, the two margins separated by a distinct blunt angle. . . . . . 11

10

return to couplet #9

  • Head largely sparsely punctate and opaque. Posterior head margin weakly convex in full-face view. Metanotal groove not impressed in lateral view. Head, mesosoma and petiole black, gaster blackish brown (India) . . . . . Leptogenys moelleri
Leptogenys moelleri casent0281928 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys moelleri casent0281928 p 1 high.jpg
  • Head smooth and shiny. Posterior head margin weakly concave in full-face view. Metanotal groove distinctly impressed in lateral view. Body color reddish brown (Vietnam; China: Yunnan) . . . . . Leptogenys davydovi

11

return to couplet #9

  • Petiolar node thickly trapezoidal in lateral view, dorsal margin as long as or longer than anterior margin. Body color brownish yellow . . . . . 12
  • Petiolar node thinly trapezoidal in lateral view, dorsal margin distinctly shorter than anterior margin. Body color reddish brown to black . . . . . 13

12

return to couplet #11

  • Dorsal margin of petiolar node about as long as anterior margin in lateral view; the node relatively narrow in dorsal view, about 1.2 times as broad as long. Declivity of propodeum without transverse striation (Myanmar; China: Yunnan) . . . . . Leptogenys crassicornis
Leptogenys crassicornis casent0281924 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys crassicornis casent0281924 p 1 high.jpg
  • Dorsal margin of petiolar node longer than anterior margin in lateral view; the node relatively broad in dorsal view, about 1.4 times as broad as long. Declivity of propodeum with transverse striation (India) . . . . . Leptogenys emiliae
Leptogenys emiliae casent0907374 p 1 high.jpg

13

return to couplet #11

14

return to couplet #13

  • Head dorsum largely sparsely punctate. Antennae relatively shorter, scape surpassing posterior head corner by about one fifth of its length, antennal segments 3 - 6 about as broad as long. Metanotal groove not impressed in lateral view. Body color brownish black (India, Myanmar) . . . . . Leptogenys roberti
Leptogenys roberti casent0281929 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys roberti casent0281929 p 1 high.jpg
  • Head dorsum finely sparsely punctate. Antennae relatively longer, scape surpassing posterior head corner by about one third of its length, antennal segments 3-6 distinctly longer than broad. Metanotal groove distinctly impressed in lateral view. Body color black (Sri Lanka) . . . . . Leptogenys yerburyi
Leptogenys yerburyi casent0281927 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys yerburyi casent0281927 p 1 high.jpg

15

return to couplet #13

  • Head distinctly longer than broad in full-face view, about 1.4 times as long as broad, posterior margin weakly convex. Inner margin of mandible distinctly denticulate (India) . . . . . Leptogenys dalyi
Leptogenys dalyi casent0281930 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys dalyi casent0281930 p 1 high.jpg
  • Head slightly longer than broad in full-face view, at most 1.2 times as long as broad, posterior margin straight or weakly concave. Inner margin of mandible edentate. . . . . . 16

16

return to couplet #15

  • Mandible with 5 teeth on the masticatory margin. Subpetiolar process semicircular, rounded at apex. Body color reddish brown (China: Guangxi) . . . . . Leptogenys strena
Leptogenys strena.jpg
  • Mandible with 7-8 teeth and denticles on the masticatory margin. Subpetiolar process triangular, angled at apex. Body color black (India, Myanmar; China: Yunnan) . . . . . Leptogenys lucidula
Leptogenys lucidula casent0281926 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys lucidula casent0281926 p 1 high.jpg

17

return to couplet #3

  • Head dorsum punctate throughout or mostly smooth and shiny, at most punctate or rugose anterior to eyes . . . . . 19

18

return to couplet #17

  • Clypeus with distinct longitudinal central carina. Sides of pronotum smooth, finely rugulose or finely reticulate; sides of mesothorax, metathorax and propodeum irregularly rugose (India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, New Guinea, Solomons; China: Sichuan, Yunnan, Hunan, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Hong Kong) . . . . . Leptogenys diminuta
Leptogenys diminuta casent0106010 head 1.jpg
Leptogenys diminuta casent0106010 profile 1.jpg
  • Clypeus without longitudinal central carina. Mesosoma regularly longitudinally striate (India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea; China: Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Hong Kong) . . . . . Leptogenys kitteli
Leptogenys kitteli casent0217530 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys kitteli casent0217530 p 1 high.jpg

19

return to couplet #17

  • Head dorsum mostly smooth and shiny, at most punctate or rugose anterior to eyes . . . . . 32

20

return to couplet #19

21

return to couplet #20

  • Head roughly rectangular in full-face view, not widening anteriorly, posterior margin roundly convex. Anterior apex of clypeus strongly convex . . . . . 22
  • Head roughly trapezoidal in full-face view, distinctly widening anteriorly, posterior margin nearly straight. Anterior apex of clypeus truncate or nearly truncate . . . . . 23

22

return to couplet #21

  • Posterior head margin weakly convex in full-face view. Dorsum of promesonotum almost straight in lateral view, metanotal groove narrowly impressed. Petiolar node trapezoidal in dorsal view, anterolateral corners narrowly rounded. Head, mesosoma and petiole densely retirugose. Body color blackish brown. Total length 4-5 mm (India, Sri Lanka) . . . . . Leptogenys hysterica
Leptogenys hysterica casent0915229 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys hysterica casent0915229 p 1 high.jpg
  • Posterior head margin strongly convex in full-face view. Dorsum of promesonotum moderately convex in lateral view, metanotal groove widely impressed. Petiolar node nearly semicircular in dorsal view, anterolateral corners rounded. Head, mesosoma and petiole densely punctate. Body color blackish brown. Total length 7.9-8.5 mm (China: Guangxi) . . . . . Leptogenys hezhouensis
Leptogenys hezhouensis.jpg

23

return to couplet #21

  • Antennae relatively shorter, only one fourth of length of scape surpassing posterior head corner, segments 3 and 4 about equal. Anterior margin of petiolar node straight and vertical, anterodorsal corner narrowly rounded. Total length 5.2-5.7 mm (China: Tibet) . . . . . Leptogenys yandii
Leptogenys yandii h.jpg
Leptogenys yandii p.jpg
  • Antennae relatively longer, one third or half of length of scape surpassing posterior head corner, segment 3 distinctly longer than segment 4. Anterior margin of petiolar node weakly convex and slope, anterodorsal corner broadly rounded . . . . . 24

24

return to couplet #23

  • Eyes larger and occupying one third of head side. Antennae shorter, about one third of scape length surpassing posterior head corner. Head dorsum finely densely punctate. Dorsa of mesosoma, petiole and first gastral segment sparsely punctate with interspaces relatively shiny; sides of mesosoma and petiolar node longitudinally rugose, posterior two thirds of side of first gastral segment smooth and shiny, second gastral segment smooth and shiny. Total length 5 - 6 mm (India, Philippines) . . . . . Leptogenys punctiventris
Leptogenys punctiventris casent0281939 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys punctiventris casent0281939 p 1 high.jpg
  • Eyes smaller and occupying one fourth of head side. Antennae longer, nearly half of scape length surpassing posterior head corner. Head, mesosoma, petiole and first gastral segment densely punctate with interspaces coarsely retirugose and dull, second gastral segment sparsely punctate. Total length 9-10 mm (Myanmar, India; China: Yunnan, Guangxi, Hong Kong) . . . . . Leptogenys binghamii

25

return to couplet #20

  • Petiolar node roughly conical in lateral view, without distinct dorsal margin, broader than long in dorsal view (India) . . . . . Leptogenys jeanettei
  • Petiolar node roughly trapezoidal in lateral view, dorsal margin long and slope down anteriorly, as broad as long or longer than broad in dorsal view . . . . . 26

26

return to couplet #25

Leptogenys huapingensis.jpg

27

return to couplet #26

  • Dorsal faces of head, mesosoma and petiolar node densely punctate and opaque . . . . . 28
  • Dorsal face of head loosely punctate with interspaces relatively shiny, dorsal faces of mesosoma and petiolar node smooth and shiny . . . . . 29

28

return to couplet #27

  • Inner margin of mandible roundly convex, basal corner bluntly angled. Pronotum densely punctate with sides longitudinally striate. Anterodorsal corner of petiolar node broadly rounded in lateral view. Body color black. Robust species with total length 7.1-7.8 mm (China: Yunnan) . . . . . Leptogenys zhuangzii
Leptogenys zhuangzii.jpg
  • Inner margin of mandible nearly straight, basal corner rounded without clear angle. Pronotum finely rugulose with sides smooth and shiny. Anterodorsal corner of petiolar node narrowly rounded in lateral view. Body color blackish brown. Slender species with total length 4.5-5.0 mm (China: Yunnan) . . . . . Leptogenys laozii
Leptogenys laozii.jpg

29

return to couplet #27

  • Antennal segments relatively shorter, segment 3 about 1.5 times as long as broad, about as long as segment 4 . . . . . 30
  • Antennal segments relatively longer, segment 3 about 2.4-2.9 times as long as broad, distinctly longer than segment 4 . . . . . 31

30

return to couplet #29

  • Petiolar node higher than long in lateral view, with anterodorsal corner narrowly rounded. Mesopleuron and metapleuron mostly smooth and shiny. Body color black to blackish brown. Total length 4.5-5.2 mm (China: Yunnan, Tibet) . . . . . Leptogenys mengzii
Leptogenys laozii.jpg
  • Petiolar node as high as long in lateral view, with anterodorsal corner broadly rounded. Mesopleuron and metapleuron mostly densely rugose and opaque. Body color reddish brown. Total length 5.6-6.4 mm (China: Guangxi, Zhejiang, Yunnan) . . . . . Leptogenys rufida
Zhou et al. 2012 Leptogenys rufida.jpg

31

return to couplet #30

  • Basal corner of mandible bluntly angled. Anterodorsal corner of petiolar node narrowly rounded. Body color black. Relatively smaller species with total length 5.5-5.7 mm (India) . . . . . Leptogenys lattkei
Leptogenys lattkei antweb1008007 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys lattkei antweb1008007 p 1 high.jpg
  • Basal corner of mandible rounded without clear angle. Anterodorsal corner of petiolar node broadly rounded. Body color blackish brown. Relatively larger species with total length 6.4-6.7 mm (India) . . . . . Leptogenys transitionis
Leptogenys transitionis antweb1008005 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys transitionis antweb1008005 p 1 high.jpg

32

return to couplet #19

  • Body color blackish brown, with metallic green iridescence. Total length 6.7 mm (India) . . . . . Leptogenys stenocheilos
  • Body color reddish brown to black, without metallic green iridescence . . . . . 33

33

return to couplet #32

  • Petiolar node strongly elongate in lateral view, about 1.5 times as long as high . . . . . 34
  • Petiolar node moderately to weakly elongate in lateral view, less than 1.2 times as long as high . . . . . 35

34

return to couplet #33

  • Antennal scape relatively shorter, surpassing posterior head corner by about two fifths of its length. Petiolar node elongate trapezoidal in lateral view, with very short but distinct anterior margin. Body color reddish brown. Relatively smaller species with total length 6.5-7 mm (India) . . . . . Leptogenys assamensis
Leptogenys assamensis casent0902617 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys assamensis casent0902617 p 1 high.jpg
  • Antennal scape very long, surpassing posterior head corner by half of its length. Petiolar node triangular in lateral view, without anterior margin. Body color black. Large species with total length 13-13.5 mm (China: Yunnan) . . . . . Leptogenys pangui
Leptogenys pangui.jpg

35

return to couplet #33

  • Petiolar node moderately elongate, as long as high or distinctly longer than high in lateral view . . . . . 36
  • Petiolar node weakly elongate, distinctly higher than long in lateral view, about 1.3-1.4 times as high as long . . . . . 39

36

return to couplet #35

  • Clypeus truncated at apex. Lager species with total length 8-11 mm . . . . . 37
  • Clypeus convex at apex. Smaller species with total length 4.5-7 mm . . . . . 38

37

return to couplet #36

  • Dorsal faces between eyes and antennal sockets smooth and shiny, without longitudinal rugae. Propodeal declivity transversely striate, not smooth. Petiolar node relatively broader in dorsal view, about 1.3 times as long as broad. Relatively smaller species with total length 8-10 mm (India, Sri Lanka, Philippines; China: Guizhou, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangxi, Guangdong) . . . . . Leptogenys chinensis
Leptogenys chinensis casent0270544 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys chinensis casent0270544 p 1 high.jpg
  • Dorsal faces between eyes and antennal sockets longitudinal rugose and opaque. Propodeal declivity smooth and shiny, without transverse striations. Petiolar node relatively narrower in dorsal view, about twice as long as broad. Relatively larger species with total length 9-11 mm (Indonesia, Vietnam; China: Yunnan) . . . . . Leptogenys kraepelini
Leptogenys kraepelini casent0281936 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys kraepelini casent0281936 p 1 high.jpg

38

return to couplet #36

  • Petiolar node distinctly longer than high in lateral view. Sides of mesothorax, metathorax and propodeum mostly smooth and shiny. Body color black. Relatively larger species with total length 5.9-6.3 mm (Vietnam, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia; China: Yunnan, Hubei, Hunan, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Hong Kong, Macao) . . . . . Leptogenys peuqueti
Leptogenys peuqueti casent0281935 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys peuqueti casent0281935 p 1 high.jpg
  • Petiolar node as high as long in lateral view. Sides of mesothorax, metathorax and propodeum mostly irregularly rugose and opaque. Body color black, gaster blackish brown. Relatively smaller species with total length 4.5 mm (Japan; China: Taiwan) . . . . . Leptogenys confucii
Leptogenys confucii focol0353 h 1 high.jpg
Leptogenys confucii focol0353 p 1 high.jpg

39

return to couplet #35

  • Clypeus truncated at apex. Eyes relatively smaller and occupying one fourth of head side. Petiolar node relatively longer in lateral view, about 1.3 times as high as long, dorsal margin distinctly longer than anterior margin, anterodorsal corner narrowly rounded, the node obviously longer than broad in dorsal view (China: Guangxi) . . . . . Leptogenys laeviterga
Zhou et al. 2012 Leptogenys laeviterga.jpg
  • Clypeus pointed and strongly convex at apex. Eyes larger and occupying one third of head side. Petiolar node relatively higher in lateral view, about 1.4 times as high as long, dorsal margin as long as anterior margin, anterodorsal corner broadly rounded, the node as broad as long in dorsal view (China: Yunnan) . . . . . Leptogenys sunzii
Leptogenys sunzii h.jpg
Leptogenys sunzii p.jpg