Key to Oriental and Sino-Japanese Leptanilla

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The following worker key is based on: Leong, C.-M., Yamane, S., Guenard, B. 2018. Lost in the city: discovery of the rare ant genus Leptanilla (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Macau with description of Leptanilla macauensis sp. nov. Asian Myrmecology 10: e010001, pp. 1-17 (DOI 10.20362/am.010001).

This key is modified from the keys to the Oriental species constructed by Bharti and Kumar (2012), and Wong and Guénard (2016). To extend the key to include the Sino-Japanese species as well as the Oriental species (total 21 spp.) and prepare the scatter chart (Figure 10), previous publications were additionally consulted (Yasumatsu 1960; Baroni Urbani 1977; Tang et al. 1992; Ito et al. 2001; Xu 2002; Xu & Zhang 2002; Terayama 2013). In some critical cases, we use measure¬ments and indices as a useful discriminating char¬acter, considering a large interspecific variation in body size as suggested by Baroni Urbani (1977).

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Leptanilla

1

  • Masticatory margin of mandible with 2 teeth . . . . . 2
  • Masticatory margin of mandible with 3 teeth or more . . . . . 3

2

return to couplet #1

  • Anterolateral lobes of clypeus present. 3rd antennal segment with a distinct basal peduncle. Dorsal view of petiolar node with arched anterior margin. Promesonotal suture narrow . . . . . Leptanilla kebunraya
  • Anterolateral lobes of clypeus absent. 3rd antennal segment without distinct basal peduncle. Dorsal view of petiolar node rectangular. Promesonotal suture wide . . . . . Leptanilla butteli
Leptanilla butteli casent0901484 h 1 high.jpg
Leptanilla butteli casent0901484 p 1 high.jpg

3

return to couplet #1

  • Masticatory margin of mandible with 4 teeth . . . . . 4
  • Masticatory margin of mandible with 3 teeth . . . . . 5

4

return to couplet #3

  • Full face view of 3rd abdominal tergum strongly narrow in its anterior part (posterior margin more than two times as wide as anterior margin, and distinctly longer than its width (see Fig. 33 in Baroni-Urbani, 1977). The basal tooth of masticatory margin of mandible distinct . . . . . Leptanilla tanakai
  • Full face view of 3rd abdominal tergum weakly narrow in its anterior part (posterior margin al-most one half times as wide as anterior margin, and as long as its width (see Fig. 32 in Baroni- Urbani, 1977). The basal tooth of masticatory margin of mandible very small and difficult to distinguish . . . . . Leptanilla japonica

5

return to couplet #3

6

return to couplet #5

  • In full-face view head approximately rectangu¬lar. Clypeus not protruding, with anterior margin roundly convex. In profile view dorsum of petiole almost straight. In dorsal view postpetiolar node much wider than petiolar node. Smaller species; HW: ca. 0.180 mm . . . . . Leptanilla hunanensis
  • In full-face view head distinctly narrowed an¬teriorly. Clypeus protruding, with anterior mar¬gin concave. In profile view dorsum of petiole roundly convex. In dorsal view postpetiolar node as wide as petiolar node. Larger species; HW: ca. 0.370 mm . . . . . Leptanilla kunmingensis
Zu and Zhang 2002 leptanillinae Fig 10-12.jpg

7

return to couplet #5

  • Anterior margin of clypeus more or less straight or weakly to strongly convex . . . . . 8
  • Anterior margin of clypeus medially incised, bilobed . . . . . 14

8

return to couplet #7

  • Clypeus not protruding anteriorly, and with straight or weakly convex anterior clypeal lobe (Fig. 12A) . . . . . 9
Figure 12A
  • Clypeus slightly or strongly protruding anteri¬orly, and with distinctly convex anterior clypeal lobe (Fig. 12B, C) . . . . . 12
Figure 12B
Figure 12C

9

return to couplet #8

  • Ventral margin of petiolar sternite in lateral view without well developed projection . . . . . Leptanilla kubotai
  • Ventral margin of petiolar sternite in lateral view with well developed and convex projection . . . . . 10

10

return to couplet #9

  • Petiolar node distinctly wider than long (PI ≥ 138) . . . . . 11

11

return to couplet #10

  • Postpetiolar node wider than long (PPI = 163–171). Larger species; HW: ca. 0.235 mm . . . . . Leptanilla yunnanensis
Leptanilla yunnanensis casent0235340 h 1 high.jpg
Leptanilla yunnanensis casent0235340 p 1 high.jpg
  • Postpetiolar node almost as long as wide (PPI = 88). Smaller species; HW: ca. 0.140 mm . . . . . Leptanilla okinawensis

12

return to couplet #8

Leptanilla besucheti casent0902779 h 1 high.jpg
Leptanilla besucheti casent0902779 p 1 high.jpg
  • Smaller species, with petiole shorter than 0.10 mm . . . . . 13

13

return to couplet #12

  • Ventral margin of petiolar sternite with trian¬gular projection. Subpetiolar process absent. PPI = 122–138; CI ≥ 82; PI = 111–125 . . . . . Leptanilla buddhista
Leptanilla buddhista casent0902774 h 1 high.jpg
Leptanilla buddhista casent0902774 p 1 high.jpg
  • Ventral margin of petiolar sternite with sub-cir¬cular projection. Subpetiolar process present as a small and hook like spine. PPI = 80–86; CI ≤ 74; PI = 117–124 . . . . . Leptanilla macauensis

14

return to couplet #7

  • Petiole in dorsal view with sharp and protruding anterolateral corners, with well concave anterior margin (Fig. 13E, F) . . . . . 15
Figure 13E
Figure 13F
  • Petiole in dorsal view with blunt and non-protruding anterolateral corners, with slightly concave to convex anterior margin (Fig. 13 A, B, C, D) . . . . . 16
Figure 13A
Figure 13B
Figure 13C
Figure 13D

15

return to couplet #14

  • Petiolar node almost twice as long as wide (PI = 60). Postpetiolar node almost as wide as long (PPI = 90) (Fig. 13F) Propodeal dorsum and de¬clivity in lateral view meeting at an angular cor¬ner. Masticatory margin of mandibles with a long and well-defined basal tooth . . . . . Leptanilla hypodracos
Wong, M.K.L., Guénard, B hef.jpg
Wong, M.K.L., Guénard, B hal.jpg
  • Petiolar node almost as long as wide (PI = 82– 100). Postpetiolar node distinctly wider than long (PPI = 133–137) (Fig. 13E). Propodeal dorsum and declivity in lateral view meeting at a rather rounded corner. Masticatory margin of mandibles without a long and well-defined basal tooth . . . . . Leptanilla clypeata
Wong and Guenard 2016 L. clypeata h.jpg
Wong and Guenard 2016 L. clypeata l.jpg

16

return to couplet #14

  • Anterior margin of clypeal disc almost as high as the lower level of antennal insertion (Fig. 14A), with shallowly notched anterior lobe . . . . . Leptanilla taiwanensis
Figure 14A
  • Anterior margin of clypeal disc almost highly exceeding the lower level of antennal insertion (Fig. 14B, C), with distinctly bilobed anterior lobe . . . . . 17
Figure 14B
Figure 14C

17

return to couplet #16

  • Posterior margin of head deeply concave in full-face view (Fig. 15C) . . . . . 18
Figure 15C
  • Posterior margin of head almost straight in full-face view (Fig. 15A, B) . . . . . 19
Figure 15A
Figure 15B

18

return to couplet #17

  • Petiolar node rectangular with slightly con¬cave anterior margin in dorsal view; anterior distinctly shorter than posterior margin. Smaller species; HW: ca. 0.155 mm . . . . . Leptanilla oceanica
  • Petiolar node square with straight anterior mar¬gin in dorsal view; anterior margin as long as pos-terior margin. Larger species; HW: ca. 0.29 mm . . . . . Leptanilla lamellata
Leptanilla lamellata antweb1008004 h 1 high.jpg
Leptanilla lamellata antweb1008004 p 1 high.jpg

19

return to couplet #17

  • Petiole sternite in lateral view distinctly pro¬truding, with ventral margin bluntly angulate . . . . . 20
  • Petiole sternite in lateral view indistinctly pro¬truding, with ventral margin almost straight . . . . . Leptanilla thai
Leptanilla thai casent0911455 h 1 high.jpg
Leptanilla thai casent0911455 p 1 high.jpg

20

return to couplet #19

  • Masticatory margin of mandible with a total of 3 teeth; basal tooth short and not well-defined. Anterolateral corners of petiole roundly convex in dorsal view (Fig. 13A). HW: ca. 0.245 mm . . . . . Leptanilla havilandi
Figure 13A
Leptanilla havilandi casent0101455 head 1.jpg
Leptanilla havilandi casent0101455 profile 1.jpg
  • Masticatory margin of mandible with a total of 4 teeth; basal tooth long and well-defined. An-terolateral corners of petiole forming a small and sharp angle in dorsal view (Fig. 13D). HW: ca. 0.280 . . . . . Leptanilla escheri
Figure 13D
Leptanilla escheri antweb1008003 h 1 high.jpg
Leptanilla escheri antweb1008003 p 1 high.jpg

References