Lasius carniolicus

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Lasius carniolicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Lasiini
Genus: Lasius
Species: L. carniolicus
Binomial name
Lasius carniolicus
Mayr, 1861

Lasius carniolicus casent0280471 p 1 high.jpg

Lasius carniolicus casent0280471 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

This species is a temporary parasite of Lasius alienus, Lasius flavus and Lasius piliferus.

At a Glance • Temporary parasite  

 

Identification

Worker yellow to reddish yellow. Funiculus segments broad; scape oval in section; maxillary palps with segments 5 and 6 subequal, distinctly shorter than 4. Petiole in profile nodal with both anterior and posterior faces convex; in front view with rounded dorsal surface. Sides of head curving forward into close set mandibles; head cordate with rounded occipital corners, posterior margin slightly concave. Body pubescence long and thick, merging into short suberect hairs on all surfaces. Length: 3.5-3.7 mm (Collingwood 1979).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Pyrenees to Siberia, ltaly to Poland and South Sweden, also Afghanistan, Karakorum and Himalayas (Faber, 1967).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Pakistan.
Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, Austria, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Kyrgyzstan, Norway, Poland, Republic of Macedonia, Russian Federation, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Collingwood (1979) - This species has a wide but scattered occurrence, rather local but sometimes abundant in the restricted areas where it occurs. Nests are found under stones in sandy soil in open dry woodland or pasture. The queens which are no larger than the worker start colonies by adoption in nests of Lasius alienus or Lasius flavus. Flight period September/October. Faber (1967) records extreme physogastry in the mature egg laying queen of the related species Lasius reginae Faber.

Wilson (1955) - This species apparently holds its nuptial flights late in the year, since all of the reproductives recorded so far have been collected in October. Kutter (1946) mentions a nuptial flight which occurred at Lagern, near Zurich, at 4 p.m., October 13.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • carniolicus. Lasius carniolicus Mayr, 1861: 51 (diagnosis in key) (q.) YUGOSLAVIA. Forel, 1886f: 206 (w.m.). Combination in Formicina: Emery, 1916b: 242; in Acanthomyops: Ruzsky, 1925b: 45; in Lasius (Chthonolasius): Ruzsky, 1914a: 59; Müller, 1923: 132; Wilson, 1955a: 189; in L. (Austrolasius): Faber, 1967: 74. Senior synonym of kusnezovi: Wilson, 1955a: 189. See also: Bernard, 1967: 365; Kutter, 1977c: 230; Collingwood, 1982: 292; Kupyanskaya, 1990: 221; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 252.
  • kusnezovi. Lasius (Chthonolasius) carniolicus var. kusnezovi Karavaiev, 1929b: 212, fig. 5 (w.) RUSSIA. Junior synonym of carniolicus: Wilson, 1955a: 189.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Wilson (1955) - (1) Petiole seen from the side thick, with a broadly rounded dorsal crest; in frontal view gently tapering dorsally, the dorsal crest convex and non-emarginate.

(2) Eyes set in shallow circumocular depressions and quite small relative to head size; EL 0.11-0.13 mm.

(3) Mandibles more slender than in other Lasius, with a reduced offset basal tooth as in L. sitkaensis.

(4) The mandibles set closer to the median line than in other Lasius; in frontal view the genal margins (from the anterior borders of the eyes to the mandibular insertions) strongly convex.

(5) Body hairs relatively short and sparse, those on the first three gastric tergites predominantly decumbent. Appendages nearly devoid of pilosity, with only an occasional short decumbent hair along the flexor margins. Body and appendage pubescence dense and predominantly appressed.

(6) Body and appendages medium yellow to very light brownish yellow, the median and posterior areas of the head usually somewhat darker, medium to dark yellowish brown.

(7) Size apparently averaging smaller than in most Chthonolasius; extreme PW range of sample studied 0.53-0.60 mm.

Queen

Wilson (1955) - (1) The smallest of all the species of Lasius in this caste, not exceeding in total size the worker caste; HW of 5 specimens examined (from 5 localities) 0.76, 0.77, 0.77, 0.77, 0.78 mm.

(2) Petiole seen from the side shaped like an inverted U: short, thick, and broadly convex dorsally. In frontal view the dorsal crest broadly convex and non-emarginate. (Pl. 2, Fig. 5).

(3) Mandible relatively small, slender, and delicate, subfalcate with a concave masticatory border and prominent long, narrow apical tooth. Dentition reduced to the apical, subapical, first intercalary, and three basal teeth.

(4) Entire body covered with light yellow standing hairs which rarely exceed 0.11 mm. in length. These are unusual in being abundant over the gular surface and around the entire cephalic margin. Shorter hairs, predominantly decumbent-subdecumbent, occur over all surfaces of the femora and tibiae. Body pubescence everywhere dense, long, and predominantly appressed.

(5) Wings hyaline, unlike those of other Chthonolasius, and exceptionally long proportional to the body size (wing length exceeding 4.5 mm.).

(6) Body uniformly medium brown, appendages yellowish brown.

Male

Wilson (1955) - (1) Lateral profile of petiole as in worker; in frontal view the dorsal margin is flat to feebly emarginate.

(2) Size small for Chthonolasius; HW of single specimen measured 0.83 mm,

(3) Mandibles with numerous irregular denticles along the entire length of the masticatory border.

(4) Moderately long hairs (not exceeding 0.13 mm. in length) abundant over the entire body, including the gular surface and all of the cephalic margin posterior to the eyes. The hairs of the head and alitrunk predominantly subereet-erect, those on the gaster predominantly decumbent. Scapes and tibiae lacking outstanding pilosity; the femora with fairly numerous short standing hairs.

(5) Subgenital plate of the single male dissected differing from that of other Chthonolasius in having a relatively straight posterior border, the posterolateral corners not projecting posteriorly. The median posterior setiferous area feebly convex and bearing 6 irregularly placed hairs. The cuspis of the volsella unusually thick, its greatest width exceeding the greatest width of the digitus.

Type Material

Wilson (1955) - HOLOTYPE. The unique type is in the Mayr Collection.

References

  • Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Fauna Bûlg. 22: 1-310 (page 252, see also)
  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 365, see also)
  • Buschinger, A.; Seifert, B. 1997. On the host species of a temporary parasitic ant, Lasius (Austrolasius) carniolicus Mayr, 1861 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Insectes Sociaux 44: 299-301
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1982. Himalayan ants of the genus Lasius (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Syst. Entomol. 7: 283-296 (page 292, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1916a [1915]. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 47: 79-275 (page 242, Combination in Formicina)
  • Faber, W. 1967. Beiträge zur Kenntnis sozialparasitischer Ameisen. I. Lasius (Austrolasius n. sg.) reginae n. sp., eine neue temporär sozialparasitische Erdameise aus Österreich (Hym. Formicidae). Pflanzenschutz Ber. 36: 73-107 (page 74, Combination in L. (Austrolasius))
  • Forel, A. 1886g. Expériences et remarques critiques sur les sensations des insectes. Deuxième partie. Nouvelles et anciennes expériences. (Suite). Recl. Zool. Suisse 4: 145-240 (page 206, worker, male described)
  • Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1990a. Ants of the Far Eastern USSR. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 258 pp. (page 221, see also)
  • Kutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helv. Fauna 6: 1-298 (page 230, see also)
  • Kvamme, T. 1999. Notes on Norwegian ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Norw. J. Entomol. 46: 19-23 (page 19, Record in Norway)
  • Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. (page 51, (diagnosis in key) queen described)
  • Müller, G. 1923b. Le formiche della Venezia Guilia e della Dalmazia. Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. Nat. Trieste 28: 11-180 (page 132, Combination in Lasius (Chthonolasius))
  • Ruzsky, M. 1914a [1913]. Myrmekologische Notizen. Arch. Naturgesch. (A)79(9 9: 58-63 (page 59, Combination in Lasius (Chthonolasius))
  • Ruzsky, M. 1925b. New data on the ant fauna of Siberia. Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 19: 41-46 (page 45, Combination in Acanthomyops)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1955a. A monographic revision of the ant genus Lasius. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 113: 1-201 (page 189, Combination in Lasius (Chthonolasius), Senior synonym of kusnezovi)