Lasius distinguendus

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Lasius distinguendus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Lasiini
Genus: Lasius
Species: L. distinguendus
Binomial name
Lasius distinguendus
(Emery, 1916)

Lasius distinguendus casent0172737 profile 1.jpg

Lasius distinguendus casent0172737 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

This species exhibits temporary social parasitism. Queens found new colonies by infiltrating an established nest of Lasius alienus, killing the queen and using host workers to care for her initial brood.

At a Glance • Temporary parasite  
 

Identification

Collingwood (1979) - Most easily recognised in the queen caste. It is like a larger, paler Lasius mixtus but has more abundant genal hairs and a high broadly emarginate scale. The worker has occasional tibial hairs and longer body hairs than L. mixtus and would be more easily confused with Lasius umbratus.

Distribution

Mainly found in South and Central Europe. According to B. Pisarski (priv. commun.) it occurs in North Germany and probably also in Poland (Collingwood 1979).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Italy (type locality), Mongolia, Montenegro, Poland, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Fungi

This species is a host for the ectoparastic fungus Aegeritella tuberculata (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).

Castes

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • distinguendus. Formicina umbrata subsp. distinguenda Emery, 1916a: 64, figs. VI,4; VII,6 (w.q.) ITALY. Karavaiev, 1936: 214 (m.). [Also described as new, but bicornis susbp. distinguenda, by Emery, 1916b: 242.] Combination in Lasius: Müller, 1923: 13; in L. (Chthonolasius): Emery, 1925b: 234. Raised to species: Bondroit, 1918: 32. Subspecies of umbratus: Emery, 1922b: 13; Stärcke, 1937: 47. Status as species: Müller, 1923: 130. Junior synonym of umbratus: Wilson, 1955a: 151. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of umbratus: Pisarski, 1975: 39. Revived status as species: Collingwood, 1978: 72. See also: Collingwood, 1979: 102; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 58; Seifert, 1988: 149; Seifert, 1990: 10. Senior synonym of hybrida: Stärcke, 1937: 57; Seifert, 1988: 149; of nuda and material of the unavailable name cereomicans referred here: Seifert, 1990: 10.
  • nuda. Formicina umbrata var. nuda Bondroit, 1917a: 176, fig. 2 (q.) no locality given. Junior synonym of affinis: Emery, 1925b: 234; of umbratus: Stärcke, 1937: 57; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 58; of distinguendus: Seifert, 1990: 10.
  • hybrida. Formicina distinguenda var. hybrida Bondroit, 1918: 33 (w.q.) ITALY. [First available use of Formicina umbrata subsp. distinguenda var. hybrida Emery, 1916a: 66; unavailable name.] Combination in Lasius (Chthonolasius): Emery, 1925b: 234. Subspecies of umbratus: Emery, 1922b: 13. Junior synonym of distinguendus: Stärcke, 1937: 57. Revived from synonymy and raised to species: Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 555 (in key). Junior synonym of distinguendus: Seifert, 1988: 149.

Description

References

  • Agosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987a. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) and a key to the worker caste. I. Synonymic list. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 60: 51-62 (page 58, see also)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 32, Raised to species)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 52: 65-95 (page 72, Revived status as species)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomol. Scand. 8: 1-174 (page 102, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1916b. Formiche d'Italia nuove o critiche. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 20: 53-66 (page 64, figs. VI, 4; VII, 6 worker, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1922b. Il genere Lasius (F.) Mayr e particolarmente le forme mediterranee del gruppo umbratus Nyl. Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 54: 9-15 (page 13, Subspecies of umbratus)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 234, Combination in L. (Chthonolasius))
  • Espadaler, X., Santamaria, S. 2012. Ecto- and Endoparasitic Fungi on Ants from the Holarctic Region. Psyche Article ID 168478, 10 pages (doi:10.1155/2012/168478).
  • Karavaiev, V. 1936. The fauna of the family Formicidae (ants) of the Ukraine. Part II (conclusion). Tr. Inst. Zool. Biol. Ukr. Akad. Nauk Ser. 1 Pr. Syst. Faun. 1936: 161-316 (page 214, male described)
  • Müller, G. 1923b. Le formiche della Venezia Guilia e della Dalmazia. Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. Nat. Trieste 28: 11-180 (page 13, Combination in Lasius)
  • Müller, G. 1923b. Le formiche della Venezia Guilia e della Dalmazia. Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. Nat. Trieste 28: 11-180 (page 130, Status as species)
  • Pisarski, B. 1975. Mrówki Formicoidea. Kat. Fauny Pol. 26: 3-85 (page 39, Revived from synonymy as subspecies of umbratus)
  • Seifert, B. 1988a. A revision of the European species of the ant subgenus Chthonolasius (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Entomol. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dres. 51: 143-180 (page 149, see also)
  • Seifert, B. 1988a. A revision of the European species of the ant subgenus Chthonolasius (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Entomol. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dres. 51: 143-180 (page 149, Senior synonym of hybrida)
  • Seifert, B. 1990. Supplementation to the revision of European species of the ant subgenus Chthonolasius Ruzsky, 1913 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Doriana 6(2 271: 1-13 (page 10, see also)
  • Seifert, B. 1990. Supplementation to the revision of European species of the ant subgenus Chthonolasius Ruzsky, 1913 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Doriana 6(2 271: 1-13 (page 10, Senior synonym of nuda, and material of the unavailable name cereomicans referred here.)
  • Stärcke, A. 1937. Retouches sur quelques fourmis d'Europe. II. Lasius groupe umbratus Nylander. Tijdschr. Entomol. 80: 38-72 (page 47, Subspecies of umbratus)
  • Stärcke, A. 1937. Retouches sur quelques fourmis d'Europe. II. Lasius groupe umbratus Nylander. Tijdschr. Entomol. 80: 38-72 (page 57, Senior synonym of hybrida)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1955a. A monographic revision of the ant genus Lasius. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 113: 1-201 (page 151, Junior synonym of umbratus)