Lasius meridionalis

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Lasius meridionalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Lasiini
Genus: Lasius
Species: L. meridionalis
Binomial name
Lasius meridionalis
(Bondroit, 1920)

Lasius meridionalis casent0172741 profile 1.jpg

Lasius meridionalis casent0172741 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This species is characteristic of lowland sandy heath in North Europe. Nests are in the ground, often with low earth mounds and carton lined chambers. Flight period August. Fertilised queens start colonies through adoption by established nests of Lasius alienus, Lasius niger or Lasius psammophilus. Males which have well toothed mandibles have been seen to pick up objects and to feed themselves (Collingwood, 1979).

At a Glance • Temporary parasite  
 

Identification

Collingwood (1979) - Clear yellow; pubescence on head rather dilute but close and very fine on gaster. Funiculus segments distinctly longer than wide; scapes and tibiae elliptical in cross section with thin front edge. Petiole sides straight to weakly convex, dorsal margin flat to slightly emarginate. Body and appendage hairs numerous. Length: 3.5-5 mm.

Resembles Lasius umbratus but the different habits, flat appendages and rectangular scale in the queen, shining darker colour and fine sculpture in queen and male clearly distinguish the species from L. umbratus, although workers may be less easy to separate.

Distribution

Spain to Japan, ltaly to Scandinavia (Collingwood 1979).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Denmark, Finland, France (type locality), Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • meridionalis. Formicina meridionalis Bondroit, 1920a: 143 (q.) FRANCE. Stärcke, 1937: 52 (w.m.). Combination in Lasius: Emery, 1922b: 13; in L. (Chthonolasius): Emery, 1925b: 234. Subspecies of umbratus: Emery, 1922b: 13; Menozzi, 1925d: 34; Stitz, 1939: 295; Novak & Sadil, 1941: 103. Status as species: Stärcke, 1937: 50. Junior synonym of rabaudi: Wilson, 1955a: 168; Bernard, 1967: 364. Revived from synonymy, status as species: Pisarski, 1975: 37; Collingwood, 1979: 102; Seifert, 1988: 154; Kupyanskaya, 1990: 226; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 247.

Description

References

  • Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Fauna Bûlg. 22: 1-310 (page 247, Revived from synonymy, status as species)
  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 364, Junior synonym of rabaudi)
  • Bondroit, J. 1920a [1919]. Notes diverses sur des fourmis d'Europe. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 59: 143-158 PDF (page 143, queen described)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1979. The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomol. Scand. 8: 1-174 (page 102, Revived from synonymy, status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1922b. Il genere Lasius (F.) Mayr e particolarmente le forme mediterranee del gruppo umbratus Nyl. Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 54: 9-15 (page 13, Combination in Lasius)
  • Emery, C. 1922b. Il genere Lasius (F.) Mayr e particolarmente le forme mediterranee del gruppo umbratus Nyl. Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 54: 9-15 (page 13, Variety of umbratus)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 234, Combination in L. (Chthonolasius))
  • Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1990a. Ants of the Far Eastern USSR. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 258 pp. (page 226, Revived from synonymy, status as species)
  • Menozzi, C. 1925d [1924]. Res mutinenses. Formicidae (Hymenoptera). Atti Soc. Nat. Mat. Modena 55[=(6)3 3: 22-47 (page 34, Variety of umbratus)
  • Novák, V.; Sadil, J. 1941. Klíc k urcování mravencu strední Evropy se zvlástním zretelem k mravencí zvírene Cech a Moravy. Entomol. Listy 4: 65-115 (page 103, Variety of umbratus)
  • Pisarski, B. 1975. Mrówki Formicoidea. Kat. Fauny Pol. 26: 3-85 (page 37, Revived from synonymy, status as species)
  • Seifert, B. 1988a. A revision of the European species of the ant subgenus Chthonolasius (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Entomol. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dres. 51: 143-180 (page 154, Revived from synonymy, status as species)
  • Stärcke, A. 1937. Retouches sur quelques fourmis d'Europe. II. Lasius groupe umbratus Nylander. Tijdschr. Entomol. 80: 38-72 (page 52, worker, male described)
  • Stärcke, A. 1937. Retouches sur quelques fourmis d'Europe. II. Lasius groupe umbratus Nylander. Tijdschr. Entomol. 80: 38-72 (page 50, Status as species)
  • Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. (page 295, Variety of umbratus)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1955a. A monographic revision of the ant genus Lasius. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 113: 1-201 (page 168, Junior synonym of rabaudi)