Lasius productus

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Lasius productus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Lasiini
Genus: Lasius
Species: L. productus
Binomial name
Lasius productus
Wilson, 1955

Lasius productus casent0903217 p 1 high.jpg

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Specimen Labels

Identification

A Japanese species closely related to Lasius emarginatus, but differing in all three castes by the possession of extraordinarily long appendages.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Japan (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • productus. Lasius (Lasius) productus Wilson, 1955a: 95 (w.q.m.) JAPAN. See also: Yamauchi, 1979: 156; Seifert, 1992b: 46.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Within the HW range 0.86-1.12 mm., the SI is between 112 and 124 (see Fig. 5), and the ML exceeds the EW by about 1.3 X.

Size averaging larger than in other members of the subgenus; PW 0.59-0.73 mm., mean 0.686 mm., based on 15 workers from 6 nest series. Anterior border of median clypeal lobe broadly rounded as in other niger complex members. Dentition very constant, with three perfectly formed basal teeth in every specimen examined. Propodeum elevated relative to thorax as in Lasius emarginatus. Scapes densely covered with predominantly decumbent hairs; standing hairs very scarce or absent. Tibiae with sparser hairs which are mostly appressed. Color varying from concolorous medium brown as in Lasius niger (e.g. paratypes from Hikosan VIII-6-1940 and Sobosan IX-8-1933) to bicolorous with contrasting reddish brown alitrunk and dark brown gaster and head (e.g. paratypes from Hikosan XI-21-1939). The holotype nest series falls about intermediate between these two extremes; the holotype can best be described as having a medium reddish brown alitrunk barely contrasting with the gaster. None of the material examined reaches the extreme bicolorous condition of the typical European emarginatus; moreover, in Lasius productus the head is usually noticeably lighter than the gaster.

Queen

ML in three queens examined ranging 0.32-0.34 mm., exceeding all other members of the genus.

Characterized by its higher SI and tendency toward larger size. Following are measurements for three queens identified in the course of the present study. Japan, no further data (H. Sauter leg.; MCZ), HW 1.88 mm., SL 1.58 mm., SI 84, ML 0.32 mm.; Hikosan, Kyushu, IX-18-1939 (K. Yasumatsu leg. and Coll.), HW 1.79 mm., SL 1.55 mm., SI 87, ML 0.32 mm.; Hirooka, Shikoku VIII-29-1935 (H. Okamoto leg. and Coll.), HW 1.82 mm., SL 1.52 mm., SI 84, ML 0.34 mm.

Male

SI of the one specimen measured was 105, greatly exceeding all other members of the genus.

In the single specimen examined (Sobosan, Kyushu, IX-10-1933; Yasumatsu leg. and CoIL), HW 0.98 mm., SL 1.03 mm., SI 105. Subgenital plate very similar to that typifying emarginatus. Scapes densely covered with rather short, predominantly subdecumbent hairs. Tibiae with sparse, appressed to decumbent hairs.

Type Material

HOLOTYPE. A worker from Mt. Imano (Imanoyama), Shikoku (H. Okamoto leg. and ColI.). PW 0.72 mm., HW 1.04 mm., HL 1.17 mm., SL 1.23 mm., SI 119, ML 0.30 mm., EW 0.22 mm. Paranidotypes in the Yasumatsu ColI., Museum of Comparative Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, and Holgersen Coll.

References

  • Seifert, B. 1992b. A taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic members of the ant subgenus Lasius s.str. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Abh. Ber. Naturkundemus. Görlitz 66(5): 1-67 (page 46, see also)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1955a. A monographic revision of the ant genus Lasius. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 113: 1-201 (page 95, worker, queen, male described)
  • Yamauchi, K. 1979 [1978]. Taxonomical and ecological studies on the ant genus Lasius in Japan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). I. Taxonomy. Sci. Rep. Fac. Educ. Gifu Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 6: 147-181 (page 156, see also)