Leptogenys coerulescens

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Leptogenys coerulescens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Leptogenys
Species group: attenuata
Species: L. coerulescens
Binomial name
Leptogenys coerulescens
Emery, 1895

Leptogenys coerulescens casent0076558 profile 1.jpg

Leptogenys coerulescens casent0076558 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Collection data indicate that this species forages on the forest floor and on low vegetation as well as through the leaf litter. Leptogenys coerulescens nests mainly under the ground and in rotten logs, but occasionally in rotten tree stumps, under rootmat ground layers or under rocks.

Identification

A member of the attenuata species group. Rakotonirina and Fisher (2014) - One of the largest species; third antennal segment less than twice the length of second segment; in full-face view, eye not breaking outline of side of head; mandible punctulate, interspersed with short, fine longitudinal striation or dense and fine elongate punctures.

One of the largest species (HW: 1.52–1.74, PW: 1.23–1.46) in the attenuata group, L. coerulescens can be recognized by its size, the location of the eye and the presence of punctures with fine striation on the mandible. Two extremes characterize the variation within this species. One extreme is represented by specimens sampled from the dry forest habitats. The dorsal outline of the propodeum in profile is slightly convex and the petiole in dorsal view is shorter and anteriorly more slender. This variant is most similar to the type specimens.The second extreme, collected from rainforest areas, is characterized by a straight propodeal dorsum, and a more elongate and anteriorly robust petiolar node. Across the range of this species, both the shape of the propodeum and the form of the petiolar node show continuous variation and transitional states. Phenotypic variants within this species occur along ecological gradients across the forest habitats of Daraina in the northeast of Madagascar and in the disjunct forests of Ambilanivy, Anabohazo, Manongarivo and Ankarana in the northwest of the island. These results illustrate the importance of recognizing habitats that harbor distinct allopatric populations and maximizing the protection of contiguous environmental gradients to maintain the viability of morphologically diverse populations.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Northern Madagascar.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Habitat

Although the distribution of L. coerulescens is limited to northern Madagascar, this species occupies a wide range of habitats including lowland and montane rainforests as well as littoral and dry forest habitats adjacent to these mesic forests.

Biology

The Leptogenys genus page has more details about the general biology of ants in this genus. The following synopsis provided by Rakotonirina and Fisher (2014) offers an overview of the Malagasy Leptogenys: Recent surveys of arthropods in the Malagasy region uncovered a wealth of new species and showed that Leptogenys is one of the dominant ponerine ants widely distributed across all types of forest habitats. Workers are usually found foraging on the forest floor or in the leaf litter and only rarely on vegetation. They nest terrestrially under the soil, rocks, logs, or rootmat ground layers and in rotten logs, branches, in rotting bamboo, and rotten tree stumps. Most of the Malagasy species are endemic to Madagascar. In all Malagasy species, winged queens are absent, which limits their ability to disperse across the complex topography and various ecological barriers in the region. In the absence of alate queens, reproduction of Leptogenys in the region may be by fission, which enhances population viscosity and may result in important morphological variation across a species' geographic range. Though queens do not fly, males of Leptogenys are alate and are one of the most frequently collected ant genera in Malaise traps throughout Madagascar. Leptogenys exhibits a wide range of phenotypic diversity segregated both among spatially isolated habitats and along continuous environmental gradients.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • coerulescens. Leptogenys coerulescens Emery, 1895f: 339 (w.) MADAGASCAR. See also: Bolton, 1975a: 296.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Rakotonirina and Fisher (2014) - (25 specimens). HW: 1.52–1.74, HL: 1.92–2.15, CI: 76–84, SL: 2.33–2.71, SI: 145–163, PW: 1.23–1.46, WL: 3.22–3.73, PNH: 1.09–1.25, PNL: 0.92–1.13, PNW: 0.86–1.06, DNI: 84–105, LNI: 100–121.

Head more or less elongate, width greatest at about mid-length immediately posterior to eye; sides distinctly convex; posterior margin straight. In full-face view, eye not breaking outline of side of head; size larger, maximum diameter roughly one-fourth the length of side of head. Antennal scape long, distal half surpassing posterior margin of head. Third antennal segment less than twice the length of second. With mesosoma in profile propodeal dorsum slightly convex; propodeal lobe absent or with blunt angle; opening of propodeal spiracle circular. In dorsal view, petiolar node more or less elongate but slightly broader posteriorly than anteriorly. With petiole in profile, node about as high as long. Mandible finely punctate, with fine and short longitudinal striation or dense elongate punctures. Declivitous surface most often smooth, rarely transversely rugulose or with striation. Remainder of body dorsum smooth and shining. Dorsum of head, mesosoma, petiolar node and gaster covered with whitish-yellow, standing short hairs and pubescence. Color black with bluish reflection or opalescence, apical portion of appendages reddish brown or ferruginous red.

Queen

Rakotonirina and Fisher (2014) - (3 specimens): HW: 1.52–1.64, HL: 1.90–1.97, CI: 80–84, SL: 2.14–2.41, SI: 141–147, PW: 1.21–1.31, WL: 3.08–3.18, PNH: 1.05–1.17, PNL: 0.75–0.82, PNW: 1.01–1.06, DNI: 124–146, LNI: 134–153. As in worker but with broader head and shorter antennal scape. No trace of ocelli. Mesosoma slightly rounded and much shorter, without wing sclerites. Hairs and pubescence more slender and abundant.

Type Material

Rakotonirina and Fisher (2014) - Lectotype worker, present designation, Madagascar, Diego-Suarez (Alluaud, 1893), AntWeb CASENT0102027 top worker specimen of two workers on a pin (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa). Paralectotype workers, with same data but specimen coded as CASENT0102026 and CASENT0102025 (MSNG) [examined].

References

  • Bolton, B. 1975a. A revision of the ant genus Leptogenys Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian region with a review of the Malagasy species. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 31: 235-305 (page 296, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1895g. Mission scientifique de M. Ch. Alluaud dans le territoire de Diego-Suarez (Madagascar-nord) (Avril-août 1893). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 39: 336-345 (page 339, worker described)
  • Rakotonirina, J.C. & Fisher, B.L. 2014. Revision of the Malagasy ponerine ants of the genus Leptogenys Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3836, 1-163.