From Chiu, Mankin and Lin 2011: Leptogenys kitteli (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) is a species of commonly observed but little studied army ants that hunt in groups in broadleaf and coniferous forests in lowland and hilly areas of Taiwan. These ants live in soil or litter and move their nests frequently.
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From the abstract of Chiu, Mankin and Lin 2011: "Individual Leptogenys kitteli (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) workers produce stridulatory pulses at faster rates after exposure to prey larvae placed nearby the nest and after air-puff disturbances at the nest entrance than during unstimulated social interactions within the nest. Workers produce chirps (trains of stridulatory pulses) at faster rates after exposure to prey larvae than during unstimulated social interactions, including groups of chirps (bursts) where the intervals between chirps decrease below 60 ms. Such bursts do not occur in unstimulated social interactions. Chirp bursts with intervals <10 ms (disturbance bursts) occur immediately after air puffs at the nest entrance. Disturbance bursts are not observed after exposure to prey larvae or during unstimulated social interactions. The rates of disturbance bursts decline rapidly within 10 s after an air puff, whereas episodes of chirp bursts extend over periods of 30 s or longer when groups of ants are moving prey larvae into the nest. The differences in the rates of stridulatory pulses and chirps and in the durations of stridulatory activity observed in the context of different types, intensities, and durations of stimulation contribute to evidence that stridulation has a significant communicatory role in colony activities of many ant species, even in genera, such as Leptogenys, in which a stridulatory organ has not been retained in every species. "
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- kitteli. Lobopelta kitteli Mayr, 1870b: 966 (w.) INDIA. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976a: 52 (l.). Combination in Leptogenys: Emery, 1895k: 461. See also: Bingham, 1903: 60. Current subspecies: nominal plus altisquamis, laevis, minor, siemsseni, transiens.
- Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 60, see also)
- Chiu, Y. K., R. W. Mankin, and C. C. Lin. 2011. Context-Dependent Stridulatory Responses of Leptogenys kitteli (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) to Social, Prey, and Disturbance Stimuli. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 104:1012-1020. doi:10.1603/AN11027
- Emery, C. 1895m. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. LXIII. Formiche di Birmania del Tenasserim e dei Monti Carin raccolte da L. Fea. Parte II. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 34[=(2(14): 450-483 (page 461, Combination in Leptogenys)
- Mayr, G. 1870b. Neue Formiciden. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 20: 939-996 (page 966, worker described)
- Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1976a. Supplementary studies on ant larvae: Ponerinae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 102: 41-64 (page 52, larva described)
- Xu, Z. 1996b. A taxonomic study of the ant genus Leptogenys (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in China. J. Yunnan Agric. Univ. 11: 222-227 (page 224, ee also)