Leptogenys saussurei

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Leptogenys saussurei
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Leptogenys
Species group: saussurei
Species: L. saussurei
Binomial name
Leptogenys saussurei
(Forel, 1891)

Leptogenys saussurei casent0101805 profile 1.jpg

Leptogenys saussurei casent0101805 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Leptogenys saussurei forages terrestrially, and can be found on the forest floor and in leaf litter. It nests in rotten logs and dead branches on the ground.

Identification

A member of the saussurei species group. Rakotonirina and Fisher (2014) - Worker. Mandible elongate and robust, capable of closing tightly against clypeus; anterior clypeal margin medially projecting into triangular lobe; anterior clypeal margin medially projecting into triangular lobe; clypeus with sharp edge or lamella. Eye large, diameter markedly greater than maximum width of antennal scape. Dorsum of head and mesosoma distinctly sculptured; with mesosoma in dorsal view, metanotal groove distinctly visible. In dorsal view, posterior margin of petiolar node medially emarginate.

Leptogenys saussurei is one of the largest species in the group. As in Leptogenys acutirostris and Leptogenys lohahela, it has a visible metanotal groove, but the posterior margin of the petiolar node is not medially excised in L. saussurei as it is in these two species.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Madagascar. One of the most widely distributed species in the saussurei group, L. saussurei ranges from RS Ambatovaky in the north to the PN Andohahela in the south. Between these two sites, the species has been recorded from the rainforest of the PN Mantadia and RS Manombo to the montane rainforest of the RS Ivohibe.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

The Leptogenys genus page has more details about the general biology of ants in this genus. The following synopsis provided by Rakotonirina and Fisher (2014) offers an overview of the Malagasy Leptogenys: Recent surveys of arthropods in the Malagasy region uncovered a wealth of new species and showed that Leptogenys is one of the dominant ponerine ants widely distributed across all types of forest habitats. Workers are usually found foraging on the forest floor or in the leaf litter and only rarely on vegetation. They nest terrestrially under the soil, rocks, logs, or rootmat ground layers and in rotten logs, branches, in rotting bamboo, and rotten tree stumps. Most of the Malagasy species are endemic to Madagascar. In all Malagasy species, winged queens are absent, which limits their ability to disperse across the complex topography and various ecological barriers in the region. In the absence of alate queens, reproduction of Leptogenys in the region may be by fission, which enhances population viscosity and may result in important morphological variation across a species' geographic range. Though queens do not fly, males of Leptogenys are alate and are one of the most frequently collected ant genera in Malaise traps throughout Madagascar. Leptogenys exhibits a wide range of phenotypic diversity segregated both among spatially isolated habitats and along continuous environmental gradients.

Castes

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • saussurei. Lobopelta saussurei Forel, 1891b: 121 (w.) MADAGASCAR. Forel, 1891b: 218 (m.). Combination in Leptogenys: Emery, 1911d: 102. See also: Bolton, 1975a: 297.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Rakotonirina and Fisher (2014) - (8 specimens). HW: 1.42–1.75, HL: 1.92–2.44, CI: 71–78, SL: 1.80–2.59, SI: 126–148, PW: 1.27–1.57, WL: 3.04–3.80, PNH: 1.21–1.47, PNL: 1.02–1.22, PNW: 0.96–1.21, DNI: 92–105, LNI: 118–132.

Head elongate, sides broadly convex but slightly converging posteriorly from level of eye. Clypeus projecting anteriorly into non-bidentate triangular median lobe. Lamellate extension of inner mandibular margin widest at distal third, from which first preapical tooth is followed by another, closer blunt angle before rising into sharp apical tooth. With mesosoma in profile, mesopleural sulcus incomplete or absent; in dorsal view metanotal groove distinctly visible. With petiole in dorsal view, node longer than broad, with markedly excised posterior margin; in side view, posterolateral margin armed with one sharp tooth. Anterior portion of head from base of mandible to level of eye reticulate-rugose, interspersed with punctures. In full-face view, dorsum of head behind level of anterior margin of eye with dense punctures, which become larger and widely spaced towards its posterior margin. Mandible finely striate between sparse punctures. In dorsal view, pronotum punctate, remainder of mesosoma with scattered punctures. Petiolar node sparsely punctate, faint striation or rugoreticulum may be present on upper half of lateral section. Gastral segments mostly smooth and shining. Body with bluish reflection.

Type Material

Rakotonirina and Fisher (2014) - Holotype worker, Madagascar, Mahanoro, côte Est de Madagascar (de Saussure) (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève) AntWeb specimen code: CASENT0101805 [examined].

References

  • Bolton, B. 1975a. A revision of the ant genus Leptogenys Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian region with a review of the Malagasy species. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 31: 235-305 (page 297, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 102, Combination in Leptogenys)
  • Forel, A. 1891c. Les Formicides. [part]. In: Grandidier, A. Histoire physique, naturelle, et politique de Madagascar. Volume XX. Histoire naturelle des Hyménoptères. Deuxième partie (28e fascicule). Paris: Hachette et Cie, v + 237 pp. (page 121, worker described; page 218, male described)
  • Rakotonirina, J.C. & Fisher, B.L. 2014. Revision of the Malagasy ponerine ants of the genus Leptogenys Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3836, 1-163.