Lioponera clara

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Lioponera clara
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Lioponera
Species: L. clara
Binomial name
Lioponera clara
(Clark, 1930)

Cerapachys clarus casent0172119 profile 1.jpg

Cerapachys clarus casent0172119 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • clara. Phyracaces clarus Clark, 1930c: 3, fig. 1 (w.q.m.) AUSTRALIA.
    • Combination in Neophyracaces: Clark, 1941: 76.
    • Combination in Lioponera: Borowiec, M.L. 2016: 163.
    • Synonym of princeps: Brown, 1975: 23, 65; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 27; Bolton, 1995b: 144; Heterick, 2009: 127.
    • [Note: all these authors give princeps as senior synonym, but clara has priority. The error arose from Brown’s assumption that clara was a junior homonym, which is not the case.]
    • Status as species: Borowiec, 2016: 163.
  • princeps. Phyracaces princeps Clark, 1934b: 24, pl. 2, fig. 4 (w.) AUSTRALIA.
    • Combination in Cerapachys: Brown, 1975: 23.
    • Synonym of clara: Brown, 1975: 23, 65; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 27; Bolton, 1995b: 144; Heterick, 2009: 127.
    • [Note: all these authors give princeps as senior synonym, but clara has priority. The error arose from Brown’s assumption that clara was a junior homonym, which is not the case.]

Type Material

  • Phyracaces clarus: Syntype, 1 queen, Cannington, Mundaring, Kalamunda or John Forrest Nat. Park, Western Australia, Australia, Museum of Comparative Zoology.
  • Phyracaces clarus: Syntype, worker(s), queen(s), male(s), Cannington, Mundaring, Kalamunda and John Forrest Nat. Park (as National Park), Western Australia, Australia, Museum Victoria, Melbourne.
  • Phyracaces princeps: Syntype, 4 workers, Minnie Downs, South Australia, Australia, Museum of Comparative Zoology.
  • Phyracaces princeps: Syntype, worker(s), Minnie Downs, South Australia, Australia, South Australian Museum.

Description

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 144, catalogue)
  • Borowiec, M.L. 2016. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dorylinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 608: 1–280 (doi: 10.3897/zookeys.608.9427).
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1975. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. V. Ponerinae, tribes Platythyreini, Cerapachyini, Cylindromyrmecini, Acanthostichini, and Aenictogitini. Search Agric. (Ithaca N. Y.) 5(1 1: 1-115 (page 71, Combination in Cerapachys, junior synonym of clarus Clark, and hence first available replacement name)
  • Clark, J. (1930). New Formicidae, with notes on some little-known species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria. (n.s.) 43: 2–25.
  • Clark, J. 1934b. New Australian ants. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 8: 21-47 (page 24, pl.2, fig.4 worker described)
  • Clark, J. (1941). Australian Formicidae. Notes and new species. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria. 12: 71–94.
  • Forel, A. (1893). Nouvelles fourmis d'Australie et des Canaries. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 37: 454–466.