Lioponera longitarsus

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Lioponera longitarsus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Lioponera
Species: L. longitarsus
Binomial name
Lioponera longitarsus
(Mayr, 1879)

Cerapachys longitarsus casent0217388 p 1 high.jpg

Cerapachys longitarsus casent0217388 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Lioponera longitarsus was originally described from India and subsequently recorded from UAE (Collingwood et al., 2011); Egypt (Sharaf, 2006); Philippines, North Australia, and Taiwan (Terayama et al., 1988). At Rawdhat Khorim, Saudi Arabia, this species is considered rare, with only four specimens. All are alate males, three attracted to a light trap and one collected by a pitfall trap. They were collected in April, October and November (Sharaf et al., 2013).

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).
Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea, Philippines (type locality).
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India (type locality), Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China, Egypt (type locality), Israel.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Lioponera longitarsus for further details

Biology

Heterick (2009) - The existence of this ant in Perth (WA) is interesting, given its tropical distribution elsewhere in Australia and overseas (south and south-east Asia). The species doubtless occurs as a tramp here: I have never seen specimens from outside of the Perth metropolitan area, and it is the only Dorylinae that can be found in built-up suburbs in Perth. Brown (1975) speculated that since it is a hollow twig dweller, L. longitarsus could have been transported across water in floating branches. However, the workers I have seen have all been found crawling on paths or grass.

Castes

Worker

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • longitarsus. Lioponera longitarsus Mayr, 1879: 667 (w.q.) INDIA.
    • Forel, 1900d: 329 (m.).
    • Combination in Cerapachys: Brown, 1975: 23
    • Senior synonym of australis, bicolor, parva, pygmaeus: Brown, 1975: 23.
    • Senior synonym of aegyptiacus, alfierii: Bolton, 1995b: 143.
  • australis. Lioponera longitarsus var. australis Forel, 1895f: 422 (w.) AUSTRALIA.
    • Raised to species: Wheeler, W.M. 1918a: 264.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Brown, 1975: 23.
  • parva. Lioponera longitarsus r. parva Forel, 1900d: 330 (w.m.) INDIA.
    • Raised to species: Bingham, 1903: 27.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Brown, 1975: 23.
    • [Incorrectly revived from synonymy by Tang, Li, et al. 1995: 26.]
  • bicolor. Lioponera bicolor Wheeler, W.M. & Chapman, 1925: 54, pl. 1, figs. 15, 16 (w.q.m.) PHILIPPINES.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Brown, 1975: 23.
  • pygmaeus. Phyracaces pygmaeus Clark, 1934b: 26, pl. 2, fig. 7 (w.) AUSTRALIA.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Brown, 1975: 23.
  • alfierii. Lioponera alfierii Donisthorpe, 1939a: 256 (m.) EGYPT.
    • Combination in Cerapachys: Brown, 1975: 22.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Bolton, 1995b: 142.
  • cooperi. Lioponera cooperi Donisthorpe, 1939a: 255 (m.) EGYPT.
    • [Junior secondary homonym of cooperi Arnold, 1915: 14.]
    • Replacement name: aegyptiacus Brown, 1975: 22.
  • aegyptiacus. Cerapachys aegyptiacus Brown, 1975: 22.
    • Replacement name for Lioponera cooperi Donisthorpe, 1939a: 255. [Junior secondary homonym of Cerapachys cooperi Arnold, 1915: 14.]
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Bolton, 1995b: 142.

Type Material

  • Lioponera longitarsus australis Forel, 1895: Syntype, worker(s) (probable), Mackay, Queensland, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
  • Lioponera longitarsus Mayr, 1878: Syntype, worker(s), queen(s), Calcutta, India, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna.
  • Phyracaces pygmaeus Clark, 1934: Syntype, worker(s) (probable), Kuranda, Queensland, Australia, Museum Victoria, Melbourne.
  • Lioponera longitarsus parva Forel, 1900: Syntype, worker(s), male(s), India.
  • Lioponera bicolor Wheeler, W.M. & Chapman, 1925: Syntype, worker(s), queen(s), male(s), Philippines.
  • Lioponera alfierii Donisthorpe, 1939: Syntype, male(s), Egypt.
  • Lioponera cooperi Donisthorpe, 1939: Syntype, male(s), Egypt.

Description

References