Lordomyrma

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Lordomyrma
Lordomyrma furcifera
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Lordomyrma
Emery, 1897
Type species
Lordomyrma furcifera
Diversity
34 species
(Species Checklist)

Lordomyrma furcifera casent0172482 profile 1.jpg

Lordomyrma furcifera

Lordomyrma furcifera casent0172482 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Members of the genus are small and inconspicuous, maintain colonies of modest size and tend to be shy and retiring when disturbed. Most species are denizens of the leaf litter in wet forest habitat, but some are known to nest and forage arboreally (Lucky and Sarnat 2008, Sarnat 2006).

Identification

Morphologically, the genus is characterized by 12-merous antennae, a simple sting with straight apex, triangular mandibles with seven or more teeth decreasing in size from apex to base, well-developed propodeal spines, a bicarinate clypeus and elongate frontal carinae. All known Asian species and most others have well-defined antennal foveae also (Bolton 1994, Taylor 2009, 2012, Lucky and Sarnat 2010). This morphological interpretation, however, does not apply to all of the described species within the genus, nor does it exclude taxa which belong to morphologically similar genera. Consequently, assigning species to Lordomyrma is problematic, and probably a number of taxa related to Lordomyrma await shuffling (Shattuck 1999, Branstatter 2009, Taylor 2009, 2012, Lucky and Sarnat 2010).

Keys including this Genus

Distribution

World distribution based on political regions. View/Edit Data
Lordomyrma Distribution.png Worlddistribution legend.jpg

Species richness

Species richness by country based on regional taxon lists (countries with darker colours are more species-rich). View Data

Lordomyrma Species Richness.png

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • LORDOMYRMA [Myrmicinae: Stenammini]
    • Lordomyrma Emery, 1897c: 591. Type-species: Lordomyrma furcifera, by subsequent designation of Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 166.
    • [Type-species not Podomyrma caledonica, incorrect subsequent designation by Wheeler, W.M. 1919f: 98.]
    • Lordomyrma senior synonym of Prodicroaspis, Promeranoplus: Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 14; Bolton, 1994: 106.
  • PRODICROASPIS [junior synonym of Lordomyrma]
    • Prodicroaspis Emery, 1914f: 414. Type-species: Prodicroaspis sarasini, by monotypy.
    • Prodicroaspis junior synonym of Lordomyrma: Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 14; Bolton, 1994: 106.
  • PROMERANOPLUS [junior synonym of Lordomyrma]
    • Promeranoplus Emery, 1914f: 412. Type-species: Promeranoplus rouxi, by monotypy.
    • Promeranoplus junior synonym of Lordomyrma: Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 14; Bolton, 1994: 106.


References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 106, Lordomyrma senior synonym of Prodicroaspis and Promeranoplus; Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Stenammini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 204, Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Stenammini [Type-species not Podomyrma caledonica, incorrect subsequent designation by Wheeler, W.M. 1919b:98.])
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 80, Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini)
  • Emery, C. 1897e. Viaggio di Lamberto Loria nella Papuasia orientale. XVIII. Formiche raccolte nella Nuova Guinea dal Dott. Lamberto Loria. [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 38[=(2(18): 577-594 (page 591, Lordomyrma as genus)
  • Emery, C. 1912b. Études sur les Myrmicinae. [I-IV.]. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 56: 94-105 (page 105, Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini[Type-species not Podomyrma caledonica, incorrect subsequent designation by Wheeler, W.M. 1919f: 98.] )
  • Emery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 18: 29-42 (page 41, Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 238, Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini [subtribe Podomyrmini])
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 244, Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 14, , Lordomyrma senior synonym of Prodicroaspis and Promeranoplus; Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini)
  • Kugler, C. 1994. A revision of the ant genus Rogeria with description of the sting apparatus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Hym. Res. 3: 17-89 (page 25, Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini)
  • Lucky, A. and E.M. Sarnat. 2008. New species of Lordomyrma from Southeast Asia and Fiji. Zootaxa. 1681:37-46. PDF
  • Taylor, R.W. 2012. Ants of the genus Lordomyrma Emery (2) The Japanese L. azumai (Santschi) and six new species from India, Viet Nam and the Philippines (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa, 3282, 45–60.
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 139, Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1911g. A list of the type species of the genera and subgenera of Formicidae. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 21: 157-175 (page 166, Type-species: Lordomyrma furcifera, by subsequent designation )
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 663, Lordomyrma in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini)