Machomyrma

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Machomyrma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Machomyrma
Forel, 1895
Type species
Liomyrmex (Machomyrma) dispar, now Pheidole dispar

Machomyrma dispar casent0102459 profile 1.jpg

Machomyrma dispar casent0102459 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Pheidole.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • MACHOMYRMA [junior synonym of Pheidole]
    • Machomyrma Forel, 1895f: 425 [as subgenus of Liomyrmex]. Type-species: Liomyrmex (Machomyrma) dispar, by monotypy.
    • Machomyrma raised to genus: Emery, 1896e: 184.
    • Machomyrma junior synonym of Pheidole: Ward et al., 2014: 15.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 106, Machomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidologetini [Pheidologetonini])
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 210, Machomyrma in Myrmicinae, Solenopsidini)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 81, Machomyrma incertae sedis in Myrmicinae)
  • Emery, C. 1896e. Clef analytique des genres de la famille des Formicides, pour la détermination des neutres. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 40: 172-189 (page 184, Machomyrma as genus)
  • Emery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 18: 29-42 (page 40, Machomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini; Machomyrma as genus)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 76, Machomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini [subtribe Stenammini]; Machomyrma as genus)
  • Forel, A. 1895g. Nouvelles fourmis d'Australie, récoltées à The Ridge, Mackay, Queensland, par M. Gilbert Turner. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 39: 417-428 (page 425, Machomyrma as subgenus of Liomyrmex)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 241, Machomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini; Machomyrma as genus)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 16, Machomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini)
  • Shattuck, S.O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp.
  • Ward, P.S., Brady, S.G., Fisher, B.L. & Schultz, T.R. 2014. The evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/syen.12090.
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 139, Machomyrma in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini; Machomyrma as genus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 661, Machomyrma in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini; Machomyrma as genus)