Meranoplus hirsutus

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Meranoplus hirsutus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Meranoplus
Species: M. hirsutus
Binomial name
Meranoplus hirsutus
Mayr, 1876

Meranoplus hirsutus casent0902051 p 1 high.jpg

Meranoplus hirsutus casent0902051 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Workers are not uncommonly encountered foraging diurnally on vegetation, at least to several metres above ground. Nests in soil or rotting wood on the ground or under stones. Most northern labels specify rainforest, rainforest edges, gallery rainforest or "scrub". In the south, specimens from the Glasshouse Mountains are labeled "dry sclerophyll"; those from Mt. Coottha "med sclerophyll", and from Mt. Nullum "dry sclero, under rock in creek bed". The most southern series (Blue Knob Mt.) is labeled "RF" (= rain-forest). (Taylor 2006)

Identification

Taylor (2006) - Translucent fenestrae at middle and posterolateral sections of promesonotal shield; shield not strongly arched in frontal view. Colour as illustrated – generally medium reddish-brown, gaster brightly orange-brown. A distinctively coloured, spinose and hirsute species, relatively heavily sculptured. No other known Meranoplus species with similar general colouration or with HWE less than 1.10 mm is as sharply or brightly bicoloured, none have such well-developed promesonotal spination, and few are anything like as densely pilose. No species with equivalent known distribution is at all similar. Meranoplus hirsutus is thus readily recognisable. There is no apparently significant discernable geographical variation.

Distribution

Taylor (2006) - Known from sections of the Great Dividing Range and its eastern flanks south from c.15° 45' S in NE Queensland to ca 28° 30' S in NE New South Wales. Typically in rainforest. Elevational range from near sea level to 950 m (Mt. Windsor Tableland) or "800 - 1000 m" (Black Mountain, ESE of Julatten).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • hirsutus. Meranoplus hirsutus Mayr, 1876: 112 (w.) AUSTRALIA. See also: Taylor, 2006: 21.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Taylor (2006) - The smallest and largest specimens (determined by surveying HWE) in a series of 32 workers from 30 km S of Sarina Qld. (ANIC) have the following dimensions: HW 0.83, 1.03; HWE 0.99, 1.23; HL 0.84, 0.98; CI 99, 105; EL 0.17, 0.22; OI 21, 21; PSW 1.24, 1.42; PSL 0.93, 1.12; PSI 125, 126; GW 1.12, 1.52.

Type Material

References