Meranoplus orientalis

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Meranoplus orientalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Meranoplus
Species: M. orientalis
Binomial name
Meranoplus orientalis
Schödl, 2007

Meranoplus orientalis p.jpg

Restricted to southern Queensland.

Identification

Schödl (2007) - Doubtless M. orientalis is closely related to Meranoplus duyfkeni. However, apart from the completely different distribution there are distinct characteristics that clearly separate the two taxa. The clypeus in orientalis occasionally shows an additional anterio-median blunt bulge, the promesonotum is never translucently flanged and its dentition is either absolutely missing or, in specimens from Morven, slightly more clearly developed but still very similar to that of the type.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • orientalis. Meranoplus orientalis Schödl, 2007: 398, figs. 12, 13, 58, 80 (w.) AUSTRALIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 6.0, HL 1.58, HW 1.79, FC 1.43, CS 1.68, SL 0.98, SI1 55, SI2 58, PML 1.20, PW 1.48, PMD 1.48, PMI2 100, ML 1.70, PTLL 0.50 PTLH 0.65, PTDW 0.63, PPLL 0.45, PPLH 0.70, PPI 64, PPDW 0.64, PT/PP 98.

Mandible with four teeth. Clypeus in full face view bluntly bidentate additionally carinulate, denticles not or only weakly surpassing anterolateral corners of frontal carinae. Head wider than long (CI 115) with the preoccipital corners evenly rounded and the rear margin shallowly concave. Frontal carinae posteriorly parallel-sided, more evenly and not as broadly and translucently narrowing towards clypeus, still distinctly narrower than head width (FI 125). Antennal scrobe in lateral view reaching far beyond middle of length of head posteriorly, distinctly carinulate in whole length, with additional distinct microreticulum, posteriorly ill defined from remainder of head. Genae below scrobal margin and ventrolateral sides of head carinate, preoccipital lobes reticulate. Compound eyes moderately large (EL 0.34, REL 0.21, with 19 ommatidia in the longest row) in lateral view situated slightly behind middle of lateral sides of the head, dorsal ocular margin touching ventral scrobal margin.

Promesonotum trapezoidal, wider than long (PMI 123) without developed shield, propodeal declivity visible from above. Promesonotal projections almost completely reduced with posterolateral spines bluntly triangular and the posterior projections as short denticles. Propodeal spines of medium length (PSL 0.53) situated above middle of length of declivity, massively built, acute and straight and distinctly diverging in dorsal view.

Petiole higher than long (PTI 77), in profile triangular with anterior face straight and unsculptured, the posterior face convex, regularly costate. Postpetiole elongately nodiform, with medium sized ventral tooth. First gastral tergite entirely microreticulate, with interspersed glossy spots, basally an indistinct fine striation may be apparent. Dorsum of head costate, with indistinctly developed microsculpture, frontal margins irregularly sculptured. Promesonotal shield regularly elongately rugose. With pilosity similar to that of preceding species.

Concolorous brown to fuscous.

(n = 4). TL 5.85-6.90, HL 1.38-1.58, HW 1.58-1.83, FC 1.30-1.45, FI 121-126, CI 113-116, CS 1.48-1.70, SL 0.90-0.98, SI1 53-57, SI2 57-61, PML 1.13-1.25, PW 1.33-1.53, PMI 118-125, PMD 1.30-1.55, PMI2 98-102, ML 1.50-1.75, PSL 0.50-0.59, PTLL 0.43-0.50, PTLH 0.59-0.71, PTI 70-77, PTDW 0.53-0.63, PPLL 0.43-0.45, PPLH 0.65-0.73, PPI 62-65, PPDW 0.61-0.64, PT/PP 82-98, EL 0.29-0.34, REL 0.20-0.21, with 17-19 ommatidia in the longest row.

Type Material

Named for its easterly distribution.

References

  • Schödl, S. 2007. Revision of Australian Meranoplus: the Meranoplus diversus group. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80:370-424.