Meranoplus oxleyi

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Meranoplus oxleyi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Meranoplus
Species: M. oxleyi
Binomial name
Meranoplus oxleyi
Forel, 1915

Meranoplus oxleyi casent0908937 p 1 high.jpg

Meranoplus oxleyi casent0908937 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Known from Kimberley and Top End.

Identification

Schödl (2007) - A small species with little variability, except specimens from Larrimah having a more distinct frontal microreticulation. M. oxleyi differs from its closest relatives by the relatively large eyes (REL 0.21-0.24) and by the posteriorly not distinctly converging promesonotal shield.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • oxleyi. Meranoplus diversus r. oxleyi Forel, 1915b: 45 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Raised to species: Taylor, 1990c: 34. See also: Schödl, 2007: 399.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Schödl (2007) - (n = 7). TL 4.40-5.10, HL 1.04-1.25, HW 1.15-1.43, FC 0.98-1.18, CS 1.10-1.34, SL 0.65-0.78, SI1 53-57, SI2 55-60, PML 0.88-1.0, PW 1.05-1.25, PMD 1.20-1.43, PMI2 113-119, ML 1.0-1.25, PTLL 0.33-0.38, PTLH 0.48-0.60, PTDW 0.43-0.54, PPLL 0.30-0.40, PPLH 0.45-0.55, PPI 63-73, PPDW 0.40-0.49, PT/PP 103-111.

Mandible with four teeth. Clypeus in full face view acutely bidentate, medially excavated, not or only weakly surpassing anterolateral frontal angles, glossy except carinulae posterior to dentition. Head moderately wider than long (CI 108-114), preoccipital margin with shallow concavity. Frontal carinae markedly broadened before narrowing towards clypeus, moderately narrower than head width (FI 116-121). Antennal scrobe in lateral view surpassing middle of length of head posteriorly, transversely carinulate in posterior half with additional shagreen, distinctly demarcated from remainder of head. Genae and ventrolateral sides of head carinate to rugose, preoccipital lobes reticulate. Compound eyes medium sized (EL 0.23-0.26, REL 0.21-0.24, with 15-18 ommatidia in the longest row) situated at or slightly behind middle of lateral sides of head in lateral view, dorsal ocular margin confluent with ventral scrobal margin.

Promesonotum moderately wider than long (PMI 113-125), outline partly translucently margined, concealing lateral sides of mesosoma and propodeal declivity. Propodeal spines of medium length (PSL 0.45-0.50) situated above middle of length of declivity, considerably diverging acutely arcuate apically when seen from above.

Petiole distinctly higher than long (PTI 58-68), in profile wedge-shaped with anterior face straight and unsculptured, posterior face convex, distinctly and regularly costate. Postpetiole dorsally nodiform, distinctly tapering towards base, with a well developed tooth, rugose throughout.

First gastral tergite entirely microreticulate with variable amount of glossy spots inbetween, with setose variably sized decumbent to erect pilosity. Most of dorsum of head longitudinally costate to rugose, posteriorly reticulate, interspaces with microsculpture, with rather dense layer of short arcuate decumbent and longer stiff suberect to erect hairs. Promesonotal shield irregularly rugoreticulate with predominantly elongate meshes with pilosity similar to that of head.

Concolorous brown to fuscous, the gaster and appendages brighter.

Type Material

Schödl (2007) - (Kimberley district, Western Australia; worker) Lectotype worker (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève, here designated), “Typus [red label, printed] \ jan [printed] \ Kimberley district [printed] \ N. V. Austr. Mjöberg [printed] \ Meranoplus diversus Sm. oxleyi For. % type \ Coll. A. Forel”; 2 paralectotypes in Australian National Insect Collection and Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet. Remarks: three specimens with identical locality labels, one additionally labeled as type (NHRS) [whether all three are syntypes cannot be stated; however, the specimen with the type label is here regarded to be a paralectotype].

References

  • Forel, A. 1915b. Results of Dr. E. Mjöbergs Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia 1910-13. 2. Ameisen. Ark. Zool. 9(1 16: 1-119 (page 45, worker described)
  • Schödl, S. 2007. Revision of Australian Meranoplus: the Meranoplus diversus group. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80:370-424.
  • Taylor, R. W. 1990d. The nomenclature and distribution of some Australian and New Caledonian ants of the genus Meranoplus Fr. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Gen. Appl. Entomol. 22: 31-40 (page 34, Raised to species)