Mesoponera caffraria

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Mesoponera caffraria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Mesoponera
Species: M. caffraria
Binomial name
Mesoponera caffraria
(Smith, F., 1858)

Pachycondyla caffraria sam-hym-c000689a profile 1.jpg

Pachycondyla caffraria sam-hym-c000689a dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Botswana, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa (type locality), Uganda, Zimbabwe.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Mesoponera caffraria for further details


Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • caffraria. Ponera caffraria Smith, F. 1858b: 91 (q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Forel, 1913a: 108 (w.); Arnold, 1915: 65 (w.m.); Emery, 1899c: 5 (l.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971b: 1206 (l.). Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera): Emery, 1901a: 46; in Mesoponera: Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971b: 1206; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 303; in Mesoponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 110. Senior synonym of guineensis: Mayr, 1895: 125; Emery, 1911d: 81; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 775. Current subspecies: nominal plus affinis, caffra.
  • guineensis. Ponera guineensis André, 1890: 318 (w.) SIERRA LEONE. Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera): Santschi, 1935b: 258. Subspecies of caffraria: Santschi, 1935b: 258. Junior synonym of caffraria: Mayr, 1895: 125; Emery, 1911d: 81; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 775; Bolton, 1995b: 305.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ponera caffraria

Holotype alate queen in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “Port Natal. 56/63.” Acc. Reg.: “1856 no. 63 (May 24) Port Natal. Purchased of Stevens. Collected by Mr Plant.”

Description

References

  • Arnold, G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 1-159 (page 5, worker, male described)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 303, Combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Emery, C. 1899g. Intorno alle larve di alcune formiche. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5) 8: 3-10 (page 5, larva described)
  • Emery, C. 1901b. Notes sur les sous-familles des Dorylines et Ponérines (Famille des Formicides). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 32-54 (page 46, Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera))
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 81, senior synonym of quineensis)
  • Forel, A. 1913a. Fourmis de Rhodesia, etc. récoltées par M. G. Arnold, le Dr. H. Brauns et K. Fikendey. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 57: 108-147 (page 108, worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1895. Afrikanische Formiciden. Ann. K-K. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10: 124-154 (page 125, senior synonym of quineensis)
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 91, queen described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1971b. Ant larvae of the subfamily Ponerinae: second supplement. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 6 64: 1197-1217 (page 1206, larva described, Combination in Mesoponera)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922j. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 711-1004 (page 775, senior synonym of quineensis)