Messor ebeninus

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Messor ebeninus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. ebeninus
Binomial name
Messor ebeninus
Santschi, 1927

Messor ebeninus casent0249822 p 1 high.jpg

Messor ebeninus casent0249822 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

At Rawdhat Khorim, Saudi Arabia, worker activity has two peaks of abundance, in April and December, decreasing from July through October (Sharaf et al., 2013).



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon (type locality), Montenegro, Oman, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb This species is known to occur in the Middle East (Abdul-Rassoul et al. 2013) and is widely distributed throughout the Arabian Peninsula (Collingwood, 1985, Collingwood and Agosti, 1996) (Sharaf et al., 2013).





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • ebeninus. Messor semirufus var. ebeninus Santschi, 1927c: 229 (w.) LEBANON. [First available use of Messor barbarus subsp. semirufus var. ebenina Forel, 1910a: 10; unavailable name.] Finzi, 1936: 160 (q.). Raised to species: Tohmé, G. 1971: 569. Junior synonym of semirufus: Baroni Urbani, 1974: 227. Revived from synonymy: Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. 1981: 142; Collingwood, 1985: 249. See also: Tohmé, G. 1975: 171.



  • Abdul-Rassoul, M.S., Ali, H.B. & Augul, R.SH. 2013. New Records of Unidentified Ants worker (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) stored in Iraqi Natural History Museum with key to Species. Adv. Biores., Vol 4 (2): 27-33.
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna Saudi Arab. 7: 230-302 (page 249, Revived from synonymyto)
  • Finzi, B. 1936. Risultati scientifici della spedizione di S. A. S. il Principe Alessandro della Torre e Tasso nell'Egitto e peninsola del Sinai. XI. Formiche. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Egypte 20: 155-210 (page 160, queen described)
  • Forel, A. 1910a. Glanures myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 54: 6-32 (page 10, First available use of Messor barbarus subsp. semirufus var. ebenina; unavailable name.)
  • Santschi, F. 1927d. Revision des Messor du groupe instabilis Sm. (Hymenopt.). Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 225-250 (page 229, worker described)
  • Tohmé, G. 1971 [1970]. Description de Messor ebeninus (Forel) (Hymenoptera: Formicoidea - Myrmecidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Egypte 54: 569-577 (page 569, Raised to species)
  • Tohmé, G. 1975. Écologie, biologie de la reproduction et éthologie de Messor ebeninus Forel (Hymenoptera, Formicoidea-Myrmicidae). Bull. Biol. Fr. Belg. 109: 171-251 (page 171, see also)
  • Tohmé, G.; Tohmé, H. 1981. Les fourmis du genre Messor en Syrie. Position systématique. Description de quelques ailés et de formes nouvelles. Répartition géographique. Ecol. Mediterr. 7(1 1: 139-153 (page 142, Revived from synonymy)