Messor semirufus

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Messor semirufus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. semirufus
Binomial name
Messor semirufus
(André, 1883)

Messor semirufus casent0217877 p 1 high.jpg

Messor semirufus casent0217877 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India.
Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • semirufus. Aphaenogaster barbara var. semirufa André, 1883b: 355 (w.q.) vicinity of CASPIAN SEA. Combination in Messor: Ruzsky, 1905b: 750. Junior synonym of caducus: Emery, 1891b: 11. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of barbarus: Emery, 1908e: 447; Forel, 1910a: 9; Santschi, 1921a: 110. Raised to species: Santschi, 1927c: 227; Menozzi, 1933b: 52; Collingwood, 1985: 252. Senior synonym of kutteri, nigricans and material of the unavailable name obscurior referred here: Baroni Urbani, 1974: 227. Current subspecies: nominal plus emeryi, grandinidus.
  • nigriceps. Messor semirufus var. nigriceps Santschi, 1929e: 144 (w.) ISRAEL. [Junior primary homonym of nigriceps Santschi, above.] Replacement name: nigricans Santschi, 1932f: 517.
  • nigricans. Messor semirufus var. nigricans Santschi, 1932f: 517. Replacement name for nigriceps Santschi, 1929e: 144. [Junior primary homonym of nigriceps Santschi, 1925g: 341.] [Unresolved junior primary homonym of nigricans Santschi, above.] Junior synonym of semirufus: Baroni Urbani, 1974: 227.
  • kutteri. Messor semirufus var. kutteri Santschi, 1934d: 275 (w.) ITALY. Junior synonym of semirufus: Baroni Urbani, 1974: 227.



  • Abdul-Rassoul, M.S., Ali, H.B. & Augul, R.SH. 2013. New Records of Unidentified Ants worker (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) stored in Iraqi Natural History Museum with key to Species. Adv. Biores., Vol 4 (2): 27-33.
  • André, E. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. (page 355, worker, queen described)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1974a. Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia. XII. Le Isole Pontine. Fragm. Entomol. 9: 225-252 (page 227, Senior synonym of kutteri and nigricans, and material of the unavailable name obscurior referred here.)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1961a [1960]. The third Danish Expedition to Central Asia. Zoological Results 27. Formicidae (Insecta) from Afghanistan. Vidensk. Medd. Dan. Naturhist. Foren. 123: 51-79 PDF
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna Saudi Arab. 7: 230-302 (page 252, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1891c. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, iii + 21 pp. (page 11, Junior synonym of caducus)
  • Emery, C. 1908f. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil III. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 437-465 (page 447, Revived from synonymy as subspecies of barbarus)
  • Forel, A. 1910a. Glanures myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 54: 6-32 (page 9, Revived from synonymy as subspecies of barbarus)
  • Menozzi, C. 1933b. Le formiche della Palestina. Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 12: 49-113 (page 52, Raised to species)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. Tr. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 38(4-6 6: 1-800 (page 750, Combination in Messor)
  • Santschi, F. 1921a. Notes sur les fourmis paléarctiques. II. Fourmis d'Asie Mineure récoltées par M. H. Gadeau de Kerville. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 110-116 (page 110, Revived from synonymy as subspecies of barbarus)
  • Santschi, F. 1927d. Revision des Messor du groupe instabilis Sm. (Hymenopt.). Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 225-250 (page 227, Raised to species)