Mexico

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Mexico
Mexico in its region.svg.png
Location
Region Americas
Subregion Central America
BioRegion Neotropical Region
Diversity
Subfamilies 11
Genera 98
Endemic Genera 0
% Endemic Genera 0.0%
Species/Subspecies 1073
Endemic Species 208
% Endemic Species 19.4%
Introduced Species 0

The following 630 valid species and subspecies of ants are known to occur in Mexico. Unidentified and undescribed species will be added to this list as identifications are verified and taxonomic revisions are published. This species list is based upon the effort of many ant collectors as well as myrmecologists who have published on the taxonomy of Mexican ants. Those who have specimen records that expand this list are encouraged to submit this information in the discussion section of the Mexican Ants web page. Please advise if any corrections are warranted.

For more information on the ants of Sonora, Mexico visit our new collaborative page Ants of the state of Sonora, Mexico.

Acanthognathus

Acanthoponera

Acanthostichus

Acromyrmex

Acropyga

Adelomyrmex

Anochetus

Anoplolepis

Aphaenogaster

Apterostigma

Atta

Azteca

Belonopelta

Brachymyrmex

Camponotus

Cardiocondyla

Carebara

Cephalotes

Cheliomyrmex

Colobopsis

Crematogaster

Cryptopone

Cylindromyrmex

Cyphomyrmex

Discothyrea

Dolichoderus

Dorymyrmex

Eciton

Ectatomma

Eurhopalothrix

Forelius

Formica

Fulakora

Gnamptogenys

Hylomyrma

Hypoponera

Labidus

Lachnomyrmex

Lasius

Leptanilloides

Leptogenys

Leptothorax

Linepithema

Liometopum

Megalomyrmex

Monomorium

Mycetosoritis

Mycocepurus

Myrmecina

Myrmecocystus

Myrmelachista

Myrmica

Myrmicocrypta

Neivamyrmex

Neoponera

Nesomyrmex

Nomamyrmex

Novomessor

Nylanderia

Octostruma

Odontomachus

Oxyepoecus

Pachycondyla

Paratrechina

Pheidole

Platythyrea

Pogonomyrmex

Polyergus

Ponera

Prenolepis

Prionopelta

Probolomyrmex

Proceratium

Procryptocerus

Pseudomyrmex

Pseudoponera

Rasopone

Rhopalothrix

Rogeria

Sericomyrmex

Solenopsis

Stenamma

Strumigenys

Syllophopsis

Syscia

Tapinoma

Tatuidris

Temnothorax

Tetramorium

Thaumatomyrmex

Trachymyrmex

Tranopelta

Typhlomyrmex

Veromessor

Wasmannia

Xenomyrmex

Zatania

Uncertain species

The following species were described from Mexico but their true identities are currently unknown.

References

  • Brown, W.L.,Jr. 1957e. In Paynter, R.A. (ed.). Biological investigations in the Selva Lacandona, Chiapas, Mexico. 4. Ants from Laguna Ocotal. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 116: 228-237. [(30).iv.1957.]
  • Buren, W.F. 1944b. A new fungus growing ant from Mexico. Psyche 51: 5-7. [(30).vi.1944.]
  • Castaño-Meneses, G. 2014. Trophic guild structure of a canopy ants community in a mexican tropical deciduous forest. Sociobiology 61(1):35-42. [2014-03]
  • Creighton, W.S. 1953e. A new subspecies of Xenomyrmex stolli from northeastern Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1634: 1-5. [14.xii.1953.]
  • Creighton, W.S. & Gregg, R.E. 1955. New and little-known species of Pheidole from the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. University of Colorado Studies. Series in Biology 3: 1-46. [(30).ix.1955.]
  • Mackay, W.P. 1998b. A remarkable new species of Paratrechina from the state of Colima, Mexico. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 74: 99-101. [1998.]
  • Mackay, W.P. 1998c. Dos especies nuevas de hormigas de la tribu Attini de Costa Rica y México: Mycetosoritis vinsoni y Mycocepurus curvispinosus. Revista de Biologia Tropical 46: 421-426. [1998.]
  • Mackay, W.P. & Mackay, E.E. 1997a. Una nueva especie de hormiga del género Trachymyrmex del Estado de Chihuahua, México. Sociobiology 30: 43-49. [1997.]
  • Mackay, W.P., Mackay, E.E., Dominguez, J.F.P., Sanchez, L.I.V. & Orozco, P.V. 1985. Las hormigas del Estado de Chihuahua, Mexico: el genero Pogonomyrmex. Sociobiology 11: 39-54. [(31.xii).1985.]
  • Marques, T., Vásquez-Bolaños, M. & Quesada, M. 2011. A new species of the genus Tetramorium from Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico. Sociobiology 57: 115-122.
  • Pergande, T. 1893. On a collection of Formicidae from Lower California and Sonora, Mexico. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (2) 4: 26-36. [6.xi.1893.]
  • Pergande, T. 1894. Formicidae of Lower California, Mexico. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (2) 4: 161-165. [28.ix.1894.]
  • Reza, A. 1925. Recursos alimenticios de Mexico de origen animal poco conocidos. Memorias y Revista de la Sociedad Cientifica "Antonio Alzate" 44: 1-22. [(28).ii.1925.]
  • Smith, M.R. 1949d. A new species of Camponotus, subg. Colobopsis, from Mexico. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 57: 177-181. [12.ix.1949.]
  • Snelling, R.R. & Cover, S.P. 1992. Description of a new Proceratium from Mexico. Psyche 99: 49-53. [4.xii.1992.]
  • Varela-Hernández, F. & Castaño-Meneses, G. 2011. Neivamyrmex albacorpus, a new species of ant from Metztitlán, Hidalgo, Mexico. Sociobiology 58: 579-584.
  • Vásquez-Bolaños, M. 2007. Una especie nueva del género Tetramorium Mayr de Mascota, Valisco, Mexico. Dugesiana 14: 93-97.
  • Vásquez-Bolaños, M., Castaño-Meneses, G. & Guzmán-Mendoza, R. 2011. New species of Tetramorium from Puebla State, Mexico. Neotropical Entomology 40: 452-455.
  • Vásquez-Bolaños, M. & Mackay, W.E. 2004. Una especie nueva de la hormiga cosechadora del género Pogonomyrmex de Mexico. Sociobiology 44: 283-287.
  • Wasmann, E. 1915a. Eine neue Pseudomyrma aus der Ochsenhorndornakazie in Mexico mit Bemerkungen über Ameisen in Akaziendornen und ihre Gäste. Ein krisitscher Beitrag zur Pflanzen-Myrmekophilie. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 58: 296-325. [15.x.1915.]
  • Watkins, J.F. II. 1974. Neivamyrmex angulimandibulatus, new species from Cordoba, Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 19: 309-312. [23.ix.1974.]
  • Watkins, J.F. II. 1975a. Neivamyrmex cornutus n. sp. from Oaxaca, Mexico. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 48: 92-95. [22.i.1975.]
  • Watkins, J.F. II. 1982. The Army Ants of Mexico. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55: 197-247. [20.iv.1982.]
  • Watkins, J.F. II. 1986. Neivamyrmex chamelensis, n. sp. from Jalisco, Mexico. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 59: 361-366. [28.v.1986.]
  • Watkins, J.F. II. 1990. Neivamyrmex crassiscapus n. sp., from Mexico. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 64: 348-350. [31.v.1990.]
  • Wheeler, W.M. 1909b. Ants collected by Prof. F. Silvestri in Mexico. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia generale e agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura in Portici 3: 228-238. [2.iv.1909.]
  • Wheeler, W.M. 1911h. Three new ants from Mexico and Central America. Psyche 18: 203-208. [(31).xii.1911.]
  • Wheeler, W.M. 1914b. Ants collected by W.M. Mann in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 22: 37-61. [(31).iii.1914.]
  • Wheeler, W.M. 1934f. Ants from the islands off the west coast of Lower California and Mexico. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 10: 132-144. [17.x.1934.]