Monomorium areniphilum

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Monomorium areniphilum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. areniphilum
Binomial name
Monomorium areniphilum
Santschi, 1911

Monomorium areniphilum casent0010990 profile 1.jpg

Monomorium areniphilum casent0010990 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels



Bolton (1987):

Worker. TL 3.1-4.3, HL 0.86-1.04, HW 0.67-0.88, CI 78-88, SL 0.68-0.88, SI 98-104, PW 0.40-0.53, AL 0.95-1.24 (30 measured).

Anterior margin of median portion of clypeus evenly shallowly concave. Eyes large, the maximum diameter 0.30-0.35 x HW and with 12-14 ommatidia in the longest row. Sides of head evenly shallowly convex in full-face view, the occipital margin approximately transverse to broadly but shallowly concave. Pronotum and anterior portion of mesonotum in profile evenly convex; median portion of mesonotum flat to shallowly convex, sometimes even slightly indented; posterior one-third (approximately) of mesonotum suddenly sloping much more steeply to the conspicuously impressed metanotal groove. Highest point of propodeal dorsum behind the metanotal groove on a much lower level than the highest point of the promesonotum. In dorsal view the propodeum with a narrow flattened median longitudinal strip, the dorsum and sides separated by bluntly rounded margins.

Dorsum of head with 1-2 pairs of standing hairs, which straddle the midline; occipital corners without hairs. Dorsal alitrunk without standing hairs. Petiole node with one pair, postpetiole with 2-3 pairs (very rarely with 4 pairs) of backward directed hairs. First gastral tergite without standing hairs except for the apical transverse row, or at most with a single pair at or near the midlength of the sclerite.

Dorsum of head with fine dense reticulate to reticulate-shagreenate sculpture; this often extensively overlaid, especially mid-dorsally, by exceptionally fine dense scratch-like longitudinal sculpture. Dorsal alitrunk reticulate to shallowly reticulate-punctate, the propodeum more strongly sculptured than the pronotum; intensity of sculpture variable between series. First gastral tergite at least with superficial reticular patterning, more often this is overlaid by a secondary fine shagreening. Colour brown, very variable in shade.

I am grouping the names areniphilum, lepineyi and pullulum as a single species here, based on the following combination of five characters within the Salomonis-group.

  • Eyes both relatively and absolutely large (see measurements above).
  • Antennal scapes of moderate length (SI 98-104).
  • Characteristic outline shape of dorsal alitrunk (Fig. 46).
  • Cephalic sculpture (as described above).
  • Very reduced dorsal pilosity (as described above).

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Mali, Niger, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sudan, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Tunisia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • areniphilum. Monomorium salomonis var. areniphila Santschi, 1911f: 84 (w.) TUNISIA. Emery, 1915e: 378 (q.). Combination in M. (Xeromyrmex): Emery, 1922e: 177. Subspecies of salomonis: Santschi, 1936a: 50. Raised to species: Collingwood, 1985: 269. Senior synonym of lepineyi, pullula: Bolton, 1987: 336.
  • pullula. Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) salomonis var. pullula Santschi, 1919: 235 (w.) SENEGAL. Subspecies of salomonis: Santschi, 1934b: 33. Junior synonym of areniphilum: Bolton, 1987: 336.
  • lepineyi. Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) salomonis var. lepineyi Santschi, 1934b: 34, figs. 5, 6 (w.) SUDAN. Junior synonym of areniphilum: Bolton, 1987: 336.



  • Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 54: 263-452 (page 336, Senior synonym of lepineyi and pullula)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna Saudi Arab. 7: 230-302 (page 269, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1915c. Su due formiche della Tripolitania. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 9: 378 (page 378, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 177, Combination in M. (Xeromyrmex))
  • Santschi, F. 1911f. Formicides nouveaux de l'Afrique Mineure (4e note suite). Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 2: 78-85 (page 84, worker described)
  • Santschi, F. 1936a. Étude sur les fourmis du genre Monomorium Mayr. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 16: 32-64 (page 50, Stirps of salomonis)