Monomorium castaneum

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Monomorium castaneum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. castaneum
Binomial name
Monomorium castaneum
Heterick, 2001

Known from three collections, two of them single workers, from three Australian states Heterick (2001).

Identification

Heterick (2001) - A member of the monomorium group. This species stands in the same relation to M. fieldi as Monomorium megalops does to Monomorium sordidum. The worker is virtually identical to a typical M. fieldi worker, except for the conformation of the compound eye, and sculpture on the katepisternum. (Some M. fieldi workers have vestigial microreticulation on this sclerite.) The queen is similar to the M. fieldi queen, though with a mat or shagreenate propodeum. Future research may well sink M. castaneum under M. fieldi, though they are treated as separate species in this work. Monomorium castaneum can be distinguished from the similar Monomorium nanum, by the rounded propodeum and small metapleural lobes.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • castaneum. Monomorium castaneum Heterick, 2001: 398, fig. 36 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

HML 1.10; HL 0.41; HW 0.37; CeI 89; SL 0.33; SI 89; PW 0.22.

As for the worker of Monomorium fieldi, but with the following apomorphies.

Head. Frons of head capsule smooth and shining with evenly spaced, appressed setulae, or longitudinally striate with well-spaced, appressed setulae. Compound eyes reniform, with posterior surface of eye emarginate; (viewed from front) compound eyes set in anterior half of head capsule; (viewed laterally) compound eyes set posterior of midline of head capsule; eye large, eye width greater than 1.5 x greatest width of antenna! scape. Venter of head capsule without elongate, basket-shaped setae.

Alitrunk. Promesonotal sculpture present in form of microreticulation and striolae on and around katepisternum, otherwise promesonotum smooth and shining; setulae appressed. Propodeal sculpture present as faint microreticulation with few striae, mainly on lower lateral surface; dorsal propodeal face strongly convex. Declivitous face of propodeum smoothly convex. Erect and suberect propodeal setae >5. Propodeal spiracle lateral and nearer metanotal groove than declivitous face of propodeum.

Petiole and postpetiole. Petiolar node conical, dorsally rounded, or conical, sharply tapered; sculpture absent, petiolar node smooth and shining. Ratio of greatest node breadth (viewed from front) to greatest node width (viewed in profile) near 4:3. Ventral lobe present in some individuals. Height ratio of petiole to postpetiole near 4:3; height-length ratio of postpetiole near 2:1.

General characters. Colour alitrunk, petiole and postpetiole tawny orange, head, gaster, and appendages brown. Worker caste monomorphic.

Queen

HML 1.98-2.03; HL 0.57; HW 0.54-0.56; CeI 94-98; SL 0.41-0.44; SI 73-81; PW 0.41-0.46 (2 measured).

As for the queen of M. fieldi, but with the following apomorphies.

Alitrunk. Mesoscutum in profile convex anteriad; thereafter flattened. Mesoscutal pilosity consisting of dense incurved setulae and setae; dorsal appearance of mesoscutum smooth and shining; length-width ratio of mesoscutum and scutellum combined near 2:1. Axillae separated by distance less than half greatest width of scutellum. Propodeal sculpture present as uniform microreticulation, with few or no striae or costulae; dorsal propodeal face flattened. Metapleurallobes present as blunt flanges. Erect and suberect propodeal setae 5-10. Propodeal spiracle lateral and nearer metanotal groove than declivitous face of propodeum.

Petiole and postpetiole. Petiolar spiracle lateral and in anterior sector of petiolar node. Petiolar node conical, dorsally rounded; sculpture present in form of microreticulation. Ratio of greatest node breadth (viewed from front) to greatest node width (viewed in profile) near 1:1.

General characters. Colour of gaster chocolate; other body parts tan. Brachypterous alates seen and examined. Ergatoid or worker-female intercastes seen and examined.

Type Material

Etymology

Latin: “brown, the color of chestnuts”.

References