Monomorium eremoides

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Monomorium eremoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. eremoides
Binomial name
Monomorium eremoides
Sparks, 2015

This is a cryptic species and is only separable from its sister species Monomorium eremum by analysis of genetic data. M. eremoides has a disjunct distribution with one population found on the northwest coast of Western Australia and one in central Australia. Monomorium eremum has a more continuous distribution that spans the northwestern and central deserts of Australia and together with M. subapterum is the most commonly found species in the M. rothsteini complex in the arid centre of the country.

Identification

Sparks et al. (2015) - A member of the M. rothsteini complex. A large, very dark brown, glossy species with large eyes and a heavily sculptured mesonotum. This species cannot be separated morphologically from Monomorium eremum but both M. eremoides and M. eremum are two of the most distinctive species in the M. rothsteini complex and can be distinguished from all other species by combination of dark cuticular colour, sinuous clypeal margin and sculptured mesonotum.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

This species is known from only from the far west coast of Western Australia and the Davenport Ranges in the Northern Territory.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Genetics

COI sequences. Genbank accession numbers for this species are KC572947 and KC572966.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • eremoides. Monomorium eremoides Sparks, in Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 501, figs. 4j–l, 11b (w.) AUSTRALIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Monomorium eremoides and M. eremum are separated based on mtDNA evidence presented in Sparks et al. (2014).

Description

Worker

(n=9). HW 0.78–0.74, HL 0.82–0.99, EL 0.2–0.21, PMH 0.27–0.35, PH 0.27–0.31, PNH 0.2–0.23, LHW 0.45–0.6, EW 0.12–0.14, PML 0.53–0.64, ML 0.9–1.05, PL 0.39–0.47, PNWdv 0.21–0.27.

Large species with a medium-sized, rectangular head, posterior cephalic margin mildly depressed centrally to almost straight. Anterodorsal margin of the clypeus sinuous to almost straight, frontolateral carinae forming smooth ridges; anteroventral margin without a small median projection, margin appears straight. Sculpture on frons limited to a few strigae only present on antennal lobes; coarse lateral cephalic strigae reach anterior margin of eye or if not reaching, with a few very fine strigae reaching eye margin. Eyes large and bulbous, EW > 0.23 x LHW, 15 ommatidia in longest vertical axis, 12 in longest horizontal axis.

Mesonotum strigate/rugose over most of surface posteriad of promesonotal suture; metanotal groove deep and broad. Mesopleuron alveolate, dorsally with strigae extending from metanotal groove to promesonotal suture. Propodeum in lateral view with dorsolateral angles almost forming a right angle; posterior margin appears vertical, propodeum appears long and rectangular; sculpture alveolate, laterally with strigae curving from metanotal groove on to dorsal surface, extending over metapleural gland bulla to metanotal groove and over posterior half; dorsally with longitudinal strigae mostly absent, posterodorsal corners prominent and diverging; posterolateral corners with sharp carinae that extend from propodeal lobe onto dorsal surface. Petiole node narrow, less than 2 x eye width when viewed from above; shape in posterior view tapering from widest point just below midline and narrowly rounded dorsally, in lateral view anterior and posterior faces converging to rounded point. Posterior surface of petiole node without sculpture, rarely with fine reticulation along basal posterior margin only, postpetiole with fine reticulation. T1 commonly smooth and shining, rarely with a very fine reticulate pattern covering most of surface.

Dorsal surface of head and antennal scapes dark chestnut brown, ventral surface of head and area laterad of clypeus, mandibles and antennal flagellae light brown, mesosoma and legs dark brown although lighter than dorsal surface of head, metasoma very dark brown, almost black, cuticle with a high gloss.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Western Australia. 9km E 80 mile Beach, -19.8323, 120.6992, 14 Oct 2009, K.S. Sparks, C. Petit, KSS141 (deposited in WAM). Paratypes. 10 workers, same data as holotype; 10 workers, Northern Territory, Bimms Tk, 35km E Davenport Ra NP turnoff, -21.1089, 134.4806, 10 Jun 2009, K.S. Sparks, KSS89 (deposited in WAM, NTM, South Australian Museum).

Etymology

The specific name refers to this species similarity to the species M. eremum.

References

  • Sparks, K.S., Andersen, A.N. and Austin, A.D. 2015. Systematics of the Monomorium rothsteini Forel species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a problematic ant group in Australia. Zootaxa. 3893:489–529. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3893.4.2