| Monomorium holothir|
This species was collected from mangos, Mangifera sp. (Anacardiaceae) imported into Saudi Arabia from Kenya. It was also found in leaf litter next to Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton (Asclepiadaceae). Some workers were found nesting in a thin layer of clay soil above sandy soil, while several workers were collected from leaf litter under a Conocarpus L. tree (Combretaceae) (Sharaf et al., 2018).
Monomorium holothir is a comparatively rare species originally described from Kenya and prior to Sharaf et al. (2018) only known from the type locality (Bolton, 1987; Hita Garcia, Wiesel & Fischer, 2013). Their collections represent a new species record for Saudi Arabia, and it is highly likely an introduction to the country.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- holothir. Monomorium holothir Bolton, 1987: 393 (w.) KENYA.
- Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 54: 263-452 (page 393, worker described)
- Sharaf, M., Al Dhafer, H.M., Aldawood, A.S., Hita Garcia, F. 2018. Ants of the Monomorium monomorium species-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Arabian Peninsula with description of a new species from southwestern Saudi Arabia. PeerJ 6:e4277, pp. 1-31 (DOI 10.7717/peerj.4277).