Monomorium humilior

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Monomorium humilior
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. humilior
Binomial name
Monomorium humilior
Forel, 1910

Little is known about the biology of Monomorium humilior.

Identification

Sparks et al. (2015) - A member of the M. rothsteini complex. A medium sized amber orange to orange brown species with a concave to sinuous clypeus, most specimens with a smooth, raised posterior mesonotum.

This species shows some clinal variation in size, sculpture and colour. Northern specimens collected close to the type locality are somewhat larger with coarser sculpture and with T1 entirely reticulate and more amber orange in colour. Those collected further south, around Alice Springs, are orange brown and most of the sculpture on T1 is very faint and restricted to the anterior third.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

This species is known from the central desert region of the Northern Territory. Its

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Genetics

COI sequences. Genbank accession numbers for this species are KC572889–572892, KC572943–572945 and KC572953.

Castes

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • humilior. Monomorium rothsteini var. humilior Forel, 1910b: 27 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Wheeler, W.M. 1917b: 112 (q.). Combination in Chelaner: Ettershank, 1966: 97; in Monomorium: Taylor, 1987b: 3. Subspecies of rothsteini: Taylor & Brown, D.R. 1985: 58. Junior synonym of rothsteini: Heterick, 2001: 408. Revived from synonymy: Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 507. Raised to species: Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 507.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Sparks et al. (2015) - (n=9). HW 0.86–1.03, HL 0.88–0.99, EL 0.18–0.2, PMH 0.35–0.39, PH 0.29–0.33, PNH 0.21–0.23, LHW 0.57–0.60, EW 0.11–0.13, PML 0.57–0.62, ML 0.92–1.01, PL 0.41–0.47, PNWdv 0.23–0.27.

Medium sized species with a medium sized, square head; posterior cephalic margin straight. Anterodorsal margin of the clypeus somewhat variable: concave with frontolateral carinae forming raise, angular ridges that clearly extend beyond anteroventral clypeal margin as obtuse angles or concave to sinuous with frontolateral carinae forming smooth ridges that barely extend anteriorly beyond anteroventral clypeal margin. Anteroventral margin of the clypeus without a small median projection, margin appears straight. Sculpture on frons strigate, extending well above antennal lobes or restricted to antennal lobes and area in between; coarse lateral cephalic strigae reach anterior eye margin. Eyes medium, EW 0.20–0.23 x LHW, 11–12 ommatidia in longest vertical axis, 10 in longest horizontal axis.

Mesonotum rugulose/strigate on lateral curvature and in metanotal groove, remainder smooth, rarely with strigulae extending onto posterior mesonotum which appears raised in some specimens. Mesopleuron alveolate with strigulae extending anteriorly from metanotal groove in dorsal. Propodeum in lateral view with dorsolateral angles clearly forming an obtuse angle or rounded; laterally alveolate with strigulae extending over metapleural gland bulla, not reaching metanotal groove; most specimens with strigulae extending posteriorly from metanotal groove, reaching at least half way to spiracle; dorsal surface with anterodorsal transverse carina weakly present, transverse strigae present, longitudinal strigae present as broken, convergent lines. Petiole node of moderate width, 2 and 2.5 x eye width when viewed from above; shape in posterior view tapering from midline to broadly rounded apex or cuneate in specimens around Alice Springs, in lateral view anterior and posterior faces converging, apex broadly rounded from higher anterior face to lower posterior face when viewed laterally. Petiole and postpetiole finely reticulate in most specimens, dorsally smooth, some specimens with sculpture restricted to basal half of petiole node. T1 finely reticulate over entire surface or with sculpture restricted to anterior third.

Head and mesosoma dark amber orange, antennal scapes and legs brown, petiole and postpetiole dorsally infuscated, metasoma dark brown, almost black.

Queen

Sparks et al. (2015) - (n=1). HW 1.66, HL 1.42, EW 0.27, EL 0.37, ML 2.50, PeH 0.80, PNWdv 0.60, PPH 0.57.

Head triangular, broader behind the eyes that in front, vertex straight sculpture entirely strigate over frontal and lateral surfaces except clypeus smooth, frontal clypeal margin very mildly concave. Mandibles strigate with a large apical and two smaller preapical teeth. When angled towards eye antennal scapes not surpassing dorsal eye margin. Mesoscutum in profile evenly rounded from pronotum to scutellum, scutellum rounded and raise only slightly above surface of mesoscutum, surface smooth and shining except for pitted setal insertion points and lateral margins which are rugulose strigate. Pronotum and anterodorsal half of mesopleuron above central groove finely reticulate, posteroventral half strigulate. Propodeum with many raised ridges over entire surface, finely reticulate in between ridges. Petiole node triangular in profile, rectangular in posterior view with a straight dorsal margin, laterally with raised ridges that curve from junctures with propodeum and postpetiole towards dorsum, anterior and posterior surfaces with shallow alveolae. Metasomal tergites and sternites finely reticulate.

Distinctly bicoloured with head, legs and metasoma amber orange except area around ocelli infuscated and mesosoma light to dark brown.

Male

Sparks et al. (2015) - (n=1). HW 1.46, HL 1.03, EW 0.33, EL 0.49, ML 2.36, PeH 0.62, PNWdv 0.60, PPH 0.53.

Head triangular with three ocelli. Eyes large, bulbous, oval in shape and positioned at an angle in lateral view such than longest axis point towards nearest lateral ocellus. Clypeus raised and rounded centrally, anterior margin straight. Mandibles with large apical tooth and two smaller teeth. When angled towards the eye antennal scapes, not surpassing dorsal eye margin. Sculpture coarsely rugose over entire surface, a few raised, transverse strigae present on clypeus and in between antennal insertion points.

Mesoscutum in profile evenly convex from anterior to posterior margin, sculpture coarsely alveolate-rugose tending towards rugulose-strigate anteriorly except for a narrow triangle that runs centrally from anterior margin to centre which is finely reticulate. Parapsidal lines present. Pronotum reticulate, rugose along dorsal margin. Scutellum large and bulbous with a central depression, sculpture alveolate-rugose. Mesopleuron finely reticulate with strigate overlay, reticulate only on anterior half above median groove. Propodeum finely reticulate, irregularly strigate on lateral surfaces only. Petiole and postpetiole with a flattened dorsal surface in lateral view, in dorsal view with a small median depression giving a slightly bilobed appearance, sculpture reticulate, strigate on posterior surface of petiole, petiole only slightly taller than postpetiole.

Metasomal tergites and sternites finely reticulate over entire surface. Head and mesosoma dark reddish brown to dark brown, mandibles yellow, mandibular teeth amber. Metasoma dark reddish brown, posterior margins of tergites yellow.

Head and mesosoma with large numbers of long, erect white setae except for central triangle on mesoscutum which is glabrous. Remained of specimen with hairs sloughed off.

Type Material

  • Lectotype (designated by Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 507), worker, Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, Australia, J.F. Field, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève; 269.
  • Paralectotype (designated by Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 507), 2 workers, 1 queen, Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, Australia, J.F. Field, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.

References

  • Sparks, K.S., Andersen, A.N. and Austin, A.D. 2015. Systematics of the Monomorium rothsteini Forel species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a problematic ant group in Australia. Zootaxa. 3893:489–529. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3893.4.2