Monomorium leda

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Monomorium leda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. leda
Binomial name
Monomorium leda
Forel, 1915

Little is known about the biology of Monomorium leda.

Identification

Sparks et al. (2015) - A member of the M. rothsteini complex. A medium sized amber orange species with small eyes and a deeply concave anterodorsal margin of the clypeus. The mesosoma is without dorsal sculpture except posteriorly and in the extreme lateral areas. T1 is smooth and the dorsal surface of the propodeum lacks longitudinal and transverse strigae.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

This species is known only from the type locality which is the Kimberley region of northern Western Australia. The exact locality is unknown.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • leda. Monomorium rothsteini var. leda Forel, 1915b: 71 (w.m.) AUSTRALIA. Combination in Chelaner: Ettershank, 1966: 97; in Monomorium: Taylor, 1987b: 3. Subspecies of rothsteini: Taylor & Brown, D.R. 1985: 58. Junior synonym of rothsteini: Heterick, 2001: 408. Revived from synonymy: Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 510. Raised to species: Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 510.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Sparks et al. (2015) - The concept of M. leda adopted here is based on the workers from the Kimberley district and those from Alice River, Queensland clearly belong to a different, as yet undescribed species. It is not possible to determine from Forel’s original description which population was used for the species concept and we have therefore chosen the population with the majority of type material. A further complication has emerged from Forel’s original syntype series in that two morphotypes are represented by the five male specimens from the Kimberley district, clearly representing two distinct species, neither of which can be associated with the worker caste as this time.

Description

Worker

Sparks et al. (2015) - (n=9). HW 0.82–0.90, HL 0.86–0.96, EL 0.14–0.17, PMH 0.33–0.47, PH 0.27–0.31, PNH 0.20–0.23, LHW 0.53–0.59, EW 0.10–0.12, PML 0.47–0.64, ML 0.86–1.05, PL 0.41–0.47, PNWdv 0.23–0.30.

Medium sized species with a medium sized, rectangular head; posterior cephalic margin mildly depressed in the centre. Anterodorsal margin of the clypeus deeply concave with angular frontolateral carinae extending beyond anteroventral clypeal margin forming obtuse angles; anteroventral margin with a small median projection. Frons strigae restricted to antennal lobes and area in between or limited to a few strigae only on antennal lobes; coarse lateral cephalic strigae not reaching eye margin in a majority of specimens, a few very fine strigae may reach eye margin. Eyes small, EW < 0.20 x LHW, 12 ommatidia in longest vertical axis, 9 in longest horizontal axis.

Mesonotum mostly smooth with coarse strigae extending from metanotal groove onto lateral portions of posterior mesonotum only, rugulose between strigae, shallowly alveolate to rugose on lateral curvature posteriad of promesonotal suture line; posterior mesonotum centrally smooth and flat, contiguous with surrounding surface of mesonotum in a majority of specimens, some specimens with the posterior mesonotum slightly raised. Mesopleuron alveolate, a few strigae on dorsal half. Propodeum in lateral view with dorsolateral angles clearly forming an obtuse angle; laterally alveolate with strigae over the metapleural gland bulla extending to metapleural groove; dorsal surface with anterodorsal transverse carina absent in a majority of specimens, very weakly present in a few specimens, transverse and longitudinal strigae absent. Petiole node of medium breadth, between 2 and 2.5 x eye width when viewed from above; shape in posterior view oval; in lateral view anterior and posterior faces converging, apex rounded from higher anterior face to lower posterior face. Posterior surface of petiole node finely reticulate laterally only; postpetiole faintly reticulate laterally and along posterior basal margin. T1 completely smooth and without sculpture.

Head, mesosoma and legs amber orange to orange brown, petiole and postpetiole dorsally infuscated, metasomal tergites light to dark brown.

Type Material

  • Lectotype (designated by Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 507), worker, Kimberley District, Western Australia, Australia, E.G. Mjöberg, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
  • Paralectotype (designated by Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 507), 14 workers, Kimberley District, Western Australia, Australia, E.G. Mjöberg, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
  • Paralectotype (designated by Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 507), 2 workers, Kimberley District, Western Australia, Australia, E.G. Mjöberg, Australian National Insect Collection.

References

  • Sparks, K.S., Andersen, A.N. and Austin, A.D. 2015. Systematics of the Monomorium rothsteini Forel species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a problematic ant group in Australia. Zootaxa. 3893:489–529. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3893.4.2