Monomorium pilbara

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Monomorium pilbara
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. pilbara
Binomial name
Monomorium pilbara
Sparks, 2015

Several ergatoid-like females have been collected foraging with workers outside a nest at Tom Price. These specimens are somewhat larger, with a well-defined promesonotal suture, scutellum and coarser sculpture but otherwise closely resemble the workers. (Sparks et al. 2015)

Identification

Sparks et al. (2015) - A member of the M. rothsteini complex. A medium sized, amber orange species with a concave clypeus and a median projection on the anteroventral clypeal margin. Transverse and longitudinal strigae are absent from the dorsal surface of the propodeum, and the petiole node is narrow.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

This species is known only from the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Genetics

COI sequences. Genbank accession numbers for this species are KC572977–KC572979 and KC572981–KC572982.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • pilbara. Monomorium pilbara Sparks, in Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2015: 515, figs. 7a–c, 11e (w.) AUSTRALIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(n=9). HW 0.78–0.94, HL 0.84–0.88, EL 0.16–0.18, PMH 0.29–0.37, PH 0.25–0.29, PNH 0.18–0.23, LHW 0.45–0.57, EW 0.11–0.12, PML 0.49–0.59, ML 0.82–0.99, PL 0.37–0.45, PNWdv 0.18–0.23.

Medium sized species with a medium sized, rectangular head; posterior cephalic margin very broadly v shaped to shallowly concave. Anterodorsal margin of the clypeus concave with frontolateral carinae extending beyond anteroventral clypeal margin but not forming acute angles and without preapical teeth, most specimens with frontolateral carinae with a wavy margin. Anteroventral margin of the clypeus with a small median projection. Frons with strigae extending well above antennal lobes in some specimens or restricted to antennal lobes and area in between; coarse lateral cephalic strigae reach anterior eye margin. Eyes medium, EW 0.20–0.23 x LHW, 12 ommatidia in longest vertical axis, 9 in longest horizontal axis.

Mesonotum strigulate on lateral curvature, in metanotal groove and extending onto posterior mesonotum, smooth medially; posterior mesonotum appears raised with a faint horseshoe shaped margin in some specimens. Mesopleuron alveolate, without strigae. Propodeum in lateral view with dorsolateral angles clearly forming an obtuse angle, sculpture laterally alveolate with a few strigae extending over metapleural gland bulla only; anterodorsal transverse carina present; transverse and longitudinal strigae absent. Petiole node narrow, width when viewed from above less than 2 x eye width; oval shaped in posterior view, in lateral view sub parallel sided and broadly rounded from higher anterior margin to lower posterior margin. Petiole node finely reticulate laterally and basally but not extending more than half way to dorsal surface, postpetiole faintly reticulate laterally and along posterobasal margin. T1 with fine reticulate sculpture over anterior quarter only.

Head and mesosoma light to dark amber orange, legs orange brown, petiole and postpetiole infuscated on dorsal half, metasoma dark brown, hairs dull yellow.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Western Australia, 4km S Newman, -23.3657, 119.7839, 19 Oct 2009, K.S. Sparks, C. Petit, KSS188 (deposited in WAM). Paratypes. Western Australia. 20 workers, same data as holotype, 4 ergatoids, 21 workers, Tom Price Caravan Park, -22.6976, 117.7615, 16 Oct 2009, K.S. Sparks, C. Petit, KSS168; 11w, same locality and collectors, 17 Oct 2009, KSS171; 11 workers, KSS173; 24 workers, 10km N Tom Price, -22.6019, 117.7457, 17 Oct 2009, K.S. Sparks, C. Petit, KSS178 (deposited in NTM, South Australian Museum, WAM).

Etymology

The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the region in Western Australia where this species has been collected.

References

  • Sparks, K.S., Andersen, A.N. and Austin, A.D. 2015. Systematics of the Monomorium rothsteini Forel species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a problematic ant group in Australia. Zootaxa. 3893:489–529. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3893.4.2