Monomorium rufulum

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Monomorium rufulum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. rufulum
Binomial name
Monomorium rufulum
Stitz, 1923

Monomorium rufulum casent0235927 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium rufulum casent0235927 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


A Namibia savannah baiting study found this ant to be the dominant ground species (Campbell et al. 2015).


Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Angola, Botswana, Namibia (type locality), South Africa, Zimbabwe.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • rufulum. Monomorium salomonis var. rufula Stitz, 1923: 156 (w.) NAMIBIA. Raised to species and senior synonym of monardi: Bolton, 1987: 359. See also: Bolton, 1986b: 268.
  • monardi. Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) monardi Santschi, 1937d: 226, figs. 15, 16 (w.) ANGOLA. Junior synonym of rufulum: Bolton, 1987: 359.



  • Bolton, B. 1986b. Apterous females and shift of dispersal strategy in the Monomorium salomonis-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Nat. Hist. 20: 267-272 (page 268, see also)
  • Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 54: 263-452 (page 359, Raised to species, and senior synonym of monardi)
  • Campbell, H., M. D. E. Fellowes, and J. M. Cook. 2015. Species diversity and dominance-richness relationships for ground and arboreal ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) assemblages in Namibian desert, saltpan, and savannah. Myrmecol. News. 21:37-47.
  • Stitz, H. 1923. Hymenoptera, VII. Formicidae. Beitr. Kennt. Land- Süsswasserfauna Dtsch.-Südwestafr. 2: 143-167 (page 156, worker described)