Mycetarotes

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Mycetarotes
Mycetarotes parallelus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Mycetarotes
Emery, 1913
Type species
Cyphomyrmex parallelus, now Mycetarotes parallelus
Diversity
4 species
(Species Checklist)

Mycetarotes parallelus lateral view

Mycetarotes parallelus dorsal view

Specimen Label

Evolutionary Relationships
Attini


Ochetomyrmex
  (2 species)



Tranopelta
  (2 species)






Diaphoromyrma
  (1 species)




Lachnomyrmex
  (16 species)




Blepharidatta
  (4 species)




Allomerus
  (8 species)



Wasmannia
  (11 species)










Acanthognathus
  (7 species)





Daceton
  (2 species)



Lenomyrmex
  (7 species)





Microdaceton
  (4 species)




Orectognathus
  (29 species)




Colobostruma
  (16 species)




Epopostruma
  (19 species)



Mesostruma
  (9 species)











Apterostigma
  (44 species)




Mycocepurus
  (6 species)



Myrmicocrypta
  (31 species)






Kalathomyrmex
  (1 species)





Mycetarotes
  (4 species)



Mycetosoritis
  (2 species)





Cyphomyrmex
  (23 species)




Acromyrmex
  (62 species)




Atta
  (19 species)



Trachymyrmex
  (49 species)












Pheidole
  (1,140 species)




Cephalotes
  (119 species)



Procryptocerus
  (45 species)







Strumigenys
  (836 species)




Phalacromyrmex
  (1 species)



Pilotrochus
  (1 species)







Protalaridris
  (7 species)



Rhopalothrix
  (16 species)





Basiceros
  (8 species)




Octostruma
  (34 species)




Eurhopalothrix
  (53 species)



Talaridris
  (1 species)











Based on Ward et al. (2014).

A genus of fungus growing ants. Sanchez et al (2015) - Of the four species in the genus, Mycetarotes parallelus is the most widespread and common of all species of the genus (Mayhé-Nunes & Jaffé, 1998), in contrast to the other species of the genus which are uncommon and whose distributions are restricted to specific conditions (Mayhé-Nunes, 1995; Mayhé-Nunes & Lanziotti, 2004). Unlike other Mycetarotes species M. parallelus commonly lives in open habitats, gallery forest, secondary forest, and disturbed habitats (Solomon et al., 2004).

At a Glance • Fungus Grower  
 

Identification

Sanchez et al (2015) - The ant genus Mycetarotes is represented by four species, all neotropical: Mycetarotes acutus, Mycetarotes carinatus, Mycetarotes parallelus and Mycetarotes senticosus. The workers are monomorphic and can be distinguished from other members of fungus-growing ants by the presence of tridentate occipital corners (in frontal view the occipital spines project between the outer spines of the occipital margin and supraocular spines), subparallel frontal carinae that terminate near the occipital margin, lateral margins of frontal lobes little expanded laterally and bluntly angular or rounded, and the absences of clearly delimited antennal scrobes. Their mandibles are finely and longitudinally striolate, with 5-6 teeth on the masticatory margin (Kempf, 1960; Mayhé-Nunes & Brandão, 2006).

Distribution

World distribution based on political regions. View/Edit Data
Mycetarotes Distribution.png Worlddistribution legend.jpg

Species richness

Species richness by country based on regional taxon lists (countries with darker colours are more species-rich). View Data

Mycetarotes Species Richness.png

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • MYCETAROTES [Myrmicinae: Attini]
    • Mycetarotes Emery, 1913b: 251 [as subgenus of Cyphomyrmex]. Type-species: Cyphomyrmex parallelus, by original designation.
    • Mycetarotes raised to genus: Borgmeier, 1950b: 384.

References

  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 199, Mycetarotes in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1950b. Bemerkungen zu Dr. Creighton's Werk "The ants of North America". Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 21: 381-386 (page 384, Mycetarotes as genus)
  • Emery, C. 1913c. Études sur les Myrmicinae. [V-VII.]. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 57: 250-262 (page 251, Mycetarotes as subgenus of Cyphomyrmex; Mycetarotes in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 342, Mycetarotes in Myrmicinae, Attini; Mycetarotes as subgenus of Cyphomyrmex)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 247, Mycetarotes as subgenus of Cyphomyrmex)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1960d. A review of the ant genus Mycetarotes Emery (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 20: 277-283 (page 277, Review of genus)
  • Mayhé-Nunes, A. J. 1995. Sinopse do gênero Mycetarotes (Hym., Formicidae), com a descriça~o de duas especies novas. Bol. Entomol. Venez. (n.s.) 10(2): 197-205 (page 197, review of genus)
  • Sanchez, A. F., C. A. Medina, and G. W. Prescott. 2015. First Record of the Genus Mycetarotes (Emery, 1913) (Formicidae: Myrmicinae) from Colombia. Sociobiology. 62:331-333. doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v62i2.331-333