Myrmecia nigriceps

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Myrmecia nigriceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. nigriceps
Binomial name
Myrmecia nigriceps
Mayr, 1862

Myrmecia nigriceps casent0217498 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia nigriceps casent0217498 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

These ants are visual predators. Typical encounters with even a solitary forager shows that they are a formidable and aggressive species.

Identification

Myrmecia desertorum, Myrmecia fuscipes, Myrmecia gratiosa, Myrmecia nigriceps and Myrmecia vindex are all large to very large, reddish ants with red, brown or black heads and a black gaster.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nigriceps. Myrmecia nigriceps Mayr, 1862: 728 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Forel, 1910b: 3 (q.); Viehmeyer, 1914b: 28 (m.). Subspecies of vindex: Forel, 1907h: 264. Revived status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 38. Senior synonym of fasciata: Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1659. See also: Clark, 1951: 64.
  • fasciata. Myrmecia fasciata Clark, 1951: 63, fig. 40 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of nigriceps: Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1659.

Type Material

Description

References

  • Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.] PDF
  • Eriksson, E.S. 1985. Attack behaviour and distance perception in the Australian bulldog ant Myrmecia nigriceps. Journal of Experimental Biology 119, 115–131.
  • Forel, A. 1907j. Formicidae. In: Michaelsen, W., Hartmeyer, R. (eds.) Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Band I, Lieferung 7. Jena: Gustav Fischer, pp. 263-310. (page 264, Variety of vindex)
  • Forel, A. 1910b. Formicides australiens reçus de MM. Froggatt et Rowland Turner. Rev. Suisse Zool. 18: 1-94 (page 3, queen described)
  • Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of South-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 76:1-206. PDF
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 728, worker described)
  • Narendra,A., Reid,S.F., Greiner,B., Peters,R.A., Hemmi,J.M., Ribi,W.A., Jochen Zeil,J. 2011. Caste-specific visual adaptations to distinct daily activity schedules in Australian Myrmecia ants. Proc. R. Soc. B vol. 278 no. 1709, 1141-1149 (doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.1378).
  • Ogata, K.; Taylor, R. W. 1991. Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a preliminary review and key to the named species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). J. Nat. Hist. 2 25: 1623-1673 (page 1659, Senior synonym of fasciata)
  • Viehmeyer, H. 1914b [1913]. Neue und unvollständig bekannte Ameisen der alten Welt. Arch. Naturgesch. (A)79(1 12: 24-60 (page 28, male described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933i. Colony founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, viii + 179 pp. (page 38, Revived status as species)