Myrmecia nigrocincta

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Myrmecia nigrocincta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. nigrocincta
Binomial name
Myrmecia nigrocincta
Smith, F., 1858

Myrmecia nigrocincta casent0902805 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia nigrocincta casent0902805 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

At a Glance • Brachypterous Queen  

 

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

A colony excavated in 2007 near Raleigh NSW yielded one queen, 570 workers, 75 cocoons as well as larvae and eggs (C. Peeters unpublished data).

Castes

Queen is brachypterous, i.e. short, non-functional wings are present at adult emergence (Wheeler 1933 p. 49). This implies that she mates close to her natal colony, and dispersal distance is limited

Myrmecia nigrocincta queen and workers from a colony excavated near Coff's Harbour, NSW. Photo by Christian Peeters.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nigrocincta. Myrmecia nigrocincta Smith, F. 1858b: 147 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Roger, 1861a: 36 (q.); Mayr, 1876: 95 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 251 (l.); Imai, Crozier & Taylor, 1977: 345 (k.). See also: Crawley, 1926: 381; Clark, 1951: 113; Ogata, 1991a: 359.

Type Material

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 22 (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977).

References

  • Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.] PDF
  • Crawley, W. C. 1926. A revision of some old types of Formicidae. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1925: 373-393 (page 381, see also)
  • Imai, H. T.; Crozier, R. H.; Taylor, R. W. 1977. Karyotype evolution in Australian ants. Chromosoma (Berl.) 59: 341-393 (page 345, karyotype described)
  • Liu S-P, Richter A, Stössel A, Beutel R 2019. The mesosomal anatomy of Myrmecia nigrocincta workers and evolutionary transformations in Formicidae (Hymenoptera). Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 77: 1-19
  • Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. J. Mus. Godeffroy 12: 56-115 (page 95, male described)
  • Ogata, K. 1991a. Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a review of the species groups and their phylogenetic relationships (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). Syst. Entomol. 16: 353-381 (page 359, see also)
  • Roger, J. 1861a. Die Ponera-artigen Ameisen (Schluss). Berl. Entomol. Z. 5: 1-54 (page 36, queen described)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 147, worker described)
  • Wheeler, G.C. 1933. Colony-founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA.
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1971d. Ant larvae of the subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pan-Pac. Entomol. 47: 245-256 (page 251, larva described)