Myrmecia simillima

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Myrmecia simillima
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. simillima
Binomial name
Myrmecia simillima
Smith, F., 1858

Myrmecia simillima casent0902786 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia simillima casent0902786 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms
At a Glance • Brachypterous Queen  • Ergatoid queen  

 

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Both brachypterous and ergatoid queens have been described (John Freeland unpublished 1, John Freeland unpublished 2, Clark 1951). This has implications for mating behaviour (probably close to natal colony), and limited dispersal distance (hence DCF).

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • crudelis. Myrmecia crudelis Smith, F. 1858b: 147 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of simillima: Brown, 1953j: 12. See also: Crawley, 1926: 374; Clark, 1951: 35.
  • simillima. Myrmecia simillima Smith, F. 1858b: 144 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Forel, 1907h: 265 (q.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 253 (l.). Junior synonym of forficata: Mayr, 1876: 95. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of forficata: Dalla Torre, 1893: 20; Forel, 1907h: 265; Forel, 1910b: 3; Forel, 1915b: 5. Revived status as species: Clark, 1927: 37; Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 34; Clark, 1951: 89. Senior synonym of affinis: Forel, 1907h: 265; Clark, 1951: 89; of crudelis, nigriventris (and its junior synonym spadicea), paucidens, rogeri, tricolor: Brown, 1953j: 12. See also: Crawley, 1926: 376.
  • affinis. Myrmecia affinis Mayr, 1862: 725 (diagnosis in key) (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of simillima: Forel, 1907h: 265; Clark, 1951: 89.
  • nigriventris. Myrmecia nigriventris Mayr, 1862: 727 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Subspecies of tricolor: Forel, 1910b: 7; Emery, 1911d: 20; Clark, 1951: 45. Senior synonym of spadicea: Forel, 1910b: 7; Clark, 1951: 45. Junior synonym of simillima: Brown, 1953j: 12.
  • spadicea. Myrmecia spadicea Mayr, 1862: 724 (diagnosis in key) (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of tricolor: Emery, 1911d: 20; of nigriventris: Forel, 1910b: 7; Clark, 1951: 45.
  • tricolor. Myrmecia tricolor Mayr, 1862: 724 (diagnosis in key) (w.) AUSTRALIA. Clark, 1951: 44 (q.). Junior synonym of simillima: Brown, 1953j: 12.
  • paucidens. Myrmecia paucidens Forel, 1910b: 5 (w.) AUSTRALIA (Tasmania). Junior synonym of simillima: Brown, 1953j: 12.
  • rogeri. Myrmecia tricolor var. rogeri Emery, 1914b: 181 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Viehmeyer, 1924a: 222 (q.). Raised to species: Clark, 1951: 32. Junior synonym of simillima: Brown, 1953j: 12.

Type Material

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 12, Senior synonym of crudelis, nigriventris (and its junior synonym spadicea), paucidens, rogeri and tricolor)
  • Clark, J. 1927. The ants of Victoria. Part III. Vic. Nat. (Melb.) 44: 33-40 (page 37, Revived status as species)
  • Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.] PDF
  • Crawley, W. C. 1926. A revision of some old types of Formicidae. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1925: 373-393 (page 376, see also)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 20, Revived from synonymy as variety/subspecies of forficata)
  • Forel, A. 1907j. Formicidae. In: Michaelsen, W., Hartmeyer, R. (eds.) Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Band I, Lieferung 7. Jena: Gustav Fischer, pp. 263-310. (page 265, queen described, Revived from synonymy as variety/subspecies of forficata, Senior synonym of affinis)
  • Forel, A. 1910b. Formicides australiens reçus de MM. Froggatt et Rowland Turner. Rev. Suisse Zool. 18: 1-94 (page 3, Revived from synonymy as variety/subspecies of forficata)
  • Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. J. Mus. Godeffroy 12: 56-115 (page 95, Junior synonym of forficata)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 144, worker described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1971. Ant larvae of the subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pan-Pac. Entomol. 47: 245-256 (page 253, larva described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933. Colony founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, viii + 179 pp. (page 34, Revived status as species)