Myrmecina harrisoni

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Two specimens were collected from different rotten logs in wet mountain forest dominated by oaks at 1070 m altitude.

Myrmecina harrisoni
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Myrmecina
Species: M. harrisoni
Binomial name
Myrmecina harrisoni
Brown, 1967

Myrmecina harrisoni 31576 31576 hal.jpg

Myrmecina harrisoni 31576 31576 had.jpg

Holotype Specimen Label

Identification

Sculpture of head and alitrunk coarser than in Myrmecina americana , costulae thicker, and the spaces between the costulae relatively narrower and with nearly smooth, shining bottoms.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Mexico (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Found in rotten logs in wet mountain forest dominated by oaks, Liquidambar, and Podocarpus at about 1070 m altitude, Rancho del Cielo, Sierra Guatemala, above the village of Gomez Farias in southern Tamaulipas, Mexico.

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • harrisoni. Myrmecina harrisoni Brown, 1967c: 237, fig. 3 (w.) MEXICO.

Description

Holotype worker: TL 3.4, HL 0.77, HW (without eyes) 0.75 (CI 97), ML (adjusted because mandibles are partly open) 0.21, WL 0.90, antennal scape L (chord, from basal collar) 0.61mm.

Sculpture of head and alitrunk coarser than in Myrmecina americana , costulae thicker, and with nearly smooth, shining bottoms. Promesonotal disc with costulae strongly diverging anteriad, forming an irregular triangle with three transverse anterior elements.

Other characters within the range of variation of eastern Myrmecina americana; median lobe of clypeus squarely truncate, with lateral and median tubercles present and about equally developed, not very prominent. Scapes not notably flattened at base. Propodeal teeth prominent, diverging, but also straight. Integument of gastric dorsum shining, with "Scotch-grain" shagreening or microreticulation distinct on basal segment.

Color black, shading to castaneous on mouthparts, coxae, and lower petiole and postpetiole; antennae and legs dull yellowish. Holotype and paratype deposited in the Musuem of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University.

Paratype worker: TL 3.5, HL 0.80, HW 0.76 (CI 95), ML 0.22, WL 0.90, scape L 0.65 mm.
Similar to the holotype but a trifle larger. Median clypeal lobe with a more concave anterior border, the 3 tubercles somewhat better developed than in holotype. Details of sculpture, color and pilosity almost exactly as in holotype.


Etymology

This species is dedicated to the memory of Mr. Francis Harrison, proprietor of Rancho del Cielo, naturalist, and frequent host to itinerant naturalists. Months after the collection of this new species, Mr. Harrison was cruelly and senselessly murdered. Let us hope that his attempts to save some part of the northernmost true wet tropical forest in the Western Hemisphere will not have been in vain (Brown, 1967c).

References

Brown, W. L., Jr. 1967c. Studies on North American ants. II. Myrmecina. Entomol. News 78: 233-240 PDF (page 237, fig. 3 worker described)