Myrmelachista longiceps

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Myrmelachista longiceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Myrmelachistini
Genus: Myrmelachista
Species: M. longiceps
Binomial name
Myrmelachista longiceps
Longino, 2006

Myrmelachista longiceps casent0280546 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmelachista longiceps casent0280546 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species occurs in mature wet forest habitats, most commonly in montane forests but occasionally lower. It nests in live stems of various plant species. Nests have been found in the live stems of a 2m tall shrub in the Rubiaceae, a large Palicourea-like shrub, Guarea rhopalocarpa, Ocotea, Licaria, Ocotea whitei, Conostegia, and Ficus. Founding queens have been found in Guarea (the undescribed species usually inhabited by Myrmelachista flavoguarea), in chambers in terminal shoots of sprouts from the base of a G. rhopalocarpa tree, in a small Inga sapling (adjacent to a large mature colony in a Licaria tree), and in a shrub in the Rubiaceae. Coccoidea often occur in the stems. (Longino 2006)

Identification

Longino (2006) - Worker with antenna 9-segmented, color red brown. Queen with head black, elongate, CI 80–86. Male with digitus usually long and paddle-shaped with thickened posterodorsal margin.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Habitat

Mature wet forest habitats, most commonly from 500–1500m elevation but occasionally lower.

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • longiceps. Myrmelachista longiceps Longino, 2006a: 33, figs. 5, 7, 8, 12, 14 (w.q.m.) COSTA RICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

HL 0.593–0.779, HW 0.562–0.716, SL 0.312–0.384, EL 0.127–0.147, CI 89–95 (n=5).

Antenna 9-segmented; maxillary palpus 5-segmented but terminal segment elongate, sometimes with partial constriction suggestion partial fusion of terminal two palpomeres; dorsal surface of mandible weakly to strongly rugose or punctatorugose; clypeus and face smooth and shining with variable amount of roughening and larger puncta on anterior malar spaces and anterior clypeus; in full face view, side and rear margins of head with sparse to abundant appressed to subdecumbent pubescence, sometimes with a few projecting setae on posterolateral vertex; ventral surface of head with sparse to abundant short subdecumbent pubescence, no erect setae; scape with abundant suberect setae, longer setae about equal to width of scape; hind tibia with abundant appressed to subdecumbent setae, relatively uniform length, short, about 1/4 width of tibia; typically with dark brown head and gaster, mottled dark and light brown mesosoma, sometimes uniformly dark brown, never strongly bicolored.

Queen

HL 1.096–1.270, HW 0.904–1.078, SL 0.470–0.551, EL 0.281–0.330, OW 0.045–0.079, OD 0.187–0.232, CI 80–86, OI 29–33, OcI 4–7 (n=10).

Antenna 9-segmented; maxillary palpus 5 or 6-segmented; dorsal surface of mandible moderately to strongly punctatorugose; clypeus and anterior malar spaces roughened and with large puncta, grading to smooth and shining with smaller puncta posteriorly; in full face view side and rear margins of head with abundant short appressed to suberect pubescence, without longer erect setae, sometimes with longer erect setae on posterolateral vertex; ventral surface of head with abundant subdecumbent to suberect setae, these similar to or longer than setae on sides of head; scape with abundant suberect setae, longer setae about equal to width of scape; hind tibia with abundant appressed to suberect setae, relatively uniform length, short, about 1/4 width of tibia; color largely black, sometimes with some degree of lighter red color on anterior face.

Male

Antenna 10-segmented; maxillary palpus 5 or 6-segmented; pygostyles absent; basiparamere with long, needle-like lobe; paramere very elongate and linear, with parallel sides; apodeme of penial valve curving into dorsal margin at obtuse angle. Volsella variable as follows: (collection JTL2280) cuspis very short, closely applied to inner surface of paramere, paddle-shaped, apex with a row of small denticles, only apical row of denticles sclerotized; digitus with short, narrow, downcurved base where dorsal margin close to cuspis, then expanding into large paddle-shape structure, dorsal margin revolute and thickened, forming bulla, large lamina of digitus with several irregular thin spots; (JTL2696) cuspis very short and narrow, parallel sided, distant from digitus, digitus broadly and bluntly scimitar-shaped, but not as grossly expanded, without revolute margin or bulla, irregular thin spots small, faint; (JTL2620) cuspis like JTL2696; digitus like a shorter version of JTL2696, with apical margin greatly thickened and forming pair of bulla, shiny and cream-colored on dried specimen; lamina of digitus lacking thin spots.

Type Material

Holotype alate queen: Costa Rica, Prov. Puntarenas, Monteverde, 10°18’N, 84°48’W, 1400m, 24 Jan 1996 (J. Longino#3743) Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, specimen code JTLC000006219.

Paratypes: workers and queens, from same nest as holotype, specimen codes JTLC000006220-JTLC000006224, distributed to Museum of Comparative Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, University of California, Davis, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, The Natural History Museum.

Etymology

The name refers to the relatively elongate head of queen and worker.

References