Myrmica curvithorax

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Myrmica curvithorax
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. curvithorax
Binomial name
Myrmica curvithorax
Bondroit, 1920

Myrmica curvithorax antweb1008447 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmica curvithorax antweb1008447 d 1 high.jpg

Synonyms

M. slovaca is a rather thermophilous species that builds its nests directly into the soil. In central Europe it is frequently found in dry meadows but in the eastern part of its range, M. slovaca mainly inhabits intrazonal, relatively wet and often salted habitats in the steppe zone. Thus it could be a relict steppe species in central Europe. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)

Identification

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - A member of the specioides complex of the scabrinodis species group. It is easily distinguished from any other species from this group by its very narrow frons (worker PI ::; 0.30). However, the males have short standing hairs on the legs and scape and are hard to distinguish from males of Myrmica specioides and some other species.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia, Belarus, Ukraine, southern part of European part of Russia (to the north up to Nizhniy Novgorod; see Zrianin and Zrianina, 2007), south of West Siberia, Kazakhstan, Altai Mts.; Spain

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Spain (type locality), Switzerland, Ukraine.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Fungi

This species is a host for the ectoparastic fungus Rickia wasmannii (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • curvithorax. Myrmica curvithorax Bondroit, 1920a: 148, fig. 1 (w.) SPAIN.
    • Synonym of slovaca: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 280.
    • [Note: Radchenko & Elmes give slovaca as senior synonym, but curvithorax has priority.]
    • Status as species: Bolton, 1995b: 278; Seifert, 2011: 170.
    • Senior synonym of slovaca: Seifert, 2011: 170 (in text).
  • slovaca. Myrmica (Myrmica) slovaca Sadil, 1952: 259, figs. VI, 8-14; VIII, 35, 36; IX, 35; X, 10, XI, 13 (w.q.m.) CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
    • Status as species: Arnol'di, 1970b: 1837 (in key); Kutter, 1977c: 71; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 534 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 268 (in key); Radchenko, 1994c: 144 (in key); Radchenko, 1994e: 80; Radchenko & Elmes, 2009c: 521; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 280; Czechowski, et al. 2012: 98; Czekes, et al. 2012: 43 (in key).
    • Junior synonym of salina: Seifert, 1988b: 25; Seifert, 1994: 13; Seifert, 2002a: 96; Radchenko & Elmes, 2004: 228.
    • Junior synonym of curvithorax: Seifert, 2011: 170 (in text).

Description

References