Myrmica deplanata

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Myrmica deplanata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. deplanata
Binomial name
Myrmica deplanata
Emery, 1921

Myrmica deplanata P casent0904084.jpg

Myrmica deplanata D casent0904084.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

M. deplanata is one of the most thermo-xerophilous species of the genus Myrmica. Although it has a widespread distribution, nests of M. deplanata are comparatively rare, it has never been reported as being abundant even in apparently optimal habitats. It inhabits mostly steppes and steppe-like habitats at low altitudes, where it prefers stony sites with low, often sparse vegetation. Nests are built in the soil, often under stones in places that become very hot in summer months. Although it is reportedly tolerant of high soil salinity it is not particularly associated with the damper steppe areas that can become quite salted. Sexuals have been found in nests from July-September. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)

Identification

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) – A member of the schencki group that differs from sympatric Myrmica schencki, Myrmica caucasicola and Myrmica koreana by its wider frons and less extended frontal lobes; the males well differ from all other schencki-group species by their very short scape (for details see Radchenko, Elmes and Alicata 2006).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Austria, Bulgaria, China, Czech Republic, Georgia (type locality), Hungary, Iran, Kazakhstan, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation (type locality), Slovakia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • deplanata. Myrmica lobicornis var. deplanata Emery, 1921f: 38 (w.) UKRAINE, RUSSIA, GEORGIA. [First available use of Myrmica scabrinodis subsp. lobicornis var. deplanata Ruzsky, 1905b: 700; unavailable name.] Subspecies of lobicornis: Karavaiev, 1927a: 283; of schencki: Finzi, 1926: 111. Raised to species: Arnol'di, 1934: 169; Karavaiev, 1934: 83; Stitz, 1939: 105; Tarbinsky, 1976: 31. Senior synonym of moravica, plana: Karavaiev, 1934: 83; Arnol'di, 1970b: 1843; Seifert, 1988b: 36; Radchenko & Elmes, 2009c: 511; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 116; of dagmarae: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 116. Junior synonym of lacustris: Radchenko, 1994f: 77; Seifert, 2003b: 150; Radchenko, Elmes & Alicata, 2006: 516. Revived from synonymy: Radchenko & Elmes, 2009c: 511. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 116.
  • moravica. Myrmica moravica Soudek, 1922: 45, fig. 21 (w.q.) CZECHIA. Soudek, 1925a: 35 (m.). [Also described as new by Soudek, 1923: 107.] Status as species: Finzi, 1926: 104; Weber, 1950b: 213. Subspecies of deplanata: Novak & Sadil, 1941: 80; Kratochvíl, in Kratochvíl, Novak & Snoflak, 1944: 40; Sadil, 1952: 263. Junior synonym of deplanata: Karavaiev, 1934: 83; Arnol'di, 1970b: 1843; Seifert, 1988b: 36; of lacustris: Radchenko, 1994f: 77; Seifert, 2003b: 150; Radchenko, Elmes & Alicata, 2006: 516; of deplanata: Radchenko & Elmes, 2009c: 511; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 116.
  • plana. Myrmica lobicornis var. plana Karavaiev, 1927a: 283, fig. 1 (w.) UKRAINE. Arnol'di, 1934: 170 (q.m.). Subspecies of schencki: Karavaiev, 1929b: 208; of deplanata: Arnol'di, 1934: 170. Junior synonym of deplanata: Karavaiev, 1934: 83; Arnol'di, 1970b: 1843; Seifert, 1988b: 36; of lacustris: Radchenko, 1994f: 78; Seifert, 2003b: 150; Radchenko, Elmes & Alicata, 2006: 516; of deplanata: Radchenko & Elmes, 2009c: 511; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 116.
  • dagmarae. Myrmica moravica var. dagmarae Sadil, 1939b: 108 (w.q.m.) CZECHIA. Junior synonym of deplanata: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 116.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Seifert (2003), translation of Rusky - Differs from the typical lobicornis by the almost absent constriction between meso-metanotum, of which exist only traces, because the profile of back is more vaulted and almost even [Ruzsky exactly wrote: "pochemu spinnoij profil yvlyaetsya boleye vypuklym i pochti rovnym", B.S.]. Spines shorter, thin, acute. At the bend of antennal scape an acute dent, or small acute lobe. Second waist segment almost smooth above, weakly shining, with a thin and minor net-like rugosity. Setae on the body very rare, sometimes almost absent from thorax and dorsum of gaster."

Etymology

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - derived from the word deplanate meaning flattened (above and below), which itself derives from the Latin word complanatus, it presumably refers to the "more flattened" propodeum dorsum compared to Myrmica scabrinodis.

References

  • Arnol'di, K. V. 1934. Studien über die Systematik der Ameisen. VIII. Vorläufige Ergebnisse einer biometrischen Untersuchung einiger Myrmica-Arten aus dem europäischen Teile der USSR. Folia Zool. Hydrobiol. 6: 151-174 (page 169, Raised to species)
  • Arnol'di, K. V. 1970b. Review of the ant genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the European part of the USSR. Zool. Zh. 4 49: 1829-1844 (page 1843, Senior synonym of moravica and plana)
  • Czechowski, W. 2009. Myrmica slovaca SADIL and Myrmica deplanata EMERY rather than M. salina RUZSKY and M. lacustris RUZSKY (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Poland. Polish Journal of Entomology, 78: 315-317.
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 38, first available use of Myrmica scabrinodis subsp. lobicornis var. deplanata)
  • Finzi, B. 1926. Le forme europee del genere Myrmica Latr. Primo contributo. Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. Nat. Trieste 29: 71-119 (page 111, Variety of schencki)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1927a [1926]. Übersicht der Ameisenfauna der Krim nebst einigen Neubeschreibungen. Konowia 5: 281-303 (page 283, Variety of lobocornis)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1934. The fauna of the family Formicidae (ants) of the Ukraine. Tr. Inst. Zool. Biol. Vseukr. Akad. Nauk Ser. 1 Pr. Syst. Faun. 1934: 1-164 (page 83, Raised to species, Senior synonym of moravica and plana)
  • Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
  • Ruzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. Tr. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 38(4-6 6: 1-800 (page 700, worker described; unavailable name)
  • Seifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abh. Ber. Naturkundemus. Görlitz 62(3): 1-75 (page 36, Senior synonym of moravica and plana)
  • Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. (page 105, Raised to species)
  • Tarbinsky, Y. S. 1976. The ants of Kirghizia. Frunze: Ilim, 217 pp. (page 31, Raised to species)