Myrmica eidmanni

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Myrmica eidmanni
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. eidmanni
Binomial name
Myrmica eidmanni
Menozzi, 1930

Myrmica eidmanni casent0913080 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmica eidmanni casent0913080 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - Despite M. eidmanni being widely distributed in the Taiga Zone, it avoids dense forests and is more common at relatively low altitudes in anthropogenic environments (the highest altitude recorded is 2100 m). Its preferred habitats are grasslands, forest clearings, roadsides, riverbanks, sandy lakeshores and peat bogs but it lives also in sparse forests (pine, larch) and their edges and glades, where it builds nests in the soil, often under stones, and in soil and moss mounds (Dmitrienko, Petrenko 1976; Kupyanskaya 1990). Colonies are moderately polygynous (ranging from 1-5 queens) and contain on average 500 workers. Sexual forms emerge in July-August, nuptial flight in August-September.

Identification

A member of the lobicornis complex of the lobicornis species group. Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - M. eidmanni is distributed from Altai Mts. to the Pacific Ocean and was previously determined by most Russian entomologists as M. jessensis (see Radchenko 2005). It is closely related to Myrmica jessensis, which is mainly distributed in Japan, but clearly differs from the latter by its wider frons and less extended frontal lobes (see Notes for M. jessensis).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

South Siberia (from Altai Mt. in the west), Mongolia, Russian Far East, Korean Peninsula, NE China.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Mongolia, Russian Federation (type locality).

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • eidmanni. Myrmica eidmanni Menozzi, 1930d: 331, fig. 3 (w.) RUSSIA. Subspecies of scabrinodis: Weber, 1950b: 204. Revived status as species and senior synonym of littoralis: Radchenko, 2005b: 139. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 127.
  • littoralis. Myrmica lobicornis subsp. littoralis Weber, 1948a: 287 (w.q.m.) RUSSIA. [First available use of Myrmica scabrinodis subsp. lobicornis var. littoralis Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1928b: 33; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of jessensis: Kupyanskaya, 1986a: 85; of eidmanni: Radchenko, 2005b: 139; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 127.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Etymology

M. eidmanni: dedicated to Mennozzi's friend, the entomologist and expeditionist Prof. Hermann A. Eidmann (1897-1949) of the University of Gottingen. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)

References

  • Menozzi, C. 1930h. Formicidae. Pp. 327-332 in: Eidmann, H. Entomologishe Ergebnisse einer Reise nach Ostasien. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 79:308-335. (page 331, fig. 3 worker described)
  • Radchenko, A. 2005b. Monographic revision of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of North Korea. Annales Zoologici 55(2): 127-221 (page 139, stst. rev., raised to species)
  • Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
  • Weber, N. A. 1950c. A revision of the North American ants of the genus Myrmica Latreille with a synopsis of the Palearctic species. III. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 43: 189-226 (page 204, Subspecies of scabrinodis)