Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - In the ELMES collection there are series from> 80 nests of M. forcipata collected by Michal Woyciechowski from northern Mongolia at about 1000 m a.s.l. (1999-2001, see also ecological data for Myrmica angulinodis). About 48% of nest series were taken in herb-rich and wet grassy meadows near rivers, where most nests were built in grass clumps with some directly in the soil or under pieces of rotten wood; 22% were found in the other wettish habitats, shrubland and riparian woodland, where nests were most likely to be found in grass and moss tussocks. A further 28% of series came from drier meadow-steppe, where nests were mostly built directly in the soil. Only 2 nests of M. forcipata were found in mountain-forest and mountain dry steppe (for description of biotopes see Muehlenberg et al. 2000). Sexuals were found in nests from July to August and mating swarms were observed on a hilltop (1040 m. a.s.l.) on 12th and 15th August 1999, mixed with M. angulinodis.
M. forcipata is a member of the lobicornis complex of the lobicornis species group. Specimens are characterized by the blunt, thick and inwardly curved propodeal spines, and by a sharply angled petiolar node. By these features, it is similar to Myrmica angulinodis, but differs from the latter by the distinct, though not large, vertical lobe at the scape bend. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)
Keys including this Species
- Key to Myrmica of China
- Key to Myrmica of species of East Siberia, Russian Far East, Mongolia, Korean Peninsula, northern China, and Japan
South and East Siberia (to the west until Sayany Mts.), Mongolia, absent in the Russian Far East.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Despite M. forcipata and Myrmica angulinodis being morphologically quite similar (see above) and often living sympatrically and sharing mating swarms, this pair of species appear to be quite well-separated ecologically. In Mongolia M. angulinodis were clearly associated (> 80% of series) with mountain-forest and its ecotones, with montain-steppe and herb-meadows, less than 5% of M. forcipata were taken in these habitats. It appears to be a much more hygrophilous species, preferring the grassy habitats near rivers. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- forcipata. Myrmica (Myrmica) forcipata Karavaiev, 1931c: 105, fig. 2 (w.) RUSSIA. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 134.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - the name derived from the Latin word forceps = pincher or tongs, to describe its forceps-like propodeal spines.
- Chen, Z.L., Zhou, S.Y., Huang, J.H. 2016. Seven species new to science and one newly recorded species of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 from China, with proposal of a new synonym (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). ZooKeys 551: 85–128 (doi: 10.3897/zookeys.551.6005).
- Karavaiev, V. 1931c. Beitrag zur Ameisenfauna Jakutiens. (Auf Grund der Sammelergebnisse der Expeditionen der Wissenschaften der UdSSR., ausgeführt in den Jahren 1925 und 1926.). Zool. Anz. 94: 104-117 (page 105, fig. 2 worker described)
- Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1990a. Ants of the Far Eastern USSR. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 258 pp. (page 108, queen, male described)
- Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.