Myrmica incompleta

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Myrmica incompleta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. incompleta
Binomial name
Myrmica incompleta
Provancher, 1881

Myrmica incompleta casent0005703 profile 1.jpg

Myrmica incompleta casent0005703 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

This ant inhabits deciduous forests where it forms large colonies with many queens (polygynous) and consisting of numerous nests (polydomous) in moist soil and in mounds of moss. It is host for the xenobiotic ant Formicoxenus provancheri.

At a Glance • Polygynous  

 

Photo Gallery

  • Worker from Groton, Massachusetts. Photo by Tom Murray.
  • Myrmica incompleta tending aphids on Oenothera biennis. These ants were almost torpid, virtually unmoved by any positioning of the plant. Baileys Harbor, Wisconsin, USA, 28 July 2016. Photo by James Trager.
  • Baileys Harbor, Wisconsin, USA, 28 July 2016. Photo by James Trager.

Identification

The temperate M. incompleta is similar in appearance to the boreal Myrmica alaskensis; they are most easily separated geographically. Useful morphological characters to distinguish these two species are the clypeus, which bulges outward and has a concave margin in M. incompleta but is flattened and has a convex margin in M. alaskensis, and the rugae on the head, which are reticulate (net-like) in M. incompleta but parallel in M. alaskensis. (Ellison et.al. 2012)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: Canada (type locality), United States (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Ant of deciduous forests. This species feeds on honeydew from root-feeding aphids and coccids. It is a host to larvae of the the myrmecophilous syrphid fly Microdon albicomatus.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • incompleta. Myrmica incompleta Provancher, 1881b: 359 (w.q.m.) CANADA.
    • [Also described as new by Provancher, 1883: 602.]
    • Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953a: 116 (l.).
    • Junior synonym of laevinodis: Provancher, 1887: 247; Dalla Torre, 1893: 111; Donisthorpe, 1915d: 110; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 789.
    • Status as species: Francoeur & Béique, 1966: 141; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1349; Allred, 1982: 491; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1986g: 23; Bolton, 1995b: 279; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 161; Coovert, 2005: 36; Ellison, et al. 2012: 285.
    • Senior synonym of brevinodis (and its junior synonyms canadensis, subalpina): Francoeur & Béique, 1966: 141.
    • Senior synonym of frigida, sulcinodoides, whymperi: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 18.
  • brevinodis. Myrmica rubra subsp. brevinodis Emery, 1895c: 312 (w.m.) U.S.A.
    • Wheeler, W.M. 1907b: 74 (q.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953a: 116 (l.).
    • Subspecies of rubra: Forel, 1904a: 154; Wheeler, W.M. 1904e: 303; Wheeler, W.M. 1906b: 6; Wheeler, W.M. 1907b: 73 (redescription); Dennis, 1938: 288.
    • Status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1914b: 53 (in text); Wheeler, W.M. 1916m: 587; Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 502; Wheeler, W.M. 1917e: 16; Weber, 1939b: 150; Cole, 1942: 368; Weber, 1950b: 189 (redescription); Creighton, 1950a: 95; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 789; Cole, 1953d: 243.
    • Senior synonym of canadensis, subalpina: Weber, 1950b: 189.
    • Junior synonym of incompleta: Francoeur & Béique, 1966: 141.
  • canadensis. Myrmica brevinodis var. canadensis Wheeler, W.M. 1916m: 587 (w.q.m.) CANADA.
    • [First available use of Myrmica rubra subsp. brevinodis var. canadensis Wheeler, W.M. 1907b: 76 (w.q.m.) CANADA; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Subspecies of brevinodis: Wheeler, W.M. 1916m: 587; Emery, 1921f: 37; Menozzi, 1932b: 310.
    • Junior synonym of brevinodis: Weber, 1950b: 189.
  • frigida. Myrmica brevinodis var. frigida Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 502 (w.) CANADA.
    • [First available use of Myrmica rubra subsp. brevinodis var. frigida Forel, 1902i: 699 (w.) CANADA; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Subspecies of brevinodis: Emery, 1921f: 37.
    • Junior synonym of sulcinodoides: Wheeler, W.M. 1917e: 16; Weber, 1950b: 195; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 789.
    • Junior synonym of incompleta: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 18.
  • subalpina. Myrmica brevinodis var. subalpina Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 503 (w.q.m.) U.S.A.
    • [First available use of Myrmica rubra subsp. brevinodis var. subalpina Wheeler, W.M. 1907b: 77 (w.q.m.) U.S.A.; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Myrmica kozlovi subsp. subalpina Ruzsky, 1915a: 438 (Bolton, 1995b: 283).]
    • Subspecies of brevinodis: Emery, 1921f: 37.
    • Junior synonym of brevinodis: Weber, 1950b: 189.
  • sulcinodoides. Myrmica brevinodis var. sulcinodoides Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 502 (w.) U.S.A.
    • [First available use of Myrmica rubra subsp. brevinodis var. sulcinodoides Emery, 1895c: 313 (w.) U.S.A.; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Wheeler, W.M. 1907b: 76 (q.m.).
    • Subspecies of brevinodis: Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 502; Wheeler, W.M. 1917e: 16; Emery, 1921f: 37; Cole, 1942: 368; Weber, 1950b: 195 (redescription); Smith, M.R. 1951a: 789.
    • Subspecies of incompleta: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1349.
    • Junior synonym of brevinodis: Creighton, 1950a: 96.
    • Status as species: Hunt & Snelling, 1975: 21; Mackay, Lowrie, et al. 1988: 92 (in key).
    • Senior synonym of frigida: Wheeler, W.M. 1917e: 16; Weber, 1950b: 195.
    • Junior synonym of whymperi: Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 502.
    • [Note: Wheeler gives sulcinodoides as senior synonym, but whymperi has priority (Bolton, 1995b: 284).]
    • Junior synonym of incompleta: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 18.
  • whymperi. Myrmica brevinodis var. whymperi Forel, 1913l: 215 (w.) U.S.A.
    • [First available use of Myrmica rubra r. brevinodis var. whymperi Forel, 1904a: 154 (w.) U.S.A.; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Synonym of sulcinodoides: Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 502; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 789.
    • [Note: Wheeler, and Smith, M.R., give sulcinodoides as senior synonym, but whymperi has priority (Bolton, 1995b: 284).]
    • Status as species: Bolton, 1995b: 284; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 168.
    • Junior synonym of incompleta: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 18.

Type Material

Description

References

  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 111, Junior synonym of laevinodis)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1915f. British ants, their life-history and classification. Plymouth: Brendon & Son Ltd., xv + 379 pp. (page 110, Junior synonym of laevinodis)
  • Francoeur, A.; Béique, R. 1966a. Les Formicides (Hyménoptères) de Provancher. Can. Entomol. 98: 140-145 (page 141, Revived from synonymy, and senior synonym of brevinodis (and its junior synonyms canadensis and subalpina))
  • Higgins, R. J. and B. S. Lindgren. 2015. Seral changes in ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) assemblages in the sub-boreal forests of British Columbia. Insect Conservation and Diversity. 8:337-347. doi:10.1111/icad.12112
  • Provancher, L. 1881b. Faune canadienne. (Continué de la page 333.). Nat. Can. (Qué.) 12: 353-362 PDF (page 359, worker, queen, male described)
  • Provancher, L. 1883. Petite faune entomologique du Canada et particulièrement de la province de Québec. Vol. II. Comprenant les Orthoptères, les Névroptères et les Hyménoptères. Québec: C. Darveau, vii + v + 879 pp. [with some irregularities in pagination] (page 602, also described as new)
  • Provancher, L. 1887c. Fam. X. - Les Formicides. [concl.]. Pp. 245-249 in: Provancher, L. 1885-1889. Additions et corrections au Volume II de la Faune entomologique du Canada, traitant des Hyménoptères. Québec: C. Darveau, 477 pp. (page 247, Junior synonym of laevinodis)
  • Shattuck, S.O., Cover, S. 2016. Taxonomy of some little-understood North American ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 4175: 010–022 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4175.1.2).
  • Smith, M. R. 1951c. Family Formicidae. Pp. 778-875 in: Muesebeck, C. F., Krombein, K. V., Townes, H. K. (eds.) Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico. Synoptic catalogue. U. S. Dep. Agric. Agric. Monogr. 2:1-1420. (page 789, Junior synonym of laevinodis)
  • Wheeler, W.M. 1916m. Hymenoptera of Connecticut. Formicoidea (pp. 577-601). In Britton, W.E. (director). Guide to the Insects of Connecticut. Part 3. The Hymenoptera, or Wasp-like Insects of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey (State of Connecticut Public Document No. 47) 5. Bulletin 22: 824 pp. [(31.xii).1916.]