Myrmica jessensis

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Myrmica jessensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. jessensis
Binomial name
Myrmica jessensis
Forel, 1901

Myrmica jessensis P casent0900294.jpg

Myrmica jessensis D casent0900294.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - In Japan M. jessensis is primarily a grassland species (Ichinose 1990) and we found that it was quite common on mown roadside verges on Hokkaido island. More generally we can say that it is a species of open areas at altitudes up to 1700 m and sometimes it is quite abundant on riverbanks (Kondoh 1994). It builds nests in soil, often under stones (Imai et al. 2003; Radchenko 2005). A nuptial flight was observed in September (Ichinose 1990).

Identification

A member of the lobicornis complex of the lobicornis species group and it most resembles Myrmica eidmanni, from which it differs principally by its narrower frons and shallower metanotal groove. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Japan (type locality), Republic of Korea, Russian Federation.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • jessensis. Myrmica lobicornis var. jessensis Forel, 1901e: 371 (w.) JAPAN. Subspecies of lobicornis: Weber, 1948a: 286. Raised to species: Collingwood, 1976: 302; Kupyanskaya, 1986a: 85; Kupyanskaya, 1990: 110. Senior synonym of hyungokae: Radchenko, 2005b: 141. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 157.
  • hyungokae. Myrmica hyungokae Elmes, Radchenko & Kim, 2001: 109, figs. 1e-h (w.) KOREA. Junior synoym of jessensis: Radchenko, 2005b: 141.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Etymology

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - from name Jesso combined with the Latin suffix ensis = place of origin, to indicate that the type region is Jesso (modern Hokkaido, Japan). In the 16th century Jesso was the northern border areas of Japan, including Hokkaido, Sakhalin and Kurilen islands inhabited by the Ainu peoples.

References

  • Collingwood, C. A. 1976a. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from North Korea. Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 68: 295-309 (page 302, Raised to species)
  • Forel, A. 1901j. Variétés myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 334-382 (page 371, worker described)
  • Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1986a. Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the group Myrmica lobicornis Nylander from the Far East. Pp. 83-90 in: Ler, P. A. (ed.) Systematics and ecology of insects from the Far East. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 155 pp. (page 85, Raised to species, Senior synonym of littoralis)
  • Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1990b. Ants of the subgenus Dendrolasius Ruzsky, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, genus Lasius Fabricius, 1804) from the Soviet Far East. Entomol. Rev. (Wash.) 69(4 4: 99-111 (page 110, Raised to species)
  • Lyu, D.-P. 2006. Review of the genus Myrmica in Korea (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 9: 189-202.
  • Radchenko, A. 2005b. Monographic revision of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of North Korea. Annales Zoologici 55(2): 127-221 (page 141, Senior synonym of hyungokae)
  • Radchenko, A. G. 1994i. Survey of the species of the lobicornis group of the genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from central and eastern Palearctic. Zool. Zh. 73(1 11: 81-92 (page 88, Senior synonym of littoralis)
  • Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
  • Weber, N. A. 1948a. A revision of the North American ants of the genus Myrmica Latreille with a synopsis of the Palearctic species. II. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 41: 267-308 (page 286, Subspecies of lobicornis)