Myrmica kamtschatica

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Myrmica kamtschatica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. kamtschatica
Binomial name
Myrmica kamtschatica
Kupyanskaya, 1986
Synonyms

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - M. kamtschatica is a boreal species that is widespread in humid places in several biotopes within the Taiga Zone. In the Kamchatka region it is most common in sparse forests but also lives on meadows and peat bogs, nests are built in soil, moss mounds and rotten wood (see Kupyanskciya 1990). In the upper Kolyma region (see Berman et al. 2010, p. 71-74) colonies contain 200-600 workers and are reported to be strictly monogynous; small nests are built in mossy tussocks or "pillows" that overlay the permafrost and are insulated by snow in winter. M. kamtschatica was used in studies of cold-hardiness (Berman et al. 2010). Nuptial flight occurs in July-August.

Identification

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) – A member of the kasczenkoi complex of the lobicornis species group. It resembles Myrmica angulinodis by the lack of a vertical lobe on its strongly angled scape-base, but well differs by the shape of its petiole and propodeal spines. Some populations of M. kamtschatica can have a weakly developed subvertical ridge on the bend at the scape-base (somewhat like a "rudimental" vertical dent).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

South and East Siberia (to the west until Altai Mts.), Mongolia, Russian Far East, North Korea.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Mongolia, Russian Federation (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • kamtschatica. Myrmica kamtschatica Kupyanskaya, 1986a: 88, figs. 3, 6, 9, 10, 14 (w.q.m.) RUSSIA. Senior synonym of aborigenica: Radchenko, 1994g: 86. See also: Kupyanskaya, 1990: 112; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 161.
  • aborigenica. Myrmica aborigenica Zhigul'skaya, 1991: 58, figs. (w.q.m.) RUSSIA. Junior synonym of kamtschatica: Radchenko, 1994g: 86. See also: Zhigul'skaya, Kipyatkov & Kipyatkova, 1992: 72.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Etymology

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - from the name Kamchatka with the adjectival suffix for nouns ica = belonging-to or from, to indicate that it is a resident of Kamchatka Peninsula.

References

  • Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1986a. Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the group Myrmica lobicornis Nylander from the Far East. Pp. 83-90 in: Ler, P. A. (ed.) Systematics and ecology of insects from the Far East. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 155 pp. (page 88, figs. 3, 6, 9, 10, 14, worker, queen, male described)
  • Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1990a. Ants of the Far Eastern USSR. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 258 pp. (page 112, see also)
  • Radchenko, A. G. 1994i. Survey of the species of the lobicornis group of the genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from central and eastern Palearctic. Zool. Zh. 73(1 11: 81-92 (page 86, Senior synonym of aborigenica)
  • Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.