Myrmica kozlovi

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Myrmica kozlovi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. kozlovi
Binomial name
Myrmica kozlovi
Ruzsky, 1915

Myrmica kozlovi P casent0900299.jpg

Myrmica kozlovi D casent0900299.jpg

Specimen Label


Poorly known. M. kozlovi has been found at the highest altitudes recorded for any Myrmica species worldwide (4800 m) which probably accounts for it being the only Myrmica species that has crossed the Himalayan barrier to live on both the western and eastern slopes. Donisthorpe (1929) wrote that “According to Major Higston [the collector of Myrmica specularis] the ants found at the higher elevations [in the Himalaya] are exceedingly lethargic and sluggish in their movements.” (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)


A member of the kurokii group.

Keys including this Species


M. kozlovi is probably widespread in the Himalayn mountain system and isolated populations predictably can morphologically vary.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India, Nepal, Tibet (type locality).
Palaearctic Region: China.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • kozlovi. Myrmica kozlovi Ruzsky, 1915a: 435, figs. 10, 11 (w.) TIBET. Senior synonym of specularis: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 259; of mekongi, ruzskyi Weber, subalpina, subbrevispinosa: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 175.
  • mekongi. Myrmica kozlovi subsp. mekongi Ruzsky, 1915a: 437, fig. 12 (w.) TIBET. Junior synonym of kozlovi: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 175.
  • subalpina. Myrmica kozlovi subsp. subalpina Ruzsky, 1915a: 438, fig. 14 (w.) TIBET. Senior synonym of ruzskyi Weber (unnecessary replacement name): Bolton, 1995b: 283. Junior synonym of kozlovi: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 175. See also: Menozzi, 1939a: 294.
  • subbrevispinosa. Myrmica kozlovi subsp. subbrevispinosa Ruzsky, 1915a: 437, fig. 13 (w.) TIBET. Junior synonym of kozlovi: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 175.
  • specularis. Myrmica specularis Donisthorpe, 1929a: 446 (w.) TIBET. Junior synonym of kozlovi: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 259.
  • ruzskyi. Myrmica kozlovi subsp. ruzskyi Weber, 1947: 471. [Unresolved junior primary homonym of ruzskyi Kiseleva, above.] Unnecessary replacement name for, and hence junior synonym of, subalpina Ruzsky, 1915a: 438: Bolton, 1995b: 282.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - dedicated to Colonel Peter Kuzmich Kozlov (1863-1935), the outstanding Russian geographer and explorer, head of many expeditions to Central Asia (Mongolia, China, Tibet).


  • Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G.W. 2001b. A taxonomic revision of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 from the Himalaya (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Entomol. Basil. 23: 237-276 (page 259, Senior synonym of specularis)
  • Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
  • Ruzsky, M. 1915a. On the ants of Tibet and the southern Gobi. On material collected on the expedition of Colonel P. K. Kozlov. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 20: 418-444 (page 435, figs. 10, 11 worker described)