Myrmica kurokii

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Myrmica kurokii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. kurokii
Binomial name
Myrmica kurokii
Forel, 1907

Myrmica kurokii P casent0280829.jpg

Myrmica kurokii D casent0280829.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Inhabits mainly mountain forests (fir, spruce, larch, birch), at altitudes between 1000 and 2600 m, mostly around 1600-2000 m, but also bushes (mainly juniper), peat bogs, subalpine meadows and mountain tundra. In forests, it builds nests almost exclusively in rotten wood, but in open habitats the ants construct moss mounds and build nests in soil under stones or dead wood. Nuptial flight is in August. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)

Identification

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - A member of the kurokii group. This large and robust species is superficially similar to some rubra-group species (e .g. 'Myrmica ruginodis, Myrmica arisana, etc.), but well differs from them by having frontal carinae that do not curved outwards and do not merge with the rugae surrounding antennal socket, a short petiole with weakly developed peduncle, much denser rugulosity on the head dorsum and by having a densely punctated surface between rugulae.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Japan (type locality), Republic of Korea, Russian Federation.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • kurokii. Myrmica rubra subsp. kurokii Forel, 1907e: 18 (w.) JAPAN. Raised to species: Emery, 1908a: 171; Weber, 1947: 469. Senior synonym of ruzskyi Kisileva: Radchenko, 1994f: 74; of chinensis, helleri: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 179. See also: Kupyanskaya, 1990: 102.
  • chinensis. Myrmica chinensis Viehmeyer, 1922: 204 (q.m.) CHINA. Subspecies of tibetana: Weber, 1947: 466. Revived status as species: Radchenko, 1994a: 41. Junior synonym of kurokii: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 179.
  • helleri. Myrmica helleri Viehmeyer, 1922: 204 (w.) CHINA. Subspecies of kurokii: Weber, 1947: 469. Revived status as species: Radchenko, 1994a: 42. Junior synonym of kurokii: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 179.
  • ruzskyi. Myrmica kozlovi subsp. ruzskyi Kiseleva, 1925: 75, fig. (w.) RUSSIA. Junior synonym of kurokii: Radchenko, 1994f: 74.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Etymology

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - this species was obviously dedicated to a Mr. Kuroki but Forel did not say who he was. He might possibly have been a Japanese collaborator of the German collector and lepidopterist Hans Fruhstorfer who owned the material, or more probably he was the Japanese General Kuroki Tamemoto who in 1904-1905 had become famous for his part in the Russo-Japanese war.

References

  • Emery, C. 1908a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 165-205 (page 171, Raised to species)
  • Forel, A. 1907h. Formiciden aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg. II. Teil. Neueingänge seit 1900. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 24: 1-20 (page 18, worker described)
  • Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1990b. Ants of the subgenus Dendrolasius Ruzsky, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, genus Lasius Fabricius, 1804) from the Soviet Far East. Entomol. Rev. (Wash.) 69(4 4: 99-111 (page 102, see also)
  • Lyu, D.-P. 2006. Review of the genus Myrmica in Korea (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 9: 189-202.
  • Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
  • Weber, N. A. 1947b. A revision of the North American ants of the genus Myrmica Latreille with a synopsis of the Palearctic species. I. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 40: 437-474 (page 469, Raised to species)